Demerara (Dutch: Demerary)[needs Dutch IPA] is a historical region in the Guianas on the north coast of South America which is now part of the country of Guyana. It was a Dutch colony until 1815 and a county of British Guiana from 1838 to 1966. It was located about the lower courses of the Demerara River, and its main town was Georgetown.
Colony of Demerara
|Status||Colony of the Dutch West India Company (1616-1796) |
Occupied Territory of Great Britain (1796-1802)
Colony of Batavian Republic (1802-1803)
|Capital||Fort Zeelandia (1745–1755)|
|Common languages||Dutch, African languages, Akawaio, Macushi, Waiwai, Arawakan, Patamona, Warrau, Carib, Wapishana, Arekuna, Portuguese, Spanish, French, English|
• Ceded to the United Kingdom
|November 20 1803|
|Today part of||Guyana|
|History of Guyana|
The name "Demerara" comes from a variant of the Arawak word "Immenary" or "Dumaruni" which means "river of the letter wood" (wood of Brosimum guianense tree). Demerara sugar is so named because originally it came from sugar cane fields in the colony of Demerara.