Democratic Progressive Party
The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP) is a Taiwanese nationalist and centre-left political party in Taiwan (Republic of China). Controlling both the Republic of China presidency and the unicameral Legislative Yuan, it is the majority ruling party and the dominant party in the Pan-Green Coalition as of 2020.
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|Founded||28 September 1986|
|Headquarters||10F-30, Beiping East Rd.|
Zhongzheng District, Taipei, Taiwan
|Think tank||New Frontier Foundation|
|National affiliation||Pan-Green Coalition|
|Regional affiliation||Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats|
|International affiliation||Liberal International|
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^ a: The DPP has also been characterized as centrist on an international political spectrum because of its historical positioning as the major big tent opposition party supporting democracy. In general, the DPP is often described as a centre-left party, and is accepted as part of Taiwan's left-wing camp.
|Chairperson of the Central Headquarters of |
the Democratic Progressive Party of Taiwan
|Status||Head of party|
|Appointer||Direct party members vote|
(as Opposition Party)
President hold the position
(as Ruling Party)
|Term length||Two years, renewable once|
|Formation||November 28, 1986|
|First holder||Chiang Peng-chien|
|Unofficial names||Chairperson of the DPP of Taiwan|
|Salary||$1.5 million TWD annually|
|Democratic Progressive Party|
|Commonly abbreviated in Chinese as|
Founded in 1986, the DPP is one of two major parties in Taiwan, along with the historically dominant Kuomintang. It has traditionally been associated with strong advocacy of human rights, and a distinct Taiwanese identity. The incumbent President and three-time leader of the DPP, Tsai Ing-wen, is the second member of the DPP to hold the office.
The DPP is a longtime member of Liberal International and a founding member of the Council of Asian Liberals and Democrats. It represented Taiwan in the Unrepresented Nations and Peoples Organization. The DPP and its affiliated parties are widely classified as socially liberal because of their strong support for human rights, including support for same-sex marriage. They are also proponents of a Taiwanese national identity. In addition, the DPP is more willing to increase military expenditures to defend against a potential Chinese invasion, and on foreign policy favours closer ties with the United States and Japan.