Demographics of Kuwait


This article is about the demographic features of the population of Kuwait (Arabic: سكان الكويت).

Kuwait population pyramid in 2020

Expatriates account for around 70% of Kuwait's total population, with Kuwaitis constituting 28%-32% of the total population. The government and some Kuwaiti citizens consider the proportion of expatriates (which has been relatively stable since the mid-1970s) to be a problem, and in 2016 the number of deportations increased.[1]

Governorates


Kuwait consists of six governorates: Hawalli, Asimah, Farwaniyah, Jahra, Ahmadi and Mubarak Al-Kabeer.[2] Most Kuwaitis live in the governorates of Hawalli, Asimah and Farwaniyah.[2]

Historical populations


Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950152,000    
1960264,000+73.7%
1970753,000+185.2%
19801,377,000+82.9%
19902,088,000+51.6%
20001,941,000−7.0%
20102,737,000+41.0%
20204,464,000+63.1%
Source:[3]
Population of Kuwait according to nationality
Census year Kuwaiti non-Kuwaiti Total Change
Population  % Population  % Population  %
1975307,75530.9687,08269994,837-
1985470,473351,226,828651,697,30170.6
1995653,61641.5921,95458.51,575,570-7.2
2005860,32439.21,333,32760.82,193,65139.2
20151,208,64332.32,535,01767.73,743,66070.6

The biggest population difficulty in Kuwait involves the Bedoon, stateless people. According to Human Rights Watch in 1995, Kuwait has produced 300,000 stateless Bedoon.[4] Kuwait has the largest number of stateless people in the entire region.[5][6][7] The Bedoon issue in Kuwait is largely sectarian.[8][9][10][11][12]

Vital statistics


UN estimates

[13]

Period Live births per year Deaths per year Natural change per year CBR* CDR* NC* TFR* IMR*
1950-19558,0002,0006,00043.712.331.47.21113
1955-19609,0002,0007,00040.09.630.47.2190
1960-196516,0003,00013,00043.47.635.87.3170
1965-197030,0004,00026,00048.86.342.57.4153
1970-197543,0005,00038,00047.65.242.46.9040
1975-198049,0005,00044,00040.74.236.55.8929
1980-198558,0005,00052,00037.13.433.65.1022
1985-199051,0005,00045,00026.52.823.73.3416
1990-199533,0005,00028,00018.02.715.32.2013
1995-200043,0005,00038,00024.13.021.12.9311
2000-200539,0006,00032,00018.53.115.42.2410
2005-201047,0007,00040,00018.73.115.62.328
2010-201558,0009,00049,00016.12.413.72.088
2015-202060,00012,00048,00012.62.99.72.077
* CBR = crude birth rate (per 1000); CDR = crude death rate (per 1000); NC = natural change (per 1000); IMR = infant mortality rate per 1000 births; TFR = total fertility rate (number of children per woman)
Registered births and deaths

[14][15]

