Dalian

Dalian /ˌdɑːljɑːn/[6] is a major sub-provincial port city in Liaoning province, People's Republic of China,[7] and is Liaoning's second largest city (after the provincial capital Shenyang) and the fourth-most populous city of Northeast China. Located on the southern tip of Liaodong peninsula, it is the southernmost city in both Liaoning and the entire Northeast. Dalian borders the prefectural cities of Yingkou and Anshan to the north and Dandong to the northeast, and also shares maritime boundaries with Qinhuangdao and Huludao across the Liaodong Bay to west and northwest, Yantai and Weihai on the Shandong peninsula across the Bohai Strait to the south, and North Korea across the Korea Bay to the east.

Dalian
大连市
Clockwise from top: Skyline of Qingniwa CBD, Zhongshan Square, aerial view of Dalian, International Conference Center, Xinghai Square
Location of Dalian City jurisdiction in Liaoning
Dalian
Location of the city center in Liaoning
Dalian
Location of the city center in China
Coordinates (Dalian municipal government): 38°54′N 121°36′E
CountryChina
ProvinceLiaoning
Settled1899
Transfer of sovereignty to Japan (Treaty of Shimonoseki)17 April 1895
Russian occupation

Japanese occupation
3 March 1898 – 2 January 1905
1905 – 15 August 1945
– Transfer of sovereignty to China16 April 1955
Municipal seatXigang District
County-level divisions7 districts, 2 county cities, 1 county
Government
  TypeSub-provincial city
  BodyDalian Municipal People's Congress
  CCP SecretaryHu Yuting
  Congress ChairmanXiao Shengfeng
  MayorChen Shaowang
  CPPCC ChairmanWang Qiyao
Area
  Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city13,237 km2 (5,111 sq mi)
  Land12,573.85 km2 (4,854.79 sq mi)
  Urban
 (2017)[1]
1,523.00 km2 (588.03 sq mi)
  Districts[1]5,244.0 km2 (2,024.7 sq mi)
Elevation
29 m (95 ft)
Population
 (2010 census)[2]
  Prefecture-level & Sub-provincial city6,690,432
  Density532.09/km2 (1,378.1/sq mi)
  Urban
 (2017)[1]
4,009,700
  Hukou population (2014)
5,943,000[3]
  Districts[1]
4,607,000
GDP (nominal)
 2016[3]
  TotalCNY 823.42 billion
USD 119.76 billion
  Per capitaCNY 117,850
USD 17,141
  Growth 6.5%
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
116000
Area code(s)0411
ISO 3166 codeCN-LN-02
Vehicle registration辽B
Division code210200
HDI (2011)0.86 – very high[4]
Coastline1,906 km (1,184 mi) (excluding islands)
City flowerChina rose
City treeDragon juniper
Websitewww.dl.gov.cn
Dalian
"Dalian" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese characters
Chinese name
Simplified Chinese大连
Traditional Chinese大連
PostalDalny (1898–1905)
Dairen (1905–1945)
Literal meaning"Great Connection"
Lüda (1950–1981)
Chinese旅大
PostalLuta
Korean name
Hangul대련
Hanja大連
Japanese name
Kanji大連
Hiraganaだいれん
External video
Dalian Aerial Photography
Dalian Aerial Photography by New China TV, 2019.[5]

Today a financial, shipping, and logistics center for East Asia, Dalian has a significant history of being used by foreign powers for its ports. Dalian was previously known as both "Dalniy"[8] (Russian: Дальний; Dal'nii) and "Dairen" (Japanese: 大連). However, the city used to be better known as "Port Arthur" and "Ryojun" (Japanese: 旅順) from the original Port Arthur, now the city's Lüshunkou district.

In 2016, Dalian ranked 48th in the Global Financial Centres Index.[9] In 2012, Dalian ranked 82nd in the Global City Competitiveness Index.[10] In 2006, Dalian was named China's most livable city by China Daily.[11] It is now a "Beta - Global City" according to the Globalization and World Cities Research Network.[12]

Dalian is also one of the top 100 science cities in the world by scientific research as tracked by the Nature Index.[13] The city is home to several major universities, notably Dalian University of Technology and Dalian Maritime University, members of China's prestigious universities in the Project 211, and the Dalian Institute of Chemical Physics of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.