Decolonisation of Africa

The decolonisation of Africa took place in the mid-to-late 1950s to 1975, with radical regime changes on the continent as colonial governments made the transition to independent states. The process was often marred with violence, political turmoil, widespread unrest, and organised revolts in both northern and sub-Saharan countries including the Algerian War in French Algeria, the Angolan War of Independence in Portuguese Angola, the Congo Crisis in the Belgian Congo, the Mau Mau Uprising in British Kenya, and the Nigerian Civil War in the secessionist state of Biafra.[1][2][3][4][5]

An animated map shows the order of independence of African nations, 1950–2011