Average population Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000) TFR
1958 6,881
1959 9,023
1960 11,6161,23510,381
1961 296,000 12,9422,50410,438 43.78.435.2
1962 337,000 15,2042,18013,024 45.16.538.6
1963 384,000 17,3972,13915,258 45.45.639.8
1964 433,000 19,4282,61816,810 44.86.038.8
1965 484,000 21,9502,45419,496 45.35.140.3
1966 536,000 23,7322,81320,919 44.35.339.0
1967 588,000 28,3343,11125,223 48.25.342.9
1968 642,000 33,0263,34629,680 51.55.246.3
1969 697,000 35,1353,37831,757 50.44.845.6
1970 753,000 33,8423,73530,107 44.95.040.0
1971 811,000 35,5583,83231,726 43.84.739.1
1972 870,000 37,6884,14933,539 43.34.838.5
1973 931,000 40,1654,60135,564 43.24.938.2
1974 992,000 41,0604,69336,367 41.44.736.7
1975 1,054,000 42,8614,77838,083 40.74.536.1
1976 1,116,000 46,0394,66141,378 41.34.237.1
1977 1,179,000 46,8645,36541,499 39.84.635.2
1978 1,243,000 48,0104,93643,074 38.64.034.7
1979 1,309,000 48,2735,02843,245 36.93.833.0
1980 1,377,000 51,0904,93246,158 37.13.633.5
1981 1,446,000 52,0414,67847,363 36.03.232.8
1982 1,514,000 54,2574,99249,265 35.83.332.5
1983 1,584,000 55,6174,65450,963 35.12.932.2
1984 1,660,000 56,7764,54452,232 34.22.731.5
1985 1,742,000 55,0874,71150,376 31.62.728.9
1986 1,836,000 53,8454,39049,455 29.32.426.9
1987 1,937,000 52,4124,11348,299 27.12.124.9
1988 2,028,000 53,0804,58148,499 26.22.323.9
1989 2,084,000 52,8584,62848,230 25.42.223.1
1990 2,088,000
1991 2,031,000 20,6093,38017,229 10.11.78.5
1992 1,924,000 34,8173,36931,448 18.11.816.3
1993 1,796,000 37,3793,44133,938 20.81.918.9
1994 1,688,000 38,8683,46435,404 23.02.121.0
1995 1,628,000 41,1693,78137,388 25.32.323.0
1996 1,628,000 44,6203,81240,808 27.42.325.1
1997 1,679,000 42,8154,01738,798 25.52.423.1
1998 1,764,000 41,4244,21637,208 23.52.421.1
1999 1,857,000 41,1354,18736,948 22.12.319.9
2000 1,941,000 41,8434,22737,616 21.62.219.4
2001 2,010,000 41,3424,36436,978 20.62.218.4
2002 2,070,000 43,4904,34239,148 21.02.118.9
2003 2,127,000 43,9824,42439,558 20.72.118.6
2004 2,189,000 47,2744,79342,481 21.62.219.4
2005 2,264,000 50,9414,78446,157 22.52.120.4
2006 2,351,000 52,7595,24747,512 22.42.220.2
2007 2,448,000 53,5875,29348,294 21.92.219.7
2008 2,548,000 54,5715,70148,870 21.42.219.2
2009 2,778,000 56,5036,26650,237 20.32.318.1
2010 2,933,000 57,5335,44852,085 19.61.917.8
2011 3,099,000 58,1985,33952,859 18.71.717.0 1.95
2012 3,246,622 59,7535,95053,803 18.41.816.6 1.86
2013 3,427,595 59,4265,90953,517 17.31.715.6 1.72
2014 3,588,092 61,3136,03155,282 16.31.614.7 1.90
2015 3,743,660 59,2716,48152,790 14.91.613.3
2016 3,925,487 58,7976,33852,459 14.41.512.9 1.47
2017 4,082,704 59,1726,67952,493 14.71.713.0 2.15
2018 4,226,920 56,1216,80749,314 13.61.711.9 2.16
2019 4,420,110 53,5657,30646,259 12.11.610.4 2.08
2020 4,464,521

Structure of the population [16]

Structure of the population (1.01.2020) (Census - provisional) :

Age Group Male Female Total %
Total 2,743,617 1,720,904 4,464,521 100
0-4 123,863 111,800 235,663 5,27
5-9 190,736 153,412 344,148 7,7
10-14 160,820 129,882 290,702 6,51
15-19 135,324 111,798 247,122 5,53
20-24 126,687 102,773 229,460 5,13
25-29 113,416 93,183 206,599 4,62
30-34 205,555 157,101 362,656 8,12
35-39 341,766 192,989 534,755 11,97
40-44 368,779 180,249 549,028 12,29
45-49 342,307 165,443 507,750 11,37
50-54 234,060 112,764 346,824 7,76
55-59 158,989 76,976 235,965 5,28
60-64 105,746 46,617 152,363 3,41
65-69 59,345 27,921 87,266 1,95
70-74 26,885 15,982 42,867 0,96
75-79 11,984 8,711 20,695 0,46
80+ 10,839 7,912 18,751 0,42
Age group Male Female Total Percent
0-14 475,419 395,094 870,513 19,49
15-64 2,132,629 1,239,893 3,372,522 75,54
65+ 109,053 60,526 169,579 3,80

