Dakar Rally


The Dakar Rally (or simply "The Dakar"; formerly known as the "Paris–Dakar Rally") is an annual rally raid organised by the Amaury Sport Organisation. Most events since the inception in 1978 were staged from Paris, France, to Dakar, Senegal, but due to security threats in Mauritania, which led to the cancellation of the 2008 rally, events from 2009 to 2019 were held in South America.[1][2][3] Since 2020, the race has been entirely in Saudi Arabia. The rally is open to amateur and professional entries, amateurs typically making up about eighty percent of the participants.

Dakar Rally
CategoryRally raid
RegionEurope and Africa (1979–2007)
South America (2009–2019)
Saudi Arabia (2020–)
Inaugural season1979
Drivers' champion Stéphane Peterhansel (Cars)
Kevin Benavides (Bikes)
Dmitry Sotnikov (Trucks)
Manuel Andújar (Quads)
Francisco Lopez Contardo (UTV)
Josef Macháček (Light Prototypes)
Marc Douton (Classics)
Constructors' championMini (Cars)
Honda (Bikes)
Kamaz (Trucks)
Yamaha (ATV/Quads)
Can-Am (UTV)
Can-Am (Light Prototypes)
Sunhill Buggy (Classics)
Official websitewww.Dakar.com
Current season
Paris - Dakar route (1981)
1981 Dakar competitor Rolls Royce Corniche
Countries the rally has been through from 1979 to 2007 (orange countries were only travelled through in the 1992 race to Cape Town). Zaire (a state that is now known as the Democratic Republic of the Congo) pointed by mistake: participants used maritime transport to get from the Republic of the Congo to Angola.
Countries through which the Dakar Rally has been from 2009 to 2018 since it was moved from the previous Paris-Dakar route due to security concerns. Cities included are major start/end points.
Tracks through the Sahara desert in Mauritania
Cars on display in 1993 in Paris
A support truck during the 2004 Dakar
2011 Dakar Rally personal main prize (trucks T4)

The rally is an off-road endurance event. The terrain that the competitors traverse is much tougher than that used in conventional rallying, and the vehicles used are typically true off-road vehicles and motorcycles, rather than modified on-road vehicles. Most of the competitive special sections are off-road, crossing dunes, mud, camel grass, rocks, and erg among others. The distances of each stage covered vary from short distances up to 800–900 kilometres (500–560 mi) per day.

History


Crossing the Sahara

The race originated in December 1977, a year after Thierry Sabine got lost in the Ténéré desert whilst competing in the 1975 "Cote-Cote" Abidjan-Nice rally [4] and decided that the desert would be a good location for a regular rally, on the lines of the 1974 London–Sahara–Munich World Cup Rally, the first automobile race to cross the Sahara Desert.[5][6]

In 1971, ex-Cream drummer Ginger Baker used the unproven Range Rover to drive from Algeria to Lagos, Nigeria to set up a recording studio and jam with Fela Kuti. Predating the Paris-Dakar Rally the subsequent documentary is replete with such terrain, and documents the vehicle's endurance.[7]

Privateer Spirit

182 vehicles took the start of the inaugural rally in Paris, with 74 surviving the 10,000-kilometre (6,200 mi) trip to the Senegalese capital of Dakar. Cyril Neveu holds the distinction of being the event's first winner, riding a Yamaha motorcycle. The event rapidly grew in popularity, with 216 vehicles taking the start in 1980 and 291 in 1981.[8] The privateer spirit of early racers defying the desert with limited resources encouraged such entrants as Thierry de Montcorgé in a Rolls-Royce and Formula 1 driver Jacky Ickx with actor Claude Brasseur in a Citroën CX, in the 1981 race won by two-time winner Hubert Auriol. [5]

In 1982, there were 382 racers, more than double the amount that took the start in 1979. Neveu won the event for a third time in 1982, this time riding a Honda motorcycle, while victory in the car class went to the Marreau brothers, driving a privately entered Renault 20, whose buccaneering exploits seemed to perfectly capture the spirit of the early years of the rally. Auriol captured his second bikes class victory in 1983, the first year that Japanese manufacturer Mitsubishi competed in the rally, beginning an association that would last all the way until 2009.

At the behest of 1983 car class winner Jacky Ickx, Porsche entered the Dakar in 1984, with the total number of entries now at 427.[8] The German marque won the event at their first attempt courtesy of René Metge, who had previously won in the car category in 1981, whilst Ickx finished sixth. Gaston Rahier meanwhile continued BMW's success in the motorcycle category with back-to-back wins in 1984 and 1985, the year of Mitsubishi's first victory of 12 in the car category, Patrick Zaniroli taking the spoils. The 1986 event, won by Metge and Neveu, was marred by the death of event founder Sabine in a helicopter crash, his father Gilbert taking over organisation of the rally.

Peugeot and Citroën domination

The 1987 rally marked the start of an era of increased official factory participation in the car category, as French manufacturer Peugeot arrived and won the event with former World Rally champion Ari Vatanen. The 1987 event was also notable for a ferocious head-to-head duel between Neveu and Auriol in the motorcycle category, the former taking his fifth victory after Auriol was forced to drop out of the rally after breaking both ankles in a fall.[8] The 1988 event reached its zenith in terms of entry numbers, with 603 starters. Vatanen's title defence was derailed when his Peugeot was stolen from the service area at Bamako. Though it was later found, Vatanen was subsequently disqualified from the event, victory instead going to compatriot and teammate Juha Kankkunen.[8]

Peugeot and Vatanen returned to winning ways in 1989 and 1990, the latter marking Peugeot's final year of rally competition before switching to the World Sportscar Championship. Sister brand Citroën took Peugeot's place, Vatanen taking a third consecutive victory in 1991. The 1991 event also saw Stéphane Peterhansel take his first title in the motorcycle category with Yamaha, marking the beginning of an era of domination by the Frenchman.

For the 1992 event, the finish line moved to Cape Town, South Africa in a bid to combat a declining number of competitors, where GPS technology was used for the first time.[8] Auriol became the first person to win in multiple classes after taking Mitsubishi's second victory in the car class, while Peterhansel successfully defended his motorcycle category title. The 1993 rally entry list slumped to 153 competitors, around half of the preceding year's figure and around a quarter of that of 1988. The event was the last to be organised by Gilbert Sabine and the Amaury Sport Organisation took over the following year. With the finish line now back in its traditional location of Dakar, Bruno Saby won a third title for Mitsubishi and Peterhansel took a third straight success in the motorcycle category.

The 1994 event returned to Paris after reaching Dakar, resulting in a particularly grueling event. Pierre Lartigue took Citroën's second win in acrimonious circumstances, as Mitsubishi's leading drivers were forced to withdraw from exhaustion after traversing some particularly demanding sand dunes in the Mauritanian desert that the Citroen crews had opted to skip.[9] Peterhansel's did not compete due to a disagreement between Yamaha and the race organizers over the regulations. Edi Orioli claimed a third title in the bikes category.[8] The 1995 and 1996 events begin in the Spanish city of Granada, with Lartigue racking up wins for Citroen in both years. Peterhansel returned to take a fourth bikes category win in 1995, but lost to Orioli in 1996 because of refuelling problems.[8]

Mitsubishi in the ascendancy

The 1997 rally ran exclusively in Africa for the first time, with the route running from Dakar to Agadez, Niger and back to Dakar. Citroen's withdrawal due to a rule change paved the way for Mitsubishi to take a fourth victory. Japan's Kenjiro Shinozuka became the first non-European to win the event. Peterhansel equalled Neveu's record of five motorcycle category wins in 1997, before going one better in 1998, when the event returned to its traditional Paris-Dakar route. 1998, Dakar veteran Jean-Pierre Fontenay posted another win for Mitsubishi in the car class.

