Demeter

In ancient Greek religion and mythology, Demeter (/dɪˈmtər/; Attic: Δημήτηρ Dēmḗtēr [dɛːmɛ́ːtɛːr]; Doric: Δαμάτηρ Dāmā́tēr) is the Olympian goddess of the harvest and agriculture, presiding over grains and the fertility of the earth. She was also called Deo (Δηώ).[1]. Her cult titles include Sito (Σιτώ), "she of the Grain",[2] as the giver of food or grain,[3] and Thesmophoros (θεσμός, thesmos: divine order, unwritten law; φόρος, phoros: bringer, bearer), "giver of customs" or "legislator", in association with the secret female-only festival called the Thesmophoria.[4]

Demeter
Goddess of the harvest, agriculture, fertility and sacred law
Member of the Twelve Olympians
A marble statue of Demeter, National Roman Museum
Other namesSito, Thesmophoros
AbodeMount Olympus
SymbolCornucopia, wheat, torch, bread
FestivalsThesmophoria, Eleusinian Mysteries
Personal information
ParentsCronus and Rhea
SiblingsHestia, Hera, Hades, Poseidon, Zeus, Chiron
ConsortIasion, Zeus, Poseidon
ChildrenPersephone, Despoina, Arion, Plutus, Philomelus, Iacchus
Roman equivalentCeres

Though Demeter is often described simply as the goddess of the harvest, she presided also over the sacred law, and the cycle of life and death. She and her daughter Persephone were the central figures of the Eleusinian Mysteries, a religious tradition that predated the Olympian pantheon, and which may have its roots in the Mycenaean period c. 1400–1200 BC.[5] Demeter was often considered to be the same figure as the Anatolian goddess Cybele, and she was identified with the Roman goddess Ceres.