Districts of England

The districts of England (also known as local authority districts or local government districts to distinguish from unofficial city districts) are a level of subnational division of England used for the purposes of local government.[1] As the structure of local government in England is not uniform, there are currently four principal types of district-level subdivision. There are a total of 309 districts made up of 36 metropolitan boroughs, 32 London boroughs, 181 non-metropolitan districts and 58 unitary authorities, as well as the City of London and Isles of Scilly which are also districts, but do not correspond to any of these categories. Some districts are styled as cities, boroughs or royal boroughs; these are purely honorific titles and do not alter the status of the district or the powers of their councils. All boroughs and cities (and a few districts) are led by a mayor who in most cases is a ceremonial figure elected by the district council, but—after local government reform—is occasionally a directly elected mayor who makes most of the policy decisions instead of the council.

District
  • Also known as:
  • Local authority district
    Local government district
CategoryAdministrative district
LocationEngland
Found inCounties
Created byLocal Government Act 1972
London Government Act 1963
Created
  • mostly 1 April 1974
  • and 1 April 1965
  • some earlier (see text)
Number309 (as of 1 April 2021)
Possible types
Possible status
Populations2,300 – 1.1 million
Areas3 – 5,013 km2
(1 – 1,936 sq mi)

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