1999 started in Granada and a maiden success for erstwhile Formula One and sports car driver Jean-Louis Schlesser, who had been constructing his own buggies since 1992. With the help of Renault backing, Schlesser overcame the works Mitsubishi and Nissan crews to win, whilst Peterhansel's decision to switch to the car category allowed Richard Sainct to take BMW's first title in the bikes category since 1985. Schlesser and Sainct both successfully defended their titles in 2000, traversing the route from Dakar to the Egyptian capital of Cairo.

2001 was the final time that the rally used the familiar Paris-Dakar route, and was notable for Mitsubishi's Jutta Kleinschmidt, as she was the first woman to win the rally - albeit only after Schlesser was penalised one hour for unsportsmanlike conduct.[10] Fabrizio Meoni took the first Dakar win for Austrian manufacturer KTM, beginning a winning streak that lasted through 2019. The 2002 began in the French town of Arras and long-time Dakar participant Hiroshi Masuoka won the event for Mitsubishi (Masouka had led for much of the previous year's rally.) The 2003 rally featured an unorthodox route from Marseille to Sharm El Sheikh. Masuoka defend his title after teammate and long-time leader Peterhansel was plagued by mechanical problems in the penultimate stage.[11] Sainct meanwhile took honours in the motorcycle category, the third title for both him and KTM.

Mid 2000s

By 2004, the entry list had increased to 595, up from 358 in 2001, with a record 688 competitors starting in 2005.[8] Alongside Mitsubishi and Nissan, Volkswagen now boasted a full factory effort, while Schlesser's Ford-powered buggies and BMWs of the German X-raid team proved thorns in the side of the big budget works teams. The 2004 route was from Clermont-Ferrand to Dakar, and was the year Peterhansel emulated Hubert Auriol's feat of winning the rally on both two wheels and four. The Frenchman defended his title in 2005, when the rally began for the first time in Barcelona. In the bikes category, KTM continued their success with Nani Roma in 2004, who switched to the car category the following year, and Cyril Despres in 2005.

The 2006 event moved to Lisbon. Nissan pulled out having failed to provide effective opposition to Mitsubishi, who took a sixth consecutive victory, this time with former skiing champion Luc Alphand after Peterhansel committed a series of errors late in the rally.[12] Peterhansel made amends in 2007, however, taking his third title in the car category for Mitsubishi after a close contest with Alphand after the increasingly competitive Volkswagens retired with mechanical problems. In what would be the final African event of the Dakar, Despres took his second title in the bikes category, having conceded victory in 2006 to Marc Coma after suffering an injury.

Security concerns

The 2008 event, due to start in Lisbon, was cancelled on 4 January 2008 amid fears of terrorist attacks in Mauritania following the 2007 killing of four French tourists.[13] Chile and Argentina offered to host subsequent events,[14][15] which were later accepted by the ASO for the 2009 event.[16] The ASO also decided to establish the Dakar Series competition, whose first event was the 2008 Central Europe Rally, located in Hungary and Romania, which acted as a replacement for the cancelled 2008 edition of the Dakar.[13]

South America

The 2009 event, the first held in South America with a respectable 501 competitors, saw Volkswagen take its first win in the Dakar as a works entrant courtesy of Giniel de Villiers. Initially, Teammate and former WRC champion Carlos Sainz led the race comfortably until crashing out,[17] but went on to win the event in 2010. After a poor showing in 2009, Mitsubishi withdrew from the competition and left Volkswagen as the sole works entrant. The German marque won the race for a third time in 2011, this time with Nasser Al-Attiyah, before they withdrew to focus on their upcoming WRC entry and leaving the Dakar with no factory participants in the car class. In the bikes, Despres and Coma stretched KTM's incredible unbroken run of success. Both tied on three victories apiece after Coma's third win in 2011.

2018 rally in Peru

In the 2012 rally, the X-raid team came to the fore, now using Minis in lieu of BMWs. Peterhansel had joined the team in 2010 after Mitsubishi's departure, but had been unable to challenge the Volkswagen drivers. Following Volkswagen's withdrawal, Peterhansel was able to secure his fourth win in the car category and his tenth in total, his main opposition coming from within his own team. Peterhansel successfully defended his title in 2013 as the Damen Jefferies buggies of Sainz and Al-Attiyah failed to last the distance. Despres also racked up a further two wins for KTM in the bikes class in 2012 and 2013, bringing his tally to five, aided by Coma's absence due to injury in the latter year. Coma struck back on his return to the Dakar in 2014, taking a comfortable fourth title and a 13th in succession for KTM, whilst Nani Roma emulated Auriol and Peterhansel by taking his maiden title in the cars class a decade on from his victory on two wheels - albeit only after team orders by X-raid slowed down Peterhansel.[18]

Peugeot returned for the 2015 event with an all-new, diesel-powered, two-wheel drive contender, but failed to make an impact as X-raid's Minis once more dominated. Al-Attiyah won the event in his second year for the team, while Coma racked up a fifth title in the bikes after the defection of long-time rival Despres to the car class and Peugeot. Peugeot did however see success in 2016 with Peterhansel behind the wheel, racking up his 6th win in the car category, and again in 2017 and 2018 until Peugeot decide to officially leave the competition. In 2019 Toyota won for the first time with Nasser Al-Attiyah (in his third victory with three different manufacturers). The bike category saw the KTM works team rider, Australian Toby Price, take his first Dakar victory, winning his second title in 2019. Sam Sunderland and Matthias Walkner won the 2017 and 2018 edition also for the team from Mattighofen (18 overall victories as in 2019).

Vehicles and classes


The five competitive groups in the Dakar are the motorcycles, quads, the cars class (which ranges from buggies to small SUVs), UTVs, and the trucks class. Many vehicle manufacturers use the rally's harsh environment as both a testing ground and an opportunity to show off their vehicles' durability -although, in fact, most vehicles are heavily modified or even purpose-built.

Motorbikes

Rally Dakar 2016

As of 2011, the engine capacity limit for all motorbikes competing in the Dakar Rally is 450cc. Engines may be either single or twin cylinder. Riders are divided into two groups, "Elite" (Group 1) and Non-Elite (Group 2), with the latter subdivided into two further groups - the "Super Production" (Group 2.1) and "Marathon" (Group 2.2) classes. "Marathon" competitors are not permitted to change such key components as the engine (including the engine case, cylinders and cylinder heads), the frame, the forks or swinging arm, whereas those in the "Super Production" and "Elite" classes may replace these components.[19]

A subcategory is the "Original by Motul" category (formerly named "Malle Moto" due to the only piece of luggage competitors were allowed to take with them was a "malle", a French term for box or trunk.), which refers to motorbikes and quads competing without any kind assistance. The organization commits to play the role of an assistance team for the pilots of this category, this consists in 4 people dedicated to transport the competitors "malle" or boxes between Bivouac sites, as well as any additional equipment or belongings. This includes: 1 trunk, 1 set of wheels, 1 sleeping tent, 1 travel bag, 1 set of tyres, free use of the generators, compressors and tool-boxes, easy access to the race's information, among others allowed under this category. [20] Since these competitors are not allowed to receive any outside support, each rider must service their own vehicle. It is often called the category for the toughest of the tough, and one for the Dakar purists.[21]

KTM has dominated the motorcycle class in recent years, although Honda, Yamaha, Sherco, Husqvarna, and Gas Gas also compete currently. BMW and Cagiva have also enjoyed success in the past.

Quads

Prior to 2009, Quads were a subdivision of the motorbike category, but they were granted their own separate classification in 2009 and are designated Group 3 in the current regulations. They are divided into two subgroups - Group 3.1, which features two-wheel drive quads with a single cylinder engine with a maximum capacity of 750cc, and Group 3.2, which permits four-wheel drive quads with a maximum engine capacity of 900cc, in either single or twin cylinder layout.[19]

Yamaha are unbeaten in the Quad category since 2009, with their main current opposition coming courtesy of Honda and Can-Am.

