De Croo Government

The De Croo Government is the incumbent Federal Government of Belgium, led by Prime Minister Alexander De Croo since 1 October 2020. The coalition is characterized for having a large number of political parties, including from the left and the right.

De Croo Government

98th Cabinet of Belgium (since 1830)
Date formed1 October 2020
People and organisations
Head of statePhilippe of Belgium
Head of governmentAlexander De Croo
No. of ministers15
Member parties
Status in legislature
  • Majority coalition
  • 87 / 150
Opposition parties
Election(s)2019 Belgian federal election
Legislature term(s)20192024
PredecessorWilmès II
Distribution of seats in the Chamber of Representatives.


The creation of the De Croo Government occurred on 1 October 2020, 494 days after the 2019 Belgian federal election of May 2019 as the 2019–20 Belgian government formation had been again a difficult process. The government replaced the minority Wilmès II Government, which was a temporary government instated to handle the consequences of the coronavirus outbreak. The De Croo Government is a so-called Vivaldi coalition, named after composer Antonio Vivaldi due to his work The Four Seasons which corresponds to the four different political views present in this coalition: the liberals (Open Vld and MR), the socialists (Vooruit and PS), the greens (Groen and Ecolo) and the Christian democrats of CD&V.

Most notably this government doesn't have a majority in the Flemish language group, as the two largest political parties in Flanders (and simultaneously in all of Belgium) are part of the opposition: N-VA and Vlaams Belang. Other opposition parties are the Francophone parties cdH and DéFI and the nationwide PVDA-PTB.[1]


The Constitution requires an equal number of Dutch- and French-speaking ministers (regardless of the Prime Minister) and with all parties requiring some positions, the number of members in the Government has increased considerably, from 12 to 14 ministers with an additional 5 extra Secretaries of State for a total of 7 extra members in the Government compared to the previous Wilmès II Government.

With several new parties coming in to the government and many existing parties replacing their ministers, only three ministers remain which were already present in the Wilmès II Government: Prime Minister Alexander De Croo (who was Minister of Development Cooperation, Finance and fighting Fiscal Fraud), the previous Prime Minister Sophie Wilmès who now becomes Minister of Foreign Affairs and David Clarinval who moves from Minister of Budget, Civil Service, National Lottery and Scientific Policy to Minister of the Middle Class, SMEs, Self-employed, Agriculture, and Institutional Affairs. A large number of government members were relatively unknown at the time of their appointment, as several parties decided to opt for new faces instead of familiar ones. One notable returnee is Frank Vandenbroucke who, after a nine-year break from politics, returns to become Minister of Health and Social Affairs, and has held multiple positions in the period 1994–2009, including Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Social Affairs, Labor, and Pensions.

Prime Minister
Prime Minister Alexander De Croo1 October 2020IncumbentOpen Vld
Deputy Prime Ministers
Minister of Economy and Employment Pierre-Yves Dermagne1 October 2020IncumbentPS
Minister of Foreign Affairs, European Affairs, Foreign Trade and Federal Cultural Institutions Sophie Wilmès (deputised by David Clarinval)1 October 2020IncumbentMR
Minister of Mobility Georges Gilkinet1 October 2020IncumbentEcolo
Minister of Finance, in charge of the Coordination of the Fight against Fraud Vincent Van Peteghem1 October 2020IncumbentCD&V
Minister of Social Affairs and Public Health Frank Vandenbroucke1 October 2020IncumbentVooruit
Minister of Civil Service, Public Enterprises, Telecommunication and Postal Services Petra De Sutter1 October 2020IncumbentGroen
Minister of Justice and the North Sea Vincent Van Quickenborne1 October 2020IncumbentOpen Vld
Minister of the Small Businesses, Self-Employed, SMEs and Agriculture, Institutional Reforms and Democratic Renewal David Clarinval1 October 2020IncumbentMR
Minister of Pensions and Social Integration, in charge of Persons with Disabilities, Combating Poverty and Beliris Karine Lalieux1 October 2020IncumbentPS
Minister of Defence Ludivine Dedonder1 October 2020IncumbentPS
Minister of Climate, Environment, Sustainable Development and Green Deal Zakia Khattabi1 October 2020IncumbentEcolo
Minister of the Interior, Institutional Reforms and Democratic Renewal Annelies Verlinden1 October 2020IncumbentCD&V
Minister of Development Cooperation and Urban Policy Meryame Kitir1 October 2020IncumbentVooruit
Minister of Energy Tinne Van der Straeten1 October 2020IncumbentGroen
Secretaries of State
Secretary of State for Recovery and Strategic Investments, in charge of Science Policy
Deputy to the Minister of the Economy and Employment
 Thomas Dermine [fr]1 October 2020IncumbentPS
Secretary of State for Digitization, in charge of Administrative Simplification, Privacy and Buildings Administration
Deputy to the Prime Minister
 Mathieu Michel (politician) [fr]1 October 2020IncumbentMR
Secretary of State for Gender Equality, Equal Opportunities and Diversity
Deputy to the Minister of Mobility
 Sarah Schlitz1 October 2020IncumbentEcolo
Secretary of State for Asylum and Migration, in charge of the National Lottery
Deputy to the Minister of the Interior, Institutional Reforms and Democratic Renewal
 Sammy Mahdi1 October 2020IncumbentCD&V
Secretary of State for Budget and Consumer Protection
Deputy to the Minister of Justice and the North Sea
 Eva De Bleeker [nl]1 October 2020IncumbentOpen Vld


  1. VRT NWS (2020-09-30). "7 partijen hebben een inhoudelijk akkoord om samen te regeren: dit weten we daar al over" [7 parties have an internal agreement to govern: this is what we know already]. (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-09-30.