Democratic Party of Serbia
The Democratic Party of Serbia (Serbian: Демократска странка Србије, romanized: Demokratska stranka Srbije, pronounced [demǒkratskaː strânka sr̂bije]; abbr. ДCC or DSS) is a national-conservative and Christian-democratic political party in Serbia.
|Founded||July 26, 1992|
|Split from||Democratic Party|
|National affiliation||National-Democratic Alternative|
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|Assembly of Vojvodina|
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|City Assembly of Belgrade|
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Founding members of the party were Vojislav Koštunica, Vladeta Janković, Đurđe Ninković, Draško Petrović, Mirko Petrović and Vladan Batić. The founding assembly was held on July 26, 1992 and elected Vojislav Koštunica as its first president. The first party assembly was held on December 5, 1992 and adopted the party's first manifesto.
The DSS first competed in the December 1992 parliamentary elections. As part of DEPOS, the DSS received 18 seats in the National Assembly of Serbia - which grew to 20 after non-party-aligned members of DEPOS decided to leave the Parliament. Soon, similar differences of opinion over ways in which to fight the ruling Socialist Party of Serbia and the DSS's belief in Serbian nationalism led to a division in DEPOS too. The DSS left the coalition in mid-1993.
Next parliamentary elections in Serbia were called prematurely for December 19, 1993. This time DSS ran independently and received seven seats. This was a period of the party's political stagnation as most nationalist votes went to the Serbian Radical Party. It did not have enough seats to significantly influence matters in Serbia and was left without representation in the Federal Assembly.
The DSS was a founding member of the Democratic Opposition of Serbia (DOS) whose presidential candidate and leader of the DSS, Vojislav Koštunica defeated Slobodan Milosevic in the 2000 Yugoslav presidential election held on 24 September 2000 winning 50.24% of the vote and defeating Slobodan Milošević who contested the election results.
In the December 2000 Serbian parliamentary election, the Democratic Opposition of Serbia won 64.7% of the popular vote, securing 176 seats in the National Assembly. The DSS was allocated 45 seats. In the ensuing Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition government, DSS had very little influence with just two cabinet-level ministerial posts, that of Deputy Prime Minister (held by Aleksandar Pravdić) and Minister of Health (held by Obren Joksimović) as well as very few second tier posts of Deputy Minister. The DSS was unhappy with the direction of the DOS Government policy and split from the coalition in late 2001.
In the 2003 parliamentary election, the DSS won 17.7% of the popular vote, translating into 53 seats in the parliament. Of these 53 seats, three went to the People's Democratic Party (NDS), one to the Serbian Liberal Party and one to the Serbian Democratic Party (SDS).
In 2004 NDS left the coalition with DSS, leaving it with 50 seats in the National Assembly. However, in 2005 both the NDS and the SDS merged into the DSS, bringing its size to 52 seats in the National Assembly.
The DSS won 47 seats in coalition with New Serbia in the 2007 parliamentary election, receiving 667,615 votes or 16.55% of the total popular vote. DSS itself received 33 seats in the parliament, and formed a group together with New Serbia, the Serbian Democratic Renewal Movement and United Serbia.
The leader of the DSS since its foundation, Vojislav Koštunica, was the Prime Minister of Serbia between March 2004 and July 2008 heading up two coalition governments. The first coalition government between March 2004 and July 2007 in coalition with Serbian Renewal Movement and G17 Plus. The second coalition government between July 2007 and July 2008 in coalition with the Democratic Party and G17 Plus.
In the early 2008 parliamentary election held in May 2008 following the self-proclaimed declaration of independence by the Serbian province of Kosovo, the DSS won 30 seats in the National Assembly in coalition with New Serbia. It won 480,987 votes representing 11.62% of the electorate. In coalition with New Serbia 2008–10, it formed the second largest opposition block in the Serbian parliament.
Since 2008 the DSS has positioned itself as a staunch defender of the premise that Kosovo should remain within Serbia (in some shape or form) and that further negotiations must take place to determine a workable political outcome regarding Kosovo and Serbia. Because of this approach, the DSS is against Serbia joining the EU if in return it is bound to acknowledge the legitimacy of the self-proclaimed independent Kosovo.
The party has become increasingly nationalist and eurosceptic since the independence of Kosovo. In 2012, Vojislav Koštunica stated that the EU is destroying Serbia and that Serbia should abstain on EU membership. The party subsequently left the European People's Party in February 2012.
The party competed independently in the 2012 parliamentary elections in May 2012 and received around 7% of the popular vote (273,532 votes) translating into 21 Members of Parliament.
In 2014, founder and first president of DSS Vojislav Koštunica left the party over its abandonment of the idea of political neutrality. Subsequently, Slobodan Samardžić, Dragan Jočić, Vladeta Janković and Dejan Mihajlov also announced their departure in response to differences of opinion over the course of DSS.