Cars

Stéphane Peterhansel and Jean-Paul Cottret in an X-raid Mini ALL4 Racing during Rally Dakar 2013

The car class is made up of vehicles weighing less than 3,500 kg (7,716 lb), which are subdivided into several categories. The T1 Group is made up of "Improved Cross-Country Vehicles", subdivided according to engine type (petrol or diesel) and drive type (two-wheel or four-wheel drive). The T2 Group is made up of "Cross-Country Series Production Vehicles", which are subdivided into petrol and diesel categories, while the T3 Group is for "Light Vehicles". There is also an "Open" category catering for vehicles conforming to SCORE regulations.[22]

Mini have been the most successful marque in the car category in recent years, thanks to the efforts of the non-factory X-raid team, with limited involvement currently coming from Toyota, Ford and Haval. Several constructors also produce bespoke buggies for the event, most notably SMG and Damen Jefferies.

Mitsubishi is historically the most successful manufacturer in the car class, with Volkswagen, Citroen, Peugeot and Porsche having all tasted success in the past with factory teams. Jean-Louis Schlesser has also won the event twice with his Renault-supported buggies. Factory teams from Nissan and SEAT have also won stages, as has BMW, courtesy of the X-raid team.

Trucks

Vladimir Chagin, "The Tsar of Dakar", is the most successful truck driver

The Truck class (Group T4), first run as a separate category in 1980, is made up of vehicles weighing more than 3,500 kg (7,716 lb). Trucks participating in the competition are subdivided into "Series Production" trucks (T4.1) and "Modified" trucks (T4.2), whilst Group T4.3 (formerly known as T5) trucks are rally support trucks - meaning they travel from bivouac to bivouac to support the competition vehicles.[22] These were introduced to the rally in 1998. The truck event was not run in 1989 after it was decided the vehicles, by this stage with twin engines generating in excess of 1000 horsepower, were too dangerous following the death of a DAF crew member in an accident during the 1988 rally.[8]

Kamaz has dominated the truck category since the turn of the century, although it has come under increasing pressure from rivals such as Iveco, MAN, Renault, and Tatra, which enjoyed much success in the 1990s. Hino, DAF, Perlini, and Mercedes-Benz have also been among the winners in the past. In the 21st century Kamaz almost always won the truck class, winning fourteen out of eighteen times.

UTVs

The UTV category was introduced in 2017. Before this, UTV's (also called SxS, Side-by-side, SSV) ran under the car category as the T3 class. The class was rapidly gaining popularity, and in 2021 the class was further subdivided into separate T3 light prototypes category, and T4 SSVs, which are based on production vehicles.[23]

Classics

A new Dakar Classic class was introduced in 2021 for cars and trucks manufactured before 2000, or new vehicles built to original pre-2000 specification. These vehicles share the same bivouac and the organization but run in a parallel, yet different route, suitable for historic vehicles. The scoreboard is not based on fastest time, but rather on regularity rally point scoring system. The class feature a reduced entry fee, yet the same rules and fees apply for the assistance.[24]

List of winners


Cars, bikes and trucks

Year Route Cars Bikes Trucks
Driver
Co-driver
Make & model Rider Make & model Driver
Co-drivers
Make & model
2021 Jeddah
Ḥaʼil
Stéphane Peterhansel
Édouard Boulanger
Mini John Cooper Works Buggy Kevin Benavides Honda CRF 450 Rally Dmitry Sotnikov
Ruslan Amkhmadeev
Ilgiz Akhmetzianov
Kamaz 43509
2020 Jeddah
Riyadh
Qiddiya
Carlos Sainz
Lucas Cruz
Mini John Cooper Works Buggy Ricky Brabec Honda CRF 450 Rally Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Leonov
Kamaz 43509
2019 Lima
Lima
Nasser Al-Attiyah
Matthieu Baumel [fr]
Toyota Hilux Dakar Toby Price KTM 450 Rally Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz 43509
2018 Lima
La Paz
Córdoba
Carlos Sainz
Lucas Cruz
Peugeot 3008 DKR Maxi Matthias Walkner KTM 450 Rally Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz 4326-9 [ru]
2017 Asunción
La Paz
Buenos Aires
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Peugeot 3008 DKR Sam Sunderland KTM 450 Rally Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz 4326-9 [ru]
2016 Buenos Aires
Salta-
Rosario
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Peugeot 2008 DKR Toby Price KTM 450 Rally Gerard de Rooy
Moi Torrallardona
Darek Rodewald
Iveco PowerStar
2015 Buenos Aires
Iquique-
Buenos Aires
Nasser Al-Attiyah
Matthieu Baumel [fr]
Mini All 4 Racing Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Ayrat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Dmitriy Svistunov
Kamaz 4326-9 [ru]
2014 Rosario-
Salta
Valparaíso
Nani Roma
Michel Périn
Mini All 4 Racing Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Devyatkin
Kamaz 4326-9 [ru]
2013 Lima
Tucumán
Santiago
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mini All 4 Racing Cyril Despres KTM 450 Rally Eduard Nikolaev
Sergey Savostin
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz 4326-9 [ru]
2012 Mar del Plata
Arica
Lima
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mini All 4 Racing Cyril Despres KTM 450 Rally Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul [fr]
Darek Rodewald
Iveco PowerStar
2011 Buenos Aires–
Arica–
Buenos Aires
Nasser Al-Attiyah
Timo Gottschalk
Volkswagen Race Touareg 3 Marc Coma KTM 450 Rally Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Ildar Shaysultanov
Kamaz 4326-9 [ru]
2010 Buenos Aires
Antofagasta
Buenos Aires
Carlos Sainz
Lucas Cruz
Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Cyril Despres KTM 690 Rally Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Eduard Nikolaev
Kamaz 4326-9 [ru]
2009 Buenos Aires
Valparaiso
Buenos Aires
Giniel de Villiers
Dirk von Zitzewitz
Volkswagen Race Touareg 2 Marc Coma KTM 690 Rally Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz 4326-9 [ru]
2008 Cancelled
2007 LisbonDakar Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Cyril Despres KTM 690 Rally Hans Stacey
Charly Gotlib
Bernard der Kinderen
MAN TGA
2006 Lisbon–Dakar Luc Alphand
Gilles Picard [fr]
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Marc Coma KTM LC4 660R Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz 4911 [ru]
2005 Barcelona–Dakar Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Cyril Despres KTM LC4 660R Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz 4911 [ru]
2004 Clermont-Ferrand
Dakar
Stéphane Peterhansel
Jean-Paul Cottret
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Nani Roma KTM LC4 660R Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz 4911 [ru]
2003 Marseille
Sharm el Sheikh
Hiroshi Masuoka
Andreas Schulz
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Richard Sainct KTM LC4 660R Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz 4911 [ru]
2002 ArrasMadrid
Dakar
Hiroshi Masuoka
Pascal Maimon
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Fabrizio Meoni KTM LC8 950R Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz 49256 [ru]
2001 Paris–Dakar Jutta Kleinschmidt
Andreas Schulz
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Fabrizio Meoni KTM LC4 660R Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Petr Hamerla
Tatra 815
2000 Dakar–Cairo Jean-Louis Schlesser
Henri Magne [fr]
Buggy Schlesser Richard Sainct BMW F650RR Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz 49252 [ru]
1999 Granada–Dakar Jean-Louis Schlesser
Philippe Monnet
Buggy Schlesser Richard Sainct BMW F650RR Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra 815
1998 Paris–Granada–
Dakar
Jean-Pierre Fontenay [fr]
Gilles Picard [fr]
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Jan Cermak
Tatra 815
1997 Dakar–Agades
Dakar
Kenjiro Shinozuka
Henri Magne [fr]
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Peter Reif [fr]
Johann Deinhofer
Hino Ranger
1996 Granada–Dakar Pierre Lartigue
Michel Périn
Citroën ZX Edi Orioli Yamaha YZE 850T Viktor Moskovskikh [fr]
Anatoli Kouzmine
Nail Bagavetdinov
Kamaz 49252 [ru]
1995 Granada–Dakar Pierre Lartigue
Michel Périn
Citroën ZX Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Tomas Tomecek
Tatra 815
1994 Paris–Dakar–Paris Pierre Lartigue
Michel Périn
Citroën ZX Edi Orioli Cagiva Elefant [it] Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra 815
1993 Paris–Dakar Bruno Saby
Dominique Serieys
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Francesco Perlini [fr]
Giorgio Albiero
Claudio Vinante
Perlini 105F
1992 Paris–Sirte
Cape Town
Hubert Auriol
Philippe Monnet
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 850T Francesco Perlini [fr]
Giorgio Albiero
Claudio Vinante
Perlini 105F
1991 Paris–Tripoli
Dakar
Ari Vatanen
Bruno Berglund [fr]
Citroën ZX Stéphane Peterhansel Yamaha YZE 750T Jacques Houssat [fr]
Thierry de Saulieu
Danilo Bottaro
Perlini 105F
1990 Paris–Tripoli–
Dakar
Ari Vatanen
Bruno Berglund [fr]
Peugeot 405 T16 Edi Orioli Cagiva Elefant 900

