Dirty War

The Dirty War (Spanish: Guerra sucia) is the name used by the military junta or civic-military dictatorship of Argentina (Spanish: dictadura cívico-militar de Argentina) for the period of state terrorism[7][5][8] in Argentina[9][10] from 1976 to 1983 as a part of Operation Condor, during which military and security forces and right-wing death squads in the form of the Argentine Anticommunist Alliance (AAA, or Triple A)[11] hunted down any political dissidents and anyone believed to be associated with socialism, left-wing Peronism, or the Montoneros movement.[12][13][14][15]

Dirty War
Part of Cold War, Operation Condor, and Falklands War
Date1974–1983
Location
Argentina
Result
Belligerents

 Argentina

Supported by:

ERP
Montoneros
FAP

Supported by:
 Cuba
Commanders and leaders
Several far-left guerrillas
Casualties and losses
9,000–30,000 killed or disappeared[4][5][6]
Memorial at the former detention center of Quinta de Mendez [es]

It is estimated that between 9,000 and 30,000 people were killed or disappeared, many of whom were impossible to formally report due to the nature of state terrorism.[7][5] The primary target, like in many other South American countries participating in Operation Condor were communist guerrillas and sympathisers, but the target of Operation Condor also included students, militants, trade unionists, writers, journalists, artists and any citizens suspected of being left-wing activists, including Peronist guerrillas.[16] The disappeared included those thought to be a political or ideological threat to the junta, even vaguely, or those seen as antithetical to the neoliberal economic policies dictated by Operation Condor.[12][13][14] All were killed in an attempt by the junta to silence social and political opposition.[17]

Many members of the junta are currently in prison for crimes against humanity and genocide.[18][19]