Life expectancy

Period Life expectancy in
Years
Period Life expectancy in
Years
1950–1955 53.6 1985–1990 71.6
1955–1960 58.3 1990–1995 72.4
1960–1965 62.0 1995–2000 73.0
1965–1970 64.9 2000–2005 73.3
1970–1975 67.1 2005–2010 73.7
1975–1980 68.7 2010–2015 74.3
1980–1985 70.3 2015–2020 75.1

Source: UN World Population Prospects[17]

CIA World Factbook demographic statistics


Population pyramid 2017

The following demographic statistics are from the CIA World Factbook, unless otherwise indicated.

Age structure
  • 0–14 years: 25.8% (male 348,816; female 321,565)
  • 15–64 years: 72.2% (male 1,153,433; female 720,392)
  • 65 years and over: 2% (male 25,443; female 25,979) (2011 est.)
Population growth rate
  • 1.986% (2011 est.)
Gender ratio
  • at birth: 1.047 male(s)/female
  • under 15 years: 1.04 male(s)/female
  • 15–64 years: 1.79 male(s)/female
  • 65 years and over: 1.65 male(s)/female
  • total population: 1.54 male(s)/female (2011 est.)
Life expectancy at birth
  • total population: 77.09 years
  • male: 75.95 years
  • female: 78.3 years (2011 est.)
Total fertility rate
  • 2.64 children born/woman (2011 est.)
Nationality
  • noun: Kuwaiti(s)
  • adjective: Kuwaiti
Ethnic groups[18]
Languages[18]
Religions[18]
Literacy[18]
  • definition: age 15 and over can read and write
  • total population: 96.1%
  • male: 96.7%
  • female: 94.9% (2018 est.)

See also


References


  1. "Kuwait steps up deportations of expat workers". Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  2. "2013 Population Census". Government of Kuwait. 2013. Archived from the original on 2014-03-13. Retrieved 2013-12-04.
  3. World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision Archived February 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  4. "THE BEDOONS OF KUWAIT Citizens without Citizenship". Human Rights Watch.
  5. "Kuwait's humanitarian disaster Inter-generational erasure, ethnic cleansing and genocide of the Bedoon". OHCHR. 2019.
  6. "No Dignity for Kuwait's 'Humanitarian' State - Kuwaiti's Laws and Policies of Ethnic Discrimination, Erasure and Genocide Against The Bedoon Minority Submission on 'Human Rights Protections for Minorities Recognised in the UN System'". Susan Kennedy Nour al Deen. 2020.
  7. "Kuwait Bedoon - Special Rapporteurs, United Nations, Requesting Investigation of Kuwait's Treatment of the Bedoon".
  8. "Government of United Kingdom". “The Kuwaiti Bedoon`s continued exclusion from nationality can only be understood in the light of the power struggle in a system which was largely based on sectarianism and tribalism within newly emerging emirates striving to assert their legitimacy and authority. The majority of the Bedoon are in fact an extended branch of tribes across the borders between Iraq, Iran, Syria and Saudi Arabia and are largely of the Muslim Shi'ite faith”.
  9. "State formation of Kuwait" (PDF). p. 83.
  10. "Exploring the perceptions of informed individuals about the education provisions of Bidoun in Kuwait". p. 13.
  11. Eman Shams Aldeen (September 19, 2012). "البدون فــي الكويـــت.. مواطنون بلا هوية". As-Safir Al-Arabi (in Arabic).
  12. "כוויית: עושר רב לצד מתחים אתניים ודיכוי". Israel Hayom (in Hebrew).
  13. "World Population Prospects: The 2010 Revision". Retrieved 24 October 2018.
  14. United nations. Demographic Yearbooks
  15. Archived 2013-03-09 at the Wayback Machine Central Statistical Bureau
  16. http://unstats.un.org/unsd/demographic/products/dyb/dyb2.htm
  17. "World Population Prospects – Population Division – United Nations". Retrieved 2017-07-15.
  18. "Middle East ::KUWAIT". CIA The World Factbook.