[it]

Giorgio Villa [fr]
Giorgio Delfino
Claudio Vinante
Perlini 105F
1989 Paris–Tunis–Dakar Ari Vatanen
Bruno Berglund [fr]
Peugeot 405 T16 Gilles Lalay Honda NXR800V Not held
1988 Paris–Alger–Dakar Juha Kankkunen
Juha Piironen [fr]
Peugeot 205 T16 [fr] Edi Orioli Honda NXR800V Karel Loprais
Radomir Stachura
Tomas Muck
Tatra 815
1987 Paris-Alger–Dakar Ari Vatanen
Bernard Giroux [fr]
Peugeot 205 T16 [fr] Cyril Neveu Honda NXR750V Jan de Rooy [nl]
Yvo Geusens
Theo van de Rijt
DAF TurboTwin II
1986 Paris-Alger–Dakar René Metge
Dominique Lemoyne
Porsche 959 Cyril Neveu Honda NXR750V Giacomo Vismara [it]
Giulio Minelli
Mercedes-Benz U 1300 L
1985 Paris-Alger–Dakar Patrick Zaniroli [fr]
Jean da Silva [fr]
Mitsubishi Pajero Evolution Gaston Rahier BMW R80G/S Karl-Friedrich Capito [fr]
Jost Capito
Klaus Schweikarl
Mercedes-Benz 1936 AK
1984 Paris-Alger–Dakar René Metge
Dominique Lemoyne [fr]
Porsche 911 (953) Gaston Rahier BMW R80G/S Pierre Laleu [fr]
Daniel Durce
Patrick Venturini
Mercedes-Benz 1936 AK
1983 Paris-Alger–Dakar Jacky Ickx
Claude Brasseur
Mercedes 280 GE Hubert Auriol BMW R80G/S Georges Groine [fr]
Thierry de Saulieu [fr]
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz 1936 AK
1982 Paris-Alger–Dakar Claude Marreau [fr]
Bernard Marreau [fr]
Renault 20 Turbo 4X4 Cyril Neveu Honda XR550 Georges Groine [fr]
Thierry de Saulieu [fr]
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz U 1700 L
1981 Paris–Dakar René Metge
Bernard Giroux [fr]
Range Rover Hubert Auriol BMW R80G/S Adrien Villette [fr]
Henri Gabrelle
Alain Voillereau
ALM/ACMAT
1980 Paris–Dakar Freddy Kottulinsky
Gerd Löffelmann
Volkswagen Iltis Cyril Neveu Yamaha XT500 Miloud Ataouat [fr]
Hadj Daou Boukrif
Mahiedine Kaloua
Sonacome M210
1979 Paris–Dakar Alain Génestier
Joseph Terbiaut
Jean Lemordant
Range Rover Cyril Neveu Yamaha XT500 Jean-François Dunac
Jean-Pierre Chapel
François Beau
Pinzgauer

Quads and UTVs

Year Route Quads UTV's
Rider Make & model Driver
Co-drivers
Make & model
2021 Jeddah
Ḥaʼil
Manuel Andújar Yamaha Raptor 700 Francisco López Contardo
Juan Pablo Latrach Vinagre
Can-Am
2020 Jeddah
Riyadh
Qiddiya
Ignacio Casale Yamaha Raptor 700 Casey Currie
Sean Berriman
Can-Am Maverick
2019 Lima
Lima
Nicolás Cavigliasso Yamaha Raptor 700 Francisco López Contardo
Alvaro Quintanilla
Can-Am
2018 Lima
La Paz
Córdoba
Ignacio Casale Yamaha Raptor 700 Reinaldo Varela
Gustavo Gugelmin
Can-Am
2017 Asunción
La Paz
Buenos Aires
Sergey Karyakin Yamaha Raptor 700 Leandro Torres
Lourival Roldan
Polaris RZR 1000 XP
2016 Buenos Aires
Salta-
Rosario
Marcos Patronelli Yamaha Raptor 700 Not held
2015 Buenos Aires
Iquique-
Buenos Aires
Rafał Sonik Yamaha Raptor 700
2014 Rosario-
Salta
Valparaíso
Ignacio Casale Yamaha Raptor 700
2013 Lima
Tucumán
Santiago
Marcos Patronelli Yamaha Raptor 700
2012 Mar del Plata
Arica
Lima
Alejandro Patronelli Yamaha Raptor 700
2011 Buenos Aires–
Arica–
Buenos Aires
Alejandro Patronelli Yamaha Raptor 700
2010 Buenos Aires–
Antofagasta
Buenos Aires
Marcos Patronelli Yamaha Raptor 700
2009 Buenos Aires–
Valparaiso–
Buenos Aires
Josef Macháček Yamaha Raptor 700

Source:[25]

Light Prototypes and Classics

Year Route Light Prototypes Classics
Rider Make & model Driver
Co-drivers
Make & model
2021 Jeddah
Ḥaʼil
Josef Macháček Can-Am Marc Douton
Emilien Etienne
Sunhill Buggy

Source:[26]

