Decize on the Loire River
|• Mayor (2020–2026)||Justine Guyot|
|48.22 km2 (18.62 sq mi)|
|• Density||110/km2 (280/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||183–243 m (600–797 ft)|
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The town is situated on a former island in the Loire ("en Loire assise") at the confluence of the Aron river. The right channel of the Loire was dammed up to reclaim land and now remains as an arm ("la Vieille Loire") stretching upstream to the centre of town. The Loire at this point is an important navigation point as it forms the junction between the Canal du Nivernais and the Canal Latéral à la Loire both of which are within the town boundaries.
Decize is an ancient settlement first noted in the Commentarii de Bello Gallico where Julius Caesar settled a dispute involving the Decetiae from whom comes the town's name—in Roman times the town’s name was Decetia in Gallia Lugdunensis. In later times it belonged to the counts of Nevers, from whom it obtained a charter of franchise in 1226.
- Guy Coquille (1523–1603), French jurist, was born here. There is a statue of him in the town.
- Louis de Saint-Just (1767–1794), a major figure in the French Revolution, was born here.
- Marguerite Monnot (1903–1961), songwriter and composer
At the 1999 census, the population was 6456.
As of September 2010 work began on a new port for pleasure boats in the "Bassin de la Jonction" between the Lateral Canal and the Loire. Intended to be ready for spring 2011 it will make this one of the largest pleasure ports in Burgundy.
- "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020.
- "Populations légales 2018". INSEE. 28 December 2020.
- "Decetia, Decize". Digital Atlas of the Roman Empire. Retrieved June 1, 2021.
- One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Decize". Encyclopædia Britannica. 7 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 913.
- Chisholm 1911.