Deccan Plateau

The Deccan Plateau is defined as the entire southern peninsula of the Indian subcontinent, located south of the Narmada River. It is a high triangular tableland, bounded on the west and east by the Western Ghats and the Eastern Ghats, respectively, that meet at the plateau's southern tip and to the north, by the Satpura and Vindhya Ranges.

Deccan Plateau
Deccan
Southernmost part of Deccan plateau near the city of Tiruvannamalai, Tamil Nadu
Highest point
PeakAnamudi, Eravikulam National Park
Elevation2,695 m (8,842 ft)[1]
Coordinates10°10′N 77°04′E
Naming
Native nameDakkhin (Kannada)

A rocky terrain marked by boulders, its elevation ranges between 100 and 1,000 metres (330 and 3,280 ft), with an average of about 600 metres (2,000 ft).[2] It is sloping generally eastward. Thus, its principal rivers—the Godavari, Krishna, and Kaveri (Cauvery)—flow eastward from the Western Ghats to the Bay of Bengal. The plateau is drier than the coastal region of southern India and is arid in places.

It has been a region of conflict since early times. It produced some of the major dynasties in Indian history, including the Pallavas, Satavahana, Vakataka, Chalukya, and Rashtrakuta dynasties, also the Western Chalukya Empire, the Kadambas, the Yadava dynasty, the Kakatiya Empire, the Musunuri Nayakas regime, the Vijayanagara and the Maratha empires, as well as the Muslim Bahmani Sultanate, Deccan Sultanates, and the Nizam of Hyderabad. In attempting to conquer it in the 17th century, Aurangzeb fatally weakened the Moghul dynasty. In the late 18th century, the British defeated the French here.


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