Podium


Cars

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
DriverCar DriverCar DriverCar
1979 Alain GénestierRange Rover V8 Claude MarreauRenault 4 Sinpar Cesare GiraudoFiat Campagnola
1980 Freddy KottulinskyVolkswagen Iltis Patrick ZaniroliVolkswagen Iltis Claude MarreauRenault 4 Sinpar
1981 René MetgeRange Rover V8 Hervé CotelBuggy Cotel Jean-Claude BriavoineLada Niva
1982 Claude MarreauRenault 20 Turbo Jean-Claude BriavoineLada Niva Jean-Pierre JaussaudMercedes 280 GE
1983 Jacky IckxMercedes 280 GE André TrossatLada Niva Pierre LartigueRange Rover V8
1984 René MetgePorsche 911 Patrick ZaniroliRange Rover V8 Andrew CowanMitsubishi Pajero
1985 Patrick ZaniroliMitsubishi Pajero Andrew CowanMitsubishi Pajero Pierre FougerouseToyota FJ 60
1986 René MetgePorsche 959 Jacky IckxPorsche 959 Pascal RigalMitsubishi Pajero
1987 Ari VatanenPeugeot 205 Turbo 16 Patrick ZaniroliRange Rover V8 Kenjiro ShinozukaMitsubishi Pajero
1988 Juha KankkunenPeugeot 205 Turbo 16 Kenjiro ShinozukaMitsubishi Pajero Patrick TambayRange Rover V8
1989 Ari VatanenPeugeot 405 Turbo 16 Jacky IckxPeugeot 405 Turbo 16 Patrick TambayMitsubishi Pajero
1990 Ari VatanenPeugeot 405 Turbo 16 Björn WaldegårdPeugeot 405 Turbo 16 Alain AmbrosinoPeugeot 405 Turbo 16
1991 Ari VatanenCitroën ZX Rallye-Raid Pierre LartiguePeugeot 405 Turbo 16 Jean Pierre FontenayMitsubishi Pajero
1992 Hubert AuriolMitsubishi Pajero Erwin WeberMitsubishi Pajero Kenjiro ShinozukaMitsubishi Pajero
1993 Bruno SabyMitsubishi Pajero Pierre LartigueCitroën ZX Rallye-Raid Hubert AuriolCitroën ZX Rallye-Raid
1994 Pierre LartigueCitroën ZX Rallye-Raid Hubert AuriolCitroën ZX Rallye-Raid Philippe WambergueBuggy Bourgo
1995 Pierre LartigueCitroën ZX Rallye-Raid Bruno SabyMitsubishi Pajero Kenjiro ShinozukaMitsubishi Pajero
1996 Pierre LartigueCitroën ZX Rallye-Raid Philippe WambergueCitroën ZX Rallye-Raid Jean Pierre FontenayMitsubishi Pajero
1997 Kenjiro ShinozukaMitsubishi Pajero Jean-Pierre FontenayMitsubishi Pajero Bruno SabyMitsubishi Pajero
1998 Jean-Pierre FontenayMitsubishi Pajero Kenjiro ShinozukaMitsubishi Pajero Bruno SabyMitsubishi Pajero
1999 Jean-Louis SchlesserBuggy Schlesser Miguel PrietoMitsubishi Pajero Jutta KleinschmidtMitsubishi Pajero
2000 Jean-Louis SchlesserBuggy Schlesser Stéphane PeterhanselMega Desert Jean-Pierre FontenayMitsubishi Pajero
2001 Jutta KleinschmidtMitsubishi Pajero Hiroshi MasuokaMitsubishi Pajero Jean-Louis SchlesserBuggy Schlesser
2002 Hiroshi MasuokaMitsubishi Pajero Jutta KleinschmidtMitsubishi Pajero Kenjiro ShinozukaMitsubishi Pajero
2003 Hiroshi MasuokaMitsubishi Pajero Jean-Pierre FontenayMitsubishi Pajero Stéphane PeterhanselMitsubishi Pajero
2004 Stéphane PeterhanselMitsubishi Pajero Hiroshi MasuokaMitsubishi Pajero Jean-Louis SchlesserBuggy Schlesser
2005 Stéphane PeterhanselMitsubishi Pajero Luc AlphandMitsubishi Pajero Jutta KleinschmidtVolkswagen Race Touareg 2
2006 Luc AlphandMitsubishi Pajero Giniel de VilliersVolkswagen Race Touareg 2 Nani RomaMitsubishi Pajero
2007 Stéphane PeterhanselMitsubishi Pajero Luc AlphandMitsubishi Pajero Jean-Louis SchlesserBuggy Schlesser
2008 See Central Europe Rally
2009 Giniel de VilliersVolkswagen Race Touareg 2 Mark MillerVolkswagen Race Touareg 2 Robby GordonHummer H3
2010 Carlos SainzVolkswagen Race Touareg 2 Nasser Al-AttiyahVolkswagen Race Touareg 2 Mark MillerVolkswagen Race Touareg 2
2011 Nasser Al-AttiyahVolkswagen Race Touareg 3 Giniel de VilliersVolkswagen Race Touareg 3 Carlos SainzVolkswagen Race Touareg 3
2012 Stéphane PeterhanselMini All4 Racing Nani RomaMini All4 Racing Giniel de VilliersToyota Hilux Dakar
2013 Stéphane PeterhanselMini All4 Racing Giniel de VilliersToyota Hilux Dakar Leonid NovitskiyMini All4 Racing
2014 Nani RomaMini All4 Racing Stéphane PeterhanselMini All4 Racing Nasser Al-AttiyahMini All4 Racing
2015 Nasser Al-AttiyahMini All4 Racing Giniel de VilliersToyota Hilux Dakar Krzysztof HołowczycMini All4 Racing
2016 Stéphane PeterhanselPeugeot 2008 DKR Nasser Al-AttiyahMini All4 Racing Giniel de VilliersToyota Hilux Dakar
2017 Stéphane PeterhanselPeugeot 3008 DKR Sébastien LoebPeugeot 3008 DKR Cyril DespresPeugeot 3008 DKR
2018 Carlos SainzPeugeot 3008 DKR Nasser Al-AttiyahToyota Hilux Dakar Giniel de VilliersToyota Hilux Dakar
2019 Nasser Al-AttiyahToyota Hilux Dakar Nani RomaMini All4 Racing Sébastien LoebPeugeot 3008 DKR
2020 Carlos SainzMini John Cooper Works Buggy Nasser Al-AttiyahToyota Hilux Dakar Stéphane PeterhanselMini John Cooper Works Buggy
2021 Stéphane PeterhanselMini John Cooper Works Buggy Nasser Al-AttiyahToyota Hilux Dakar Carlos SainzMini John Cooper Works Buggy

