Democratic Progressive Party

The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP)[upper-roman 1] is a Taiwanese nationalist and centre-left political party in Taiwan (Republic of China).[10][13][14] Controlling both the Republic of China presidency and the unicameral Legislative Yuan, it is the majority ruling party and the dominant party in the Pan-Green Coalition as of 2020.

Democratic Progressive Party
ChairpersonTsai Ing-wen
Secretary-GeneralLin Hsi-yao
Founded28 September 1986; 34 years ago (1986-09-28)
Headquarters10F-30, Beiping East Rd.
Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan
Think tankNew Frontier Foundation
Membership (2014) 335,643
Social liberalism[5][6]
Social democracy[6][7]
Taiwanese nationalism[5][8]
Political positionCentre-left[8][9][10][11][a]
National affiliationPan-Green Coalition
Regional affiliationCouncil of Asian Liberals and Democrats
International affiliationLiberal International
Colours  Green
Legislative Yuan
62 / 113
Municipal mayors
3 / 6
4 / 16
238 / 912
Township/city mayors
40 / 204
Party flag

^ a: The DPP has also been characterized as centrist[12] on an international political spectrum because of its historical positioning as the major big tent opposition party supporting democracy. In general, the DPP is often described as a centre-left party, and is accepted as part of Taiwan's left-wing camp.[11]
Chairperson of the Central Headquarters of
the Democratic Progressive Party of Taiwan
Party emblem
Commander-in-chief flag
Tsai Ing-wen

since May 20, 2008
  • Madam Chairperson
StatusHead of party
NominatorPolitical parties
AppointerDirect party members vote
(as Opposition Party)
President hold the position
(as Ruling Party)
Term lengthTwo years, renewable once
FormationNovember 28, 1986
First holderChiang Peng-chien
Unofficial namesChairperson of the DPP of Taiwan
Salary$1.5 million TWD annually
Democratic Progressive Party
Traditional Chinese民主進步黨
Simplified Chinese民主进步党
Commonly abbreviated in Chinese as
Traditional Chinese民進黨
Simplified Chinese民进党

Founded in 1986, the DPP is one of two major parties in Taiwan, along with the historically dominant Kuomintang. It has traditionally been associated with strong advocacy of human rights, and a distinct Taiwanese identity. The incumbent President and three-time leader of the DPP, Tsai Ing-wen, is the second member of the DPP to hold the office.[15]

The DPP is a longtime member of Liberal International and a founding member of the Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats. It represented Taiwan in the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. The DPP and its affiliated parties are widely classified as socially liberal because of their strong support for human rights, including support for same-sex marriage. They are also proponents of a Taiwanese national identity. In addition, the DPP is more willing to increase military expenditures to defend against a potential Chinese invasion, and on foreign policy favours closer ties with the United States and Japan.