On 26 January 2021, DSS and the Movement for the Restoration of the Kingdom of Serbia (POKS) signed an agreement on joint action and agreed on a joint political-program platform called the National-Democratic Alternative. In early May, the National-Democratic Alternative was transformed into a pre-electoral coalition. On 24 May, the 14th party assembly was held in which Jovanović was re-elected as the president of the party, while Dejan Šulkić, Zoran Sandić, and Predrag Marsenić were elected as vice presidents.
Presidents of the Democratic Party of Serbia (1992–present)
|#||President||Born–died||Term start||Term end|
|1||Vojislav Koštunica||1944–||26 July 1992||19 March 2014|
|2||Sanda Rašković Ivić||1956–||12 October 2014||2 August 2016|
|3||Miloš Jovanović||1976–||21 December 2016||Incumbent|
|Name||Born–died||Term start||Term end|
|Aleksandar Popović||1971–||19 March 2014||12 October 2014|
|Dragan Maršićanin||1950–||2 August 2016||21 December 2016|
|Election||Leader||# of votes||% of vote||# of seats||+/-||Coalitions||Status|
18 / 250
7 / 250
0 / 250
45 / 250
53 / 250
33 / 250
21 / 250
21 / 250
0 / 250
|2016||Sanda Rašković Ivić||190,530||5.04%||
6 / 250
0 / 250
|6||Metla 2020||no seats|
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Years in government (1992– )
|Election year||#||Candidate||1st round votes||%||2nd round votes||%||Notes|
|1992||2nd||Milan Panić||1,516,693||32.11||—||—||Independent candidate; support|
|Sep–Oct 2002||1st||Vojislav Koštunica||1,123,420||30.89||1,974,450||68.4||Election declared invalid due to low turnout|
|Dec 2002||1st||Vojislav Koštunica||1,699,098||57.66||—||—||Election declared invalid due to low turnout|
|2004||4th||Dragan Maršićanin||414,971||13.31||—||—||Government Coalition (Democratic Party of Serbia, G17 Plus, Serbian Renewal Movement, New Serbia)|
|2008||3rd||Velimir Ilić||305,828||7.43||—||—||Supported by: Democratic Party of Serbia, United Serbia, Serbian Renewal Movement and List for Sandžak|
|Election year||Candidate||#||1st round popular vote||% of popular vote||#||2nd round popular vote||% of popular vote|
Major positions held by Democratic Party of Serbia members:
|President of FR Yugoslavia||Years|
|Prime Minister of Serbia||Years|
|President of the Assembly of Serbia and Montenegro||Years|
|President of the National Assembly of Serbia||Years|
- "Partijsku knjižicu ima više od milion građana" (in Serbian). Blic. 30 December 2011.
- Nordsieck, Wolfram (2020). "Serbia". Parties and Elections in Europe. Retrieved 29 June 2020.
- Orlović, Slaviša; Antonić, Slobodan; Vukomanović, Dijana; Stojiljković, Zoran; Vujačić, Ilija; Đurković, Miša; Mihailović, Srećko; Gligorov, Vladimir; Komšić, Jovan; Pajvančić, Marijana; Pantić, Dragomir (2007). Ideologija i političke stranke u Srbiji [Ideology and Political Parties in Serbia] (PDF) (in Serbian). Belgrade: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Faculty of Political Sciences, Institute for Humanities. ISBN 978-86-83767-23-6. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 November 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2001.
- Antonić, Slobodan (2012). "Eurosceptism in Serbia" (PDF). Serbian Political Thought. Institute of Political Studies in Belgrade. 5 (1): 69. doi:10.22182/spt.512012.4.
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- Borger, Julian; Beaumont, Peter (18 February 2008). "Kosovo: the key figures". The Guardian.
- "Vukadinović: DSS, Dveri i SRS nisu ekstremna desnica". www.blic.rs.
- Stojarová, Věra; Emerson, Peter, eds. (30 October 2009). "Political parties in Serbia" (PDF). Party politics in the Western Balkans. Routledge. ISBN 978-0415550994. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
- "Izbori 2012 - Stranke" (in Serbian). B92. Retrieved 26 April 2012.
- "Serbia vote: Parties and players". BBC News. 24 December 2003. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
- "DSS napustio Evropsku narodnu partiju" (in Serbian). Radio-televizija Srbije. 25 February 2012. Retrieved 27 February 2012.
- "DSS i POKS potpisali Sporazum o zajedničkom delovanju". www.danas.rs (in Serbian). Danas. Retrieved 26 January 2021.
- "DSS i POKS potpisali koalicioni sporazum". rs.n1info.com (in Serbian). N1. 6 May 2021.
- "Članovi DSS izabrali rukovodstvo stranke, Jovanović ostaje predsednik". rs.n1info.com (in Serbian). N1. 24 May 2021.
- "Serbian ministries, etc". rulers.org. B. Schemmel. Retrieved 13 August 2016.