Dietrich Bonhoeffer (German: [ˈdiːtʁɪç ˈbɔn.høː.fɐ] (listen); 4 February 1906 – 9 April 1945) was a German Lutheran pastor, theologian, anti-Nazi dissident, and key founding member of the Confessing Church. His writings on Christianity's role in the secular world have become widely influential, and his book The Cost of Discipleship is described as a modern classic.
|Died||9 April 1945 39) (aged|
|Cause of death||Execution by hanging|
|Education||Staatsexamen (Tübingen), Doctor of Theology (Berlin), Privatdozent (Berlin)|
|Alma mater||Eberhard Karls University of Tübingen,|
Friedrich Wilhelms University of Berlin
|Church||Evangelical Church of the old-Prussian Union (1906–1933)|
Confessing Church (1933–1945)
|Writings||Author of several books and articles (see below)|
|Zion's Church congregation, Berlin |
German-speaking congregations of St. Paul's and Sydenham, London
|Associate lecturer at Frederick William University of Berlin (1931–1936)|
Student pastor at Technical College, Berlin (1931–1933)
Lecturer of Confessing Church candidates of pastorate in Finkenwalde (1935–1937)
|Part of a series on|
Apart from his theological writings, Bonhoeffer was known for his staunch resistance to the Nazi dictatorship, including vocal opposition to Hitler's euthanasia program and genocidal persecution of the Jews. He was arrested in April 1943 by the Gestapo and imprisoned at Tegel prison for one and a half years. Later, he was transferred to Flossenbürg concentration camp.
After being accused of being associated with the 20 July plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler, he was quickly tried along with other accused plotters, including former members of the Abwehr (the German Military Intelligence Office), and then hanged on 9 April 1945 as the Nazi regime was collapsing.