Demographics of Israel

The State of Israel has a population of approximately 9,227,700 inhabitants as of July 2020. Some 74.24% are Jews of all backgrounds (about 6,829,000 individuals), 20.95% are Arab of any religion other than Jewish (about 1,890,000 individuals), while the remaining 4.81% (about 434,000 individuals) are defined as "others", including persons of Jewish ancestry deemed non-Jewish by religious law and persons of non-Jewish ancestry who are family members of Jewish immigrants (neither of which are registered at the Ministry of Interior as Jews), Christian non-Arabs, Muslim non-Arabs and all other residents who have neither an ethnic nor religious classification.[4]

A population pyramid that shows the age of the population by sex in 2017

Demographics of  Israel
Population of Israel since 1949
Population9,364,000 (95th) [1][2]
Density401/km2 (5th)
Growth rate2.0% [3]
Birth rate21.5 births/1,000 population (101st)
Death rate5.2 deaths/1,000 population (174th)
Life expectancy82.7 years (8th)
  male80.7 years
  female84.6 years
Fertility rate3.13 children born/woman (76th)
Infant mortality rate4.03 deaths/1,000 live births (25th)
Age structure
0–14 years27.3%
15–64 years62.2%
65 and over10.5%
Sex ratio
Total1.01 male(s)/female
At birth1.05 male(s)/female
Under 151.05 male(s)/female
15–64 years1.03 male(s)/female
65 and over0.78 male(s)/female
Major ethnicJews, Arabs
Minor ethnicDruze, Arameans, Armenians, Circassians, Samaritans
SpokenArabic, Russian, Yiddish, French, English

Israel's annual population growth rate stood at 2.0% in 2015, more than three times faster than the OECD average of around 0.6%.[5] With an average of three children per woman, Israel also has the highest fertility rate in the OECD by a considerable margin and much higher than the OECD average of 1.7.[6] The demographics of Israel are monitored by the Israel Central Bureau of Statistics.