Delaware

Delaware (/ˈdɛləwɛər/ (listen) DEL-ə-wair)[8] is a state in the Mid-Atlantic[9] region of the United States,[lower-alpha 1] bordering Maryland to its south and west; Pennsylvania to its north; and New Jersey and the Atlantic Ocean to its east. The state takes its name from the nearby Delaware River named after Thomas West, 3rd Baron De La Warr, an English nobleman and Virginia's first colonial governor.[10]

Delaware
State of Delaware
Nickname(s): 
The First State; The Small Wonder;[1] Blue Hen State; The Diamond State
Motto(s): 
Anthem: Our Delaware
Map of the United States with Delaware highlighted
CountryUnited States
Before statehoodDelaware Colony, New Netherland, New Sweden
Admitted to the UnionDecember 7, 1787 (1st)
CapitalDover
Largest cityWilmington
Largest metro and urban areasDelaware Valley
Government
  GovernorJohn Carney (D)
  Lieutenant GovernorBethany Hall-Long (D)
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
  Upper houseSenate
  Lower houseHouse of Representatives
JudiciaryDelaware Supreme Court
U.S. senatorsTom Carper (D)
Chris Coons (D)
U.S. House delegationLisa Blunt Rochester (D) (list)
Area
  Total1,982[2] sq mi (5,130 km2)
Area rank49th
Dimensions
  Length96 mi (154 km)
  Width30 mi (48 km)
Elevation
60 ft (20 m)
Highest elevation447.85 ft (136.50468 m)
Lowest elevation
(Atlantic Ocean[3])
0 ft (0 m)
Population
 (2020)
  Total990,837
  Rank45th
  Density469/sq mi (179/km2)
  Density rank6th
  Median household income
$62,852[6]
  Income rank
18th
Demonym(s)Delawarean
Language
  Official languageNone
Time zoneUTC−05:00 (EST)
  Summer (DST)UTC−04:00 (EDT)
USPS abbreviation
DE
ISO 3166 codeUS-DE
Traditional abbreviationDel.
Latitude38° 27′ N to 39° 50′ N
Longitude75° 3′ W to 75° 47′ W
Websitedelaware.gov
Delaware state symbols
Living insignia
BirdDelaware Blue Hen
ButterflyEastern tiger swallowtail
Wildlife animalGrey fox
FishWeakfish
FlowerPeach blossom
Insect7-spotted ladybug
TreeAmerican holly
Inanimate insignia
BeverageMilk
ColorsColonial blue, buff
FoodStrawberry, peach custard pie
FossilBelemnite
MineralSillimanite
SloganEndless Discoveries[7] Formerly: It's Good Being First
SoilGreenwich
State route marker
State quarter
Released in 1999
Lists of United States state symbols
Interactive map showing border of Delaware (click to zoom)

Delaware occupies the northeastern portion of the Delmarva Peninsula and some islands and territory within the Delaware River. It is the second-smallest and sixth-least populous state, but also the sixth-most densely populated. Delaware's largest city is Wilmington, while the state capital is Dover, the second-largest city in the state. The state is divided into three counties, having the lowest number of any state; from north to south, they are New Castle County, Kent County, and Sussex County. While the southern two counties have historically been predominantly agricultural, New Castle is more urbanized. In a similar vein to Maryland, Delaware's geography, culture, and history combine elements of the Mid-Atlantic, Northeastern, and Southern regions of the country.

Before its coastline was explored by Europeans in the 16th century, Delaware was inhabited by several groups of Native Americans, including the Lenape in the north and Nanticoke in the south. It was initially colonized by Dutch traders at Zwaanendael, near the present town of Lewes, in 1631. Delaware was one of the Thirteen Colonies that took part in the American Revolution. On December 7, 1787, Delaware became the first state to ratify the Constitution of the United States, and has since been known as The First State.[11] Since the turn of the 20th century, Delaware is also a de facto onshore corporate haven, in which by virtue of its corporate laws, the state is the domicile of over 50% of all NYSE-listed business and 60% of the Fortune 500.