Delphi

Delphi (/ˈdɛlf, ˈdɛlfi/; Greek: Δελφοί [ðelˈfi]),[lower-alpha 1] in legend previously called Pytho (Πυθώ), in ancient times was a sacred precinct that served as the seat of Pythia, the major oracle who was consulted about important decisions throughout the ancient classical world. The oracle was international in character and also fostered sentiments of Greek nationality, even though the nation of Greece was centuries away from realization. The ancient Greeks considered the centre of the world to be in Delphi, marked by the stone monument known as the omphalos (navel). The sacred precinct was in the region of Phocis, but its management had been taken away from the Phocians, who were trying to extort money from its visitors, and had been placed in the hands of an amphictyony, or committee of persons chosen mainly from Central Greece. According to the Suda, Delphi took its name from the Delphyne, the she-serpent (drakaina) who lived there and was killed by the god Apollo (in other accounts the serpent was the male serpent (drakon) Python).[4][5]

Delphi
Δελφοί
The Athena temple complex, including the Delphic Tholos, photographed from Route 48 just above it. The background is the Pleistos River Valley. The view is looking upstream.
Delphi
Shown within Greece
LocationPhocis, Greece
Coordinates38°28′56″N 22°30′05″E
TypeRuins of an ancient sacred precinct
HeightTop of a scarp 500 metres (1,600 ft) maximum off the valley floor
History
CulturesAncient Greece
Site notes
ArchaeologistsFrench School at Athens
OwnershipHellenic Republic
ManagementMinistry of Culture and Sports
Public accessAccessible for a fee
WebsiteE. Partida (2012). "Delphi". Odysseus. Ministry of Culture and Sports, Hellenic Republic.
Official nameArchaeological Site of Delphi
TypeCultural
Criteriai, ii, iii, iv and vi
Designated1987 (12th session)
Reference no.393
State PartyGreece
RegionEurope
Delphi among the main Greek sanctuaries

The sacred precinct occupies a delineated region on the south-western slope of Mount Parnassus. It is now an extensive archaeological site, and since 1938 a part of Parnassos National Park. Adjacent to the sacred precinct is a small modern town of the same name. The precinct is recognized by UNESCO as a World Heritage Site in having had a great influence in the ancient world, as evidenced by the various monuments built there by most of the important ancient Greek city-states, demonstrating their fundamental Hellenic unity.