District Council (Second)

The District Council (Second) functional constituency (Chinese: 區議會(第二)功能界別) was a functional constituency in the elections for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong which was created in the 2012 constitutional reform package. It was the largest functional constituency consisted of registered voters who were not eligible for voting in the other functional constituencies.

District Council (Second)
Former Functional Constituency
for the Legislative Council of Hong Kong
Country Hong Kong
Electorate4,196,680 (2020)[1]
Former constituency
Number of membersFive
  Starry Lee (DAB)
  Holden Chow (DAB)
Vacant (3)


In 2009, the government put forward the reform package of the election method of the 5th Legislative Council of Hong Kong in the 2012 LegCo election. Due to the resolution of the National People's Congress in 2007 the ratio of geographical constituency and functional constituency remained the same, the government's package suggested to add extra five seats in geographical constituency and functional constituency respectively. The five new functional constituency seats would be same as the District Council functional constituency, in which only district councillors could stand, nominate, and be elected.

The Democratic Party put forward a revised proposal that kept the restriction of candidates for the new District Council constituency to elected district councillors, but expanded the electorate to all registered voters in Hong Kong. The Democratic Party's proposal was accepted by the central authorities. In 2010, the LegCo passed the Consultation Document on the Methods for Selecting the Chief Executive and for Forming the LegCo in 2012 and the total 10 new seats in the sum of 5 seats of geographical constituencies and 5 seats of District Council (Second) functional constituency were created in the following 2012 LegCo election in September.

Electoral method

Only elected members of the District Councils can become nominees and nominate candidates. Nominees have to get at least 15 nominations in order to run and are elected by all registered voters anywhere in Hong Kong who fulfill both of the requirements below:

  • The voter does not belong to any other functional constituency, regardless of whether that constituency is contested or not in the election,[2] and
  • The voter did not request not to be registered for the District Council (Second) constituency when he or she registered as a voter or updated his or her information.

Since its voters are not part of the other functional constituencies, the District Council (Second) constituency is considered a de facto direct election and so the members elected are called the "Super District Councillors" or "5 Super Seats". The constituency is elected using proportional representation with the largest remainder method.

The constituency covers all regions of Hong Kong.

Returned members

LegCo members for District Council (Second)
Term Election Member Member Member Member Member
5th 2012 James To
Starry Lee
Frederick Fung
Chan Yuen-han
Albert Ho
6th 2016 Leung Yiu-chung
Holden Chow
Kwong Chun-yu
Vacant Vacant Vacant

Summary of seats won

Term Election Distribution
5th 2012
2 1 1 1
6th 2016
1 2 2
Democratic || 2 || 2
DAB || 1 || 2
ADPL || 1 ||
FTU || 1 ||
NWSC || || 1

Vote share summary

Democratic || 34.26 || 38.51
DAB || 29.96 || 29.77
ADPL || 16.47 || 0.90
FTU || 15.47 || 12.21
NWSC || || 15.89
Civic || || 1.48
Neo Democrats || || 1.24
Independent and Others || 3.84 ||

Electoral results

1 2 2

Vote share

  Democratic (38.51%)
  DAB (29.77%)
  NWSC (15.89%)
  FTU (12.21%)
  Civic (1.48%)
  Neo Democrats (1.24%)
  ADPL (0.90%)
2016 Legislative Council election: District Council (Second)
List Candidates Votes % ±
Quota 381,994 20.00
Democratic Kwong Chun-yu 491,667 25.74
DAB Starry Lee Wai-king
Hung Lin-cham, Chu Lap-wai, Ngan Man-yu, Siu Ka-yi
304,222 15.93 –1.48
NWSC Leung Yiu-chung 303,457 15.89 N/A
DAB Holden Chow Ho-ding
Li Sai-wing, Nixie Lam Lam, Mo Shing-fung
264,339 13.84 +1.29
Democratic James To Kun-sun 243,930 12.77 –7.11
FTU Wong Kwok-hing, Mok Kin-wing, Wong Wang-to, Lau Kwai-yung 233,236 12.21 –3.26
Civic Sumly Chan Yuen-sum 28,311 1.48 N/A
Neo Democrats Kwan Wing-yip, Hui Yui-yu, Lai Ming-chak 22,631 1.24 N/A
ADPL Kalvin Ho Kai-ming 17,175 0.90 N/A
Total valid votes 1,909,968 100.00
Rejected ballots 73,081
Turnout 1,983,049 57.09 +5.14
Registered electors 3,473,792
2 1 1 1

Vote share

  Democratic (34.26%)
  DAB (29.96%)
  ADPL (16.47%)
  FTU (15.47%)
  Other (3.84%)
2012 Legislative Council election: District Council (Second)
List Candidates Votes % ±
Quota 318,374 20.00
Democratic James To Kun-sun
Andrew Chiu Ka-yin, Au Nok-hin
316,468 19.88
DAB Starry Lee Wai-king
Hung Lin-cham, Chan Hok-fung, Chu Lap-wai, Ngan Man-yu
277,143 17.41
ADPL Frederick Fung Kin-kee
Hui Kam-shing
262,172 16.47
FTU Chan Yuen-han
Dennis Leung Tsz-wing, Wong Yun-cheong
246,196 15.47
Democratic Ho Chun-yan
Kwong Chun-yu, Lam Siu-fai
228,840 14.38
DAB (Civil Force) Lau Kong-wah 199,732 12.55
Independent Pamela Peck Wan-kam 61,321 3.85
Total valid votes 1,591,872 100.00
Rejected ballots 80,921
Turnout 1,672,793 51.95
Registered electors 3,219,755

See also