The Daily News (UK)
The Daily News was a national daily newspaper in the United Kingdom.
The News was founded in 1846 by Charles Dickens, who also served as the newspaper's first editor. It was conceived as a radical rival to the right-wing Morning Chronicle. The paper was not at first a commercial success. Dickens edited 17 issues before handing over the editorship to his friend John Forster, who had more experience in journalism than Dickens. Forster ran the paper until 1870. Charles Mackay, Harriet Martineau, George Bernard Shaw, H. G. Wells, G. K. Chesterton and Ferdinando Petruccelli della Gattina were among the leading reformist writers who wrote for the paper during its heyday. In 1870, the News absorbed the Morning Star. In 1876, Daily News and its correspondent Edwin Pears, and later Januarius MacGahan, sounded the first alarm respecting the Turkish atrocities in Bulgaria.
In 1901, Quaker chocolate manufacturer George Cadbury bought the Daily News and used the paper to campaign for old age pensions and against sweatshop labour. As a pacifist, Cadbury opposed the Boer War – and the Daily News followed his line.
In 1906, the News sponsored an exhibition on sweated labour at the Queen's Hall. This exhibition was credited with strengthening the women's suffrage movement. In 1909, H. N. Brailsford and H. W. Nevinson resigned from the paper when it refused to condemn the force feeding of suffragettes.
In 1912, the News merged with the Morning Leader, and was for a time known as the Daily News and Leader. In 1928, it merged with The Westminster Gazette, and in 1930, with the Daily Chronicle to form the centre-left News Chronicle.
The chairman from 1911 to 1930 was Edward Cadbury, eldest son of George Cadbury.
- 1846: Charles Dickens
- 1846: John Forster
- 1847: Eyre Evans Crowe
- 1851: Frederick Knight Hunt
- 1854: William Weir
- 1858: Thomas Walker
- 1869: Edward Dicey
- 1869: Frank Harrison Hill
- 1886: John Robinson
- 1896: Edward Tyas Cook
- 1901: Rudolph Chambers Lehmann
- 1902: Alfred George Gardiner
- 1920: Stuart Hodgson
- 1926: Tom Clarke
- London Daily News: General Description, Rossetti Archive.Undated.Accessed: 2007-09-14.
- The Encyclopaedia Britannica: A Dictionary of Arts, Sciences, Literature and General Information. 19. Encyclopaedia Britannica. 1911. p. 559.
- Gladstone, William Ewart (1876). Bulgarian Horrors and the Question of the East (1 ed.). London: John Murray. p. 13. Retrieved 29 March 2016 – via Internet Archive.
- Frederick Moy Thomas, ed. (1904). Fifty Years of Fleet Street being the Life and Letters of Sir John Richard Robinson (1 ed.). London: Macmillan. pp. 183–186. Retrieved 5 June 2016 – via Internet Archive.
- Kevin Grant (2005). A civilised savagery: Britain and the new slaveries in Africa, 1884–1926. Routledge. p. 110. ISBN 0-415-94901-7.
- Elizabeth Crawford, The Women's Suffrage Movement, p.453.
- "Mr Edward Cadbury". Glasgow Herald. 21 November 1948. p. 4.
- Hunter, Fred (2009). "Clarke, Thomas". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (online ed.). Oxford University Press. doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/32433. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)