Bikes

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
DriverBike DriverBike DriverBike
1979 Cyril NeveuYamaha XT 500 Gilles ComteYamaha XT 500 Philippe VassardHonda XL 250
1980 Cyril NeveuYamaha XT 500 Michel MerelYamaha XT 500 Jean-Noël PineauYamaha XT 500
1981 Hubert AuriolBMW R80 G/S Serge BacouYamaha XT 500 Michel MerelYamaha XT 500
1982 Cyril NeveuHonda XR 550 Philippe VassardHonda XR 550 Grégoire VerhaegheBarigo 500
1983 Hubert AuriolBMW R80 G/S Patrick DrobecqHonda XR 600 Marc JoineauSuzuki DR 500
1984 Gaston RahierBMW R80 G/S Hubert AuriolBMW R80 G/S Philippe VassardHonda XLR 600
1985 Gaston RahierBMW R80 G/S Jean-Claude OlivierYamaha 660 Proto Franco PiccoYamaha 600 XT
1986 Cyril NeveuHonda NXR 780 Gilles LalayHonda NXR 780 Andrea BalestrieriHonda XL 600
1987 Cyril NeveuHonda NXR 750 Edi OrioliHonda XL 600 Gaston RahierBMW R80 GS
1988 Edi OrioliHonda NXR 800V Franco PiccoYamaha YZE 750 Gilles LalayHonda NXR 750
1989 Gilles LalayHonda NXR 800V Franco PiccoYamaha YZE 750 Marc MoralesHonda NXR 750
1990 Edi OrioliCagiva Elefant 900 Carlos MasYamaha YZE 750 Alessandro De PetriCagiva Elefant 900
1991 Stéphane PeterhanselYamaha YZE 750T Gilles LalayYamaha YZE 750T Thierry MagnaldiYamaha YZE 750T
1992 Stéphane PeterhanselYamaha YZE 850T Danny LaPorteCagiva Elefant 900 Jordi ArcaronsCagiva Elefant 900
1993 Stéphane PeterhanselYamaha YZE 850T Thierry CharbonnierYamaha YZE 850T Jordi ArcaronsYamaha YZE 850T
1994 Edi OrioliCagiva Elefant 900 Jordi ArcaronsCagiva Elefant 900 Fabrizio MeoniHonda EXP-2
1995 Stéphane PeterhanselYamaha YZE 850T Jordi ArcaronsCagiva Elefant 900 Edi OrioliCagiva Elefant 900
1996 Edi OrioliYamaha YZE 850T Jordi ArcaronsKTM LC4 Carlos SoteloKTM LC4
1997 Stéphane PeterhanselYamaha YZE 850T Oscar GallardoCagiva Elefant 900 David CasteraYamaha YZE 850T
1998 Stéphane PeterhanselYamaha YZE 850T Fabrizio MeoniKTM LC4 Andy HaydonKTM LC4
1999 Richard SainctBMW F650 RR Thierry MagnaldiKTM LC4 Alfie CoxKTM LC4
2000 Richard SainctBMW F650 RR Oscar GallardoBMW F650 RR Jimmy LewisBMW R900 GS
2001 Fabrizio MeoniKTM LC4 660R Jordi ArcaronsKTM LC4 660R Carlo de GavardoKTM LC4 660R
2002 Fabrizio MeoniKTM LC8 950R Alfie CoxKTM LC4 660R Richard SainctKTM LC4 660R
2003 Richard SainctKTM LC4 660R Cyril DespresKTM LC4 660R Fabrizio MeoniKTM LC8 950R
2004 Nani RomaKTM LC4 660R Richard SainctKTM LC4 660R Cyril DespresKTM LC4 660R
2005 Cyril DespresKTM LC4 660R Marc ComaKTM LC4 660R Alfie CoxKTM LC4 660R
2006 Marc ComaKTM LC4 660R Cyril DespresKTM LC4 660R Giovanni SalaKTM LC4 660R
2007 Cyril DespresKTM 690 Rally David CasteuKTM 690 Rally Chris BlaisKTM 660 Rally
2008 See Central Europe Rally
2009 Marc ComaKTM 690 Rally Cyril DespresKTM 690 Rally David FrétignéYamaha WR 450
2010 Cyril DespresKTM 690 Rally Pål Anders UllevålseterKTM 690 Rally Francisco LópezAprilia RXV 450
2011 Marc ComaKTM 450 Rally Cyril DespresKTM 450 Rally Hélder RodriguesYamaha WR 450F
2012 Cyril DespresKTM 450 Rally Marc ComaKTM 450 Rally Hélder RodriguesYamaha WR 450F
2013 Cyril DespresKTM 450 Rally Ruben FariaKTM 450 Rally Francisco LópezKTM 450 Rally
2014 Marc ComaKTM 450 Rally Jordi ViladomsKTM 450 Rally Olivier PainYamaha WR 450F
2015 Marc ComaKTM 450 Rally Paulo GonçalvesHonda CRF 450 Toby PriceKTM 450 Rally
2016 Toby PriceKTM 450 Rally Štefan SvitkoKTM 450 Rally Pablo QuintanillaHusqvarna FR 450
2017 Sam SunderlandKTM 450 Rally Matthias WalknerKTM 450 Rally Gerard FarrésKTM 450 Rally
2018 Matthias WalknerKTM 450 Rally Kevin BenavidesHonda CRF 450 Toby PriceKTM 450 Rally
2019 Toby PriceKTM 450 Rally Matthias WalknerKTM 450 Rally Sam SunderlandKTM 450 Rally
2020 Ricky BrabecHonda CRF 450 Rally Pablo QuintanillaHusqvarna FR 450 Toby PriceKTM 450 Rally
2021 Kevin BenavidesHonda CRF 450 Rally Ricky BrabecHonda CRF 450 Rally Sam SunderlandKTM 450 Rally

Trucks

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
CrewTruck CrewTruck CrewTruck
1979 Jean-François Dunac
Jean-Pierre Chapel
François Beau
Pinzgauer Daniel Petit
Françis Mare
UNIC Alain Mekki
Jean Neault
UNIC
1980 Miloud Ataouat
Hadj Daou Boukrif
Mahiedine Kaloua
Sonacome Bernard Heu
Daniel Delobel
Gilbert Versino
MAN Mokran Bouzid
Daid
Mekhelef
Sonacome
1981 Adrien Villette
Henri Gabrelle
Alain Voillereau
ALM-ACMAT Jacques Briy
Jean Salou
Gustave Peu
Ford Georges Groine
Thierry de Saulieu
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz
1982 Georges Groine
Thierry de Saulieu
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz Pierre Laleu
Bernard Langlois
Mercedes-Benz Jan de Rooy
Gérard Straetmans
DAF
1983 Georges Groine
Thierry de Saulieu
Bernard Malferiol
Mercedes-Benz Hasse Henriksson
Sture Bernhardsson
John Granäng
Volvo C303 Jan de Rooy
Joop Roggeband
Yvo Geusens
DAF
1984 Pierre Laleu
Daniel Durce
Patrick Venturini
Mercedes-Benz Paolo Bonera
Valerio Grassi
Paolo Travaglia
Mercedes-Benz Henri Gabrelle
Alain Voillereau
Adolf Dirl
MAN
1985 Karl Friedrich Capito
Jost Capito
Klaus Schweikarl
Mercedes-Benz Jan de Rooy
Thierry de Saulieu
Martinus Ketelaars
DAF Karl Wilhelm Strohmann
Volker Capito
Heinz Schnepf
Mercedes-Benz
1986 Giacomo Vismara
Giulio Minelli
Mercedes-Benz Hans Heyer
Winkler
MAN Salvador Cañellas
Ferran
Pegaso
1987 Jan de Rooy
Geusens
DAF Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Jaroslav Krpec
Tatra Jiří Moskal
Jaroslav Joklík
Pavel Záleský
LIAZ
1988 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Tomáš Mück
Tatra Jiří Moskal
František Vojtíšek
Pavel Záleský
LIAZ Lutz Bernau
Bartman
Kluge
Tatra
1989 Category not held
1990 Giorgio Villa
Giorgio Delfino
Claudio Vinante
Perlini Jacques Houssat
Thierry De Saulieu
Danilo Bottaro
Perlini Zdeněk Kahánek
Jaroslav Krpec
Havlík
Tatra
1991 Jacques Houssat
Thierry de Saulieu
Danilo Bottaro
Perlini Joel Tammeka
Juhan Anupõld
Enno Piirsalu
Kamaz Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Radomír Stachura
Tatra
1992 Francesco Perlini
Giorgio Albiero
Claudio Vinante
Perlini Jacques Houssat
Thierry de Saulieu
Danilo Bottaro
Perlini Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Radomír Stachura
Tatra
1993 Francesco Perlini
Giorgio Albiero
Claudio Vinante
Perlini Jacques Houssat
Sarlieve
Diamante
Perlini Gilbert Versino
Gimbre
Versino
Mercedes-Benz
1994 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Shibata
Hino Jacques Marvy
Pons
Dujon
Perlini
1995 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Shibata
Hino Vlastimil Buchtyár
Milan Kořený
Jaroslav Krpec
Tatra
1996 Viktor Moskovskikh
Anatoly Kuzmin
Nail Bagavetdinov
Kamaz Karel Loprais
Tomáš Tomeček
Radomír Stachura
Tatra Ladislav Fajtl
Jiří Janoušek
František Wurst
Tatra
1997 Peter Reif
Johann Deinhofer Roth
Hino Yoshimasa Sugawara
Naoko Matsumoto
Katsumi Hamura
Hino Yoshimasa Sugawara
Jean-Christophe Wagner
Takeshi Hashimoto
Hino
1998 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Jan Čermák
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Naoko Matsumoto
Takashi Ushioda
Hino Milan Kořený
Jaroslav Lamač
Martin Kahánek
Tatra
1999 Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Josef Kalina
Tatra Viktor Moskovskikh
Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Kamaz André de Azevedo
Tomáš Tomeček
Leilane Neubarth
Tatra
2000 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz Karel Loprais
Radomír Stachura
Petr Gilar
Tatra Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Vladimir Goloub
Kamaz
2001 Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Petr Hamerla
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Seiichi Suzuki
Teruhito Sugawara
Hino Peter Reif
Gunther Pichlbauer
Holger Hermann Roth
MAN
2002 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz Karel Loprais
Josef Kalina
Petr Hamerla
Tatra Yoshimasa Sugawara
Naoko Matsumoto
Seiichi Suzuki
Hino
2003 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz André de Azevedo
Tomáš Tomeček
Jaromír Martinec
Tatra Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Ilgizar Mardeev
Kamaz
2004 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Dzhamil Kamalov
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Arno Slaats
DAF
2005 Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz Yoshimasa Sugawara
Katsumi Hamura
Hino Giacomo Vismara
Mario Cambiaghi
Claudio Bellina
Mercedes-Benz
2006 Vladimir Chagin
Semen Yakubov
Sergey Savostin
Kamaz Hans Stacey
Charly Gotlib
Bernard der Kinderen
MAN Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz
2007 Hans Stacey
Charly Gotlib
Bernard der Kinderen
MAN Ilgizar Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Eduard Nikolaev
Kamaz Aleš Loprais
Petr Gilar
Tatra
2008 See Central Europe Rally
2009 Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Eduard Nikolaev
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Marcel van Melis
GINAF
2010 Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Eduard Nikolaev
Kamaz Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz Marcel van Vliet
Herman Vaanholt
Gerard van Veenendaal
GINAF
2011 Vladimir Chagin
Sergey Savostin
Ildar Shaysultanov
Kamaz Firdaus Kabirov
Aydar Belyaev
Andrey Mokeev
Kamaz Eduard Nikolaev
Viatcheslav Mizyukaev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz
2012 Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Dariusz Rodewald
Iveco Hans Stacey
Hans van Goor
Bernard der Kinderen
Iveco Artur Ardavichus
Alexey Kuzmich
Nurlan Turlubaev
Kamaz
2013 Eduard Nikolaev
Sergey Savostin
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Airat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Anton Mirniy
Kamaz Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Devyatkin
Kamaz
2014 Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Devyatkin
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Tom Colsoul
Darek Rodewald
Iveco Eduard Nikolaev
Sergey Savostin
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz
2015 Airat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Dmitriy Svistunov
Kamaz Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Leonov
Kamaz
2016 Gerard de Rooy
Moisès Torrallardona
Darek Rodewald
Iveco Airat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Dmitriy Svistunov
Kamaz Federico Villagra
Jorge Pérez Companc
Andrés Memi
Iveco
2017 Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Dmitry Sotnikov
Ruslan Akhmadeev
Igor Leonov
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Moisès Torrallardona
Darek Rodewald
Iveco
2018 Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Siarhei Viazovich
Pavel Haranin
Andrei Zhyhulin
MAZ Airat Mardeev
Aydar Belyaev
Dmitriy Svistunov
Kamaz
2019 Eduard Nikolaev
Evgeny Yakovlev
Vladimir Rybakov
Kamaz Dmitry Sotnikov
Dmitry Nikitin
Ilnur Mustafin
Kamaz Gerard de Rooy
Moisès Torrallardona
Darek Rodewald
Iveco
2020 Andrey Karginov
Andrey Mokeev
Igor Leonov
Kamaz Anton Shibalov
Dmitry Nikitin
Ivan Tatarinov
Kamaz Siarhei Viazovich
Pavel Haranin
Anton Zaparoshchanka
MAZ
2021 Dmitry Sotnikov
Ruslan Akhamadeev
Ilgiz Akhmetzianov
Kamaz Anton Shibalov
Dmitri Nikitin
Ivan Tatarinov
Kamaz Airat Mardeev
Dmitry Svistunov
Akhmet Galiautdinov
Kamaz

