December 1910 United Kingdom general election
The December 1910 United Kingdom general election was held from 3 to 19 December. It was the last general election to be held over several days and the last to be held prior to the First World War (1914–18).
All 670 seats in the House of Commons
336 seats needed for a majority
Colours denote the winning party
The political context was the effort of the new Liberal government to pass its budget, with higher taxes on the wealthy. It was blocked by the House of Lords. The Government called an election to get a mandate for the Parliament Act 1911, which would prevent the House of Lords from permanently blocking legislation. After the Liberals, together with the Irish Nationalists and Labour, retained their Commons majority, the House of Lords gave way and the budget was passed.
The Conservatives, led by Arthur Balfour with their Liberal Unionist allies, and the Liberals, led by H. H. Asquith, could not break the deadlock produced in the January general election, with the Conservatives again winning the largest number of votes. The Liberal Party under Asquith formed a government with the support of the Irish Nationalists. This was the last election in which the Liberals won the highest number of seats in the House of Commons. It was also the last United Kingdom national election in which a party other than Labour or the Conservatives won the most seats until the 2014 European Parliament elections.
|Party||Leader||Stood||Elected||Gained||Unseated||Net||% of total||%||No.||Net %|
|Conservative & Lib. Unionist||Arthur Balfour||548||271||−1||40.4||46.6||2,270,753||−0.3|
|Liberal||H. H. Asquith||467||272||−2||40.6||44.2||2,157,256||+0.7|
|Irish Parliamentary||John Redmond||81||74||5||2||+3||11.0||1.9||90,416||+0.7|
|Social Democratic Federation||H. M. Hyndman||2||0||0||0||0||0.1||5,733||−0.1|
|Scottish Prohibition||Edwin Scrymgeour||1||0||0||0||0||0.0||913|
- List of MPs elected in the December 1910 United Kingdom general election
- Parliamentary franchise in the United Kingdom 1885–1918
- December 1910 United Kingdom general election in Ireland
- Blewett, Neal (1972), Peers, the Parties and the People: General Elections of 1910[publisher missing]
- Craig, F. W. S. (1989), British Electoral Facts: 1832–1987, Dartmouth: Gower, ISBN 0900178302
- Pelling, Henry (1967), Social Geography of British Elections 1885–1910[publisher missing]