De Croo Government
The De Croo Government is the incumbent Federal Government of Belgium, led by Prime Minister Alexander De Croo since 1 October 2020. The coalition is characterized for having a large number of political parties, including from the left and the right.
|De Croo Government|
98th Cabinet of Belgium (since 1830)
|Date formed||1 October 2020|
|People and organisations|
|Head of state||Philippe of Belgium|
|Head of government||Alexander De Croo|
|No. of ministers||15|
|Status in legislature|
|Election(s)||2019 Belgian federal election|
The creation of the De Croo Government occurred on 1 October 2020, 494 days after the 2019 Belgian federal election of May 2019 as the 2019–20 Belgian government formation had been again a difficult process. The government replaced the minority Wilmès II Government, which was a temporary government instated to handle the consequences of the coronavirus outbreak. The De Croo Government is a so-called Vivaldi coalition, named after composer Antonio Vivaldi due to his work The Four Seasons which corresponds to the four different political views present in this coalition: the liberals (Open Vld and MR), the socialists (Vooruit and PS), the greens (Groen and Ecolo) and the Christian democrats of CD&V.
Most notably this government doesn't have a majority in the Flemish language group, as the two largest political parties in Flanders (and simultaneously in all of Belgium) are part of the opposition: N-VA and Vlaams Belang. Other opposition parties are the Francophone parties cdH and DéFI and the nationwide PVDA-PTB.
The Constitution requires an equal number of Dutch- and French-speaking ministers (regardless of the Prime Minister) and with all parties requiring some positions, the number of members in the Government has increased considerably, from 12 to 14 ministers with an additional 5 extra Secretaries of State for a total of 7 extra members in the Government compared to the previous Wilmès II Government.
With several new parties coming in to the government and many existing parties replacing their ministers, only three ministers remain which were already present in the Wilmès II Government: Prime Minister Alexander De Croo (who was Minister of Development Cooperation, Finance and fighting Fiscal Fraud), the previous Prime Minister Sophie Wilmès who now becomes Minister of Foreign Affairs and David Clarinval who moves from Minister of Budget, Civil Service, National Lottery and Scientific Policy to Minister of the Middle Class, SMEs, Self-employed, Agriculture, and Institutional Affairs. A large number of government members were relatively unknown at the time of their appointment, as several parties decided to opt for new faces instead of familiar ones. One notable returnee is Frank Vandenbroucke who, after a nine-year break from politics, returns to become Minister of Health and Social Affairs, and has held multiple positions in the period 1994–2009, including Ministers of Foreign Affairs, Social Affairs, Labor, and Pensions.
|Portfolio||Minister||Took office||Left office||Party|
|Prime Minister||Alexander De Croo||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Open Vld|
|Deputy Prime Ministers|
|Minister of Economy and Employment||Pierre-Yves Dermagne||1 October 2020||Incumbent||PS|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs, European Affairs, Foreign Trade and Federal Cultural Institutions||Sophie Wilmès (deputised by David Clarinval)||1 October 2020||Incumbent||MR|
|Minister of Mobility||Georges Gilkinet||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Ecolo|
|Minister of Finance, in charge of the Coordination of the Fight against Fraud||Vincent Van Peteghem||1 October 2020||Incumbent||CD&V|
|Minister of Social Affairs and Public Health||Frank Vandenbroucke||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Vooruit|
|Minister of Civil Service, Public Enterprises, Telecommunication and Postal Services||Petra De Sutter||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Groen|
|Minister of Justice and the North Sea||Vincent Van Quickenborne||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Open Vld|
|Minister of the Small Businesses, Self-Employed, SMEs and Agriculture, Institutional Reforms and Democratic Renewal||David Clarinval||1 October 2020||Incumbent||MR|
|Minister of Pensions and Social Integration, in charge of Persons with Disabilities, Combating Poverty and Beliris||Karine Lalieux||1 October 2020||Incumbent||PS|
|Minister of Defence||Ludivine Dedonder||1 October 2020||Incumbent||PS|
|Minister of Climate, Environment, Sustainable Development and Green Deal||Zakia Khattabi||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Ecolo|
|Minister of the Interior, Institutional Reforms and Democratic Renewal||Annelies Verlinden||1 October 2020||Incumbent||CD&V|
|Minister of Development Cooperation and Urban Policy||Meryame Kitir||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Vooruit|
|Minister of Energy||Tinne Van der Straeten||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Groen|
|Secretaries of State|
|Secretary of State for Recovery and Strategic Investments, in charge of Science Policy|
Deputy to the Minister of the Economy and Employment
|Thomas Dermine||1 October 2020||Incumbent||PS|
|Secretary of State for Digitization, in charge of Administrative Simplification, Privacy and Buildings Administration|
Deputy to the Prime Minister
|Mathieu Michel (politician)||1 October 2020||Incumbent||MR|
|Secretary of State for Gender Equality, Equal Opportunities and Diversity|
Deputy to the Minister of Mobility
|Sarah Schlitz||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Ecolo|
|Secretary of State for Asylum and Migration, in charge of the National Lottery|
Deputy to the Minister of the Interior, Institutional Reforms and Democratic Renewal
|Sammy Mahdi||1 October 2020||Incumbent||CD&V|
|Secretary of State for Budget and Consumer Protection|
Deputy to the Minister of Justice and the North Sea
|Eva De Bleeker||1 October 2020||Incumbent||Open Vld|
- VRT NWS (2020-09-30). "7 partijen hebben een inhoudelijk akkoord om samen te regeren: dit weten we daar al over" [7 parties have an internal agreement to govern: this is what we know already]. vrtnws.be (in Dutch). Retrieved 2020-09-30.