Quads

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
RiderQuad RiderQuad RiderQuad
2009 Josef MacháčekYamaha Marcos PatronelliCan-Am Rafał SonikYamaha
2010 Marcos PatronelliYamaha Alejandro PatronelliYamaha Juan Manuel GonzálezYamaha
2011 Alejandro PatronelliYamaha Sebastián HalpernYamaha Łukasz ŁaskawiecYamaha
2012 Alejandro PatronelliYamaha Marcos PatronelliYamaha Tomas MaffeiYamaha
2013 Marcos PatronelliYamaha Ignacio CasaleYamaha Rafał SonikYamaha
2014 Ignacio CasaleYamaha Rafał SonikYamaha Sebastian HusseiniHonda
2015 Rafał SonikYamaha Jeremías GonzálezYamaha Walter NosigliaHonda
2016 Marcos PatronelliYamaha Alejandro PatronelliYamaha Brian BaragwanathYamaha
2017 Sergey KaryakinYamaha Ignacio CasaleYamaha Pablo CopettiYamaha
2018 Ignacio CasaleYamaha Nicolás CavigliassoYamaha Jeremías GonzálezYamaha
2019 Nicolás CavigliassoYamaha Jeremías GonzálezYamaha Gustavo GallegoYamaha
2020 Ignacio CasaleYamaha Simon VitseYamaha Rafał SonikYamaha
2021 Manuel AndújarYamaha Giovanni EnricoYamaha Pablo CopettiYamaha

UTV's

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
CrewUTV CrewUTV CrewUTV
2017 Leandro Torres
Lourival Roldan
Polaris Wang Fujiang
Li Wei
Polaris Ravil Maganov
Kirill Shubin
Polaris
2018 Reinaldo Varela
Gustavo Gugelmin
Can-Am Patrice Garrouste
Steven Griener
Polaris Claude Fournier [fr]
Szymon Gospodarczyk
Polaris
2019 Francisco López Contardo
Alvaro Quintanilla
Can-Am Gerard Farrés
Daniel Oliveras
Can-Am Reinaldo Varela
Gustavo Gugelmin
Can-Am
2020 Casey Currie
Sean Berriman
Can-Am Sergey Karyakin
Anton Vlasiuk
Can-Am Francisco López Contardo
Juan Pablo Latrach Vinagre
Can-Am
2021 Francisco Lopez Contardo
Juan Pablo Latrach Vinagre
Can-Am Austin Jones
Gustavo Gugelmin
Can-Am Aron Domżała [pl]
Maciej Marton
Can-Am

Light Prototypes

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
CrewMake CrewMake CrewMake
2021 Josef Macháček
Pavel Vyoral
Can-Am Camelia Liparoti
Annett Fischer
Yamaha Philippe Pinchedez
Vincent Ferri
Pinch Racing

Classics

Year 1st 2nd 3rd
CrewMake CrewMake CrewMake
2021 Marc Douton
Emilien Etienne
Sunhill Buggy Juan Donatiu
Pere Serrat Puig
Mitsubishi Montero Lilian Harichoury
Luc Fertin
Laurent Correia
Renault Trucks

Records


Television coverage


The rally is broadcast on television in more than 190 different countries. A live feed of the event and a roundup of each day's race progress is made into a 26-minute programme.[27] This has been commentated on by Toby Moody for ten years, and more recently by Neil Cole.[28][citation needed]

The rally organizers and their television crews provide 20 edit stations along the route for various countries to produce their own programmes about the rally. There are four TV helicopters, six stage cameras, and three bivouac crews to make over 1,000 hours of TV over the two-week period.[citation needed]

A 2006 television documentary Race to Dakar described the experiences of a team, including the English actor Charley Boorman, in preparation for and entry into the 2006 Dakar Rally.[29]

Video games


Release date Title Genre Platform Developer Publisher
1988 Paris-Dakar Rally Special Rally Famicom ISCO CBS/Sony Group
2001 Paris-Dakar Rally Rally Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 2 Broadsword Interactive Acclaim Entertainment
2003 Dakar 2: The World's Ultimate Rally Rally PlayStation 2, Xbox, Gamecube Acclaim Studios Cheltenham Acclaim Entertainment
2018 Dakar 18 Rally Microsoft Windows, PlayStation 4, Xbox One Bigmoon Entertainment Deep Silver

Incidents


In 1982, Mark Thatcher, son of the then British Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher, along with his French co-driver Anne-Charlotte Verney and their mechanic, disappeared for six days. On 9 January, the trio became separated from a convoy of vehicles after they stopped to make repairs to a faulty steering arm. They were declared missing on 12 January. After a large-scale search was instigated, an Algerian military Lockheed L-100 (a version of the C-130 Hercules) search plane spotted their white Peugeot 504 some 50 kilometres (31 mi) off course. Thatcher, Verney, and the mechanic were all unharmed.

The organiser of the rally, Thierry Sabine, was killed when his Ecureuil helicopter ("Squirrel-copter") crashed at 7:30 p.m. on Tuesday 14 January 1986, into a dune at Mali during a sudden sand-storm. Also killed onboard was the singer-songwriter Daniel Balavoine, helicopter pilot François-Xavier Bagnoud, journalist Nathalie Odent, and Jean-Paul Lefur who was a radiophonic engineer for French radio broadcaster RTL (formerly Radio Luxembourg).[30]

Six people were killed during the 1988 race, three participants and three local residents. In one incident, Baye Sibi, a 10-year-old Malian girl, was killed by a racer while she crossed a road. A film crew's vehicle killed a mother and daughter in Mauritania on the last day of the race. The race participants killed, in three separate crashes, were a Dutch navigator on the DAF Trucks team, a French privateer, and a French rider. Racers were also blamed for starting a wildfire that caused a panic on a train running between Dakar and Bamako, where three more people were killed.[31]

In 2003, French driver Daniel Nebot both rolled and crashed his Toyota heavily at high speed killing his co-driver Bruno Cauvy.[32][33]

In 2005, Spanish motorcyclist José Manuel Pérez died in a Spanish hospital on Monday 10 January after crashing the week before on the 7th stage. Italian motorcyclist Fabrizio Meoni, a two-time winner of the event, became the second Dakar Rally rider to die in two days, following Pérez on 11 January on stage 11. Meoni was the 11th motorcyclist and the 45th person overall to die in the history of the race. On 13 January a five-year-old Senegalese girl was hit and killed by a service lorry after wandering onto a main road, bringing the total deaths to five.

In 2006, 41-year-old Australian KTM motorcyclist Andy Caldecott, in his third time in the Dakar, died on 9 January as a result of neck injuries sustained in a crash approximately 250 kilometres (160 mi) into stage 9, between Nouakchott and Kiffa, only a few kilometers (miles) from the location where Meoni had his fatal wreck the year before. He won the third stage of the 2006 event between Nador and Er Rachidia only a few days before his death. The death occurred despite efforts by the event organisers to improve competitor safety, including limiting speed, mandatory rest at fuel stops, and reduced fuel capacity requirements for the bike classes. On 13 January a 10-year-old boy died while crossing the course after being hit by a car driven by Latvian Māris Saukāns, while on 14 January a 12-year-old boy was killed after being hit by a support lorry.[34]

In 2007, 29-year-old South African motor racer Elmer Symons died of injuries sustained in a crash during the fourth stage of the Rally. Symons crashed with his bike in the desert between Er Rachidia and Ouarzazate, Morocco.[35] Another death occurred on 20 January, the night before the race's finish, when 42-year-old motorcyclist Eric Aubijoux died suddenly. The cause of death was initially believed to be a heart attack,[36] but it was later suggested that Aubijoux had died of internal injuries sustained in a crash earlier that day while competing in the 14th stage of the race.

The 2008 Dakar Rally was cancelled due to security concerns after al-Qaeda's murder of four French tourists on Christmas Eve in December 2007 in Mauritania (a country in which the rally spent eight days), various accusations against the rally calling it "neo-colonialist", and al-Qaeda's accusations against Mauritania calling it a supporter of "crusaders, apostates and infidels". The French-based Amaury Sport Organisation in charge of the 6,000-kilometre (3,700 mi) rally said in a statement that they had been advised by the French government to cancel the race, which had been due to begin on 5 January 2008 from Lisbon. They said direct threats had also been made against the event by al-Qaeda related organisations.[37][38]

Omar Osama bin Laden, the son of Osama bin Laden, attracted news coverage in 2008 by promoting himself as an "ambassador of peace" and proposing a 3,000-mile (4,800 km) horse race across North Africa as a replacement to the Dakar Rally, with sponsors' money going to support child victims of war, saying "I heard the rally was stopped because of al-Qaida. I don't think they are going to stop me."[39]

On 7 January 2009, the body of 49-year-old motorcyclist Pascal Terry from France was found. He had been missing for three days and his body lay on a remote part of the second stage between Santa Rosa de la Pampa and Puerto Madryn.

On 4 January 2010, a woman watching the Dakar Rally was killed when a vehicle taking part in the race veered off the course and hit her during the opening stage.

On 1 January 2012, motorcyclist Jorge Martinez Boero of Argentina died after suffering a cardiac arrest after a fall. He was treated by medical staff within five minutes of the accident, but died on the way to hospital.

On 7 January 2015, motorcycle rider Michal Hernik died in unknown circumstances during Stage 3 of the 2015 rally.[40] On 12 January 2020, Portuguese motorcycle rider Paulo Gonçalves died after suffering a heart attack due to a crash on the seventh stage.[41]

On 15 January 2021, motorcyclist Pierre Cherpin of France died. The 52-year-old Frenchman fell off his motorcycle on 10 January 2021. a Rescue team in a helicopter found him unconscious in the desert. He was rushed to a hospital in Saudi Arabia where he was treated for his injuries. He sustained serious head injuries & cracked ribs, one of his lungs also collapsed. Cherpin underwent emergency neurosurgery and was placed in an artificial coma. Doctors were initially optimistic about his recovery path and there were no complications after the surgery. He died during the medical transfer from Jeddah to France.

Overall, 76 people, including 31 competitors, have died in the Dakar Rally.

Criticism


When the race was held in Africa, it was subject to criticism from several sources, generally focusing on the race's impact on the inhabitants of the African countries through which it passed. Some African residents along the race's course in previous years have said they saw limited benefits from the race; that race participants spent little money on the goods and services local residents can offer. The racers produced substantial amounts of dust along the course, and were blamed for hitting and killing livestock, in addition to occasionally injuring or killing people.[42]

After the 1988 race, when three Africans were killed in collisions with vehicles involved in the race, PANA, a Dakar-based news agency, wrote that the deaths were "insignificant for the [race's] organisers". The Vatican City newspaper L'Osservatore Romano called the race a "vulgar display of power and wealth in places where men continue to die from hunger and thirst."[43] During a 2002 protest at the race's start in Arras, France, a Green Party of France statement described the race as "colonialism that needs to be eradicated".[44]

The rally was criticised before 2000 for crossing through the disputed territory of Western Sahara, which has been occupied by Morocco since 1975, without the approval of the Polisario Front separatist movement, which considers itself the representative of the indigenous Sahrawi people.[45][46] After the race officials gained formal permission from the Polisario from 2000 onwards this ceased to be an issue.[47]

The environmental impact of the race has been another area of criticism. This criticism of the race is the topic of the song "500 connards sur la ligne de départ" ("500 Arseholes at the Starting Line"), on the 1991 album Marchand de cailloux by French singer Renaud. In 2014, the Dakar rally was criticized for damage done to archaeological sites in Chile.[48]

The move to Saudi Arabia for the 2020 Dakar Rally was under heavy criticism because of the situation of Human rights in Saudi Arabia and the position of women in that country.[49]

Despite the criticism from human rights organizations against the choice of host country for the 2020 season, the Dakar Rally was organized in Saudi Arabia for another consecutive year. While it was being denounced as an attempt of sportswashing by Saudi Arabia, the organizers defended the decision.[50]

See also


References


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