Dmitry Medvedev

Dmitry Anatolyevich Medvedev (Russian: Дмитрий Анатольевич Медведев, IPA: [ˈdmʲitrʲɪj ɐnɐˈtolʲjɪvʲɪtɕ mʲɪdˈvʲedʲɪf]; born 14 September 1965) is a Russian politician who has been serving as the deputy chairman of the Security Council of Russia since 2020.[2] Medvedev also served as the president of Russia between 2008 and 2012 and prime minister of Russia between 2012 and 2020.[3]

Dmitry Medvedev
Дмитрий Медведев
Official portrait, 2016
Deputy Chairman of the Security Council
Assumed office
16 January 2020
ChairmanVladimir Putin
Preceded byOffice established
Leader of United Russia
Assumed office
30 May 2012
Secretary GeneralAndrey Turchak
Preceded byVladimir Putin
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of the Union State
In office
18 July 2012  16 January 2020
Secretary GeneralGrigory Rapota
Preceded byVladimir Putin
Succeeded byMikhail Mishustin
Prime Minister of Russia
In office
8 May 2012  16 January 2020
PresidentVladimir Putin
First DeputyViktor Zubkov
Igor Shuvalov
Anton Siluanov
Preceded byVladimir Putin
Succeeded byMikhail Mishustin
President of Russia
In office
7 May 2008  7 May 2012
Prime MinisterVladimir Putin
Preceded byVladimir Putin
Succeeded byVladimir Putin
First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
In office
14 November 2005  12 May 2008
Serving with Sergei Ivanov
Prime MinisterMikhail Fradkov
Viktor Zubkov
Preceded byMikhail Kasyanov
Succeeded byViktor Zubkov
Igor Shuvalov
Chief of Staff of the Kremlin
In office
30 October 2003  14 November 2005
PresidentVladimir Putin
Preceded byAlexander Voloshin
Succeeded bySergey Sobyanin
Personal details
Born (1965-09-14) 14 September 1965 (age 56)
Leningrad, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union (now Saint Petersburg, Russia)
Political partyUnited Russia
Other political
(before 1991)
(m. 1993)
EducationLeningrad State University
WebsiteOfficial website

Medvedev was elected president in the 2008 election. He was regarded as more liberal than his predecessor, Vladimir Putin, who was also appointed prime minister during Medvedev's presidency. Medvedev's top agenda as president was a wide-ranging modernisation programme, aiming at modernising Russia's economy and society, and lessening the country's reliance on oil and gas. During Medvedev's tenure, the New START nuclear arms reduction treaty was signed by Russia and the United States, Russia emerged victorious in the Russo-Georgian War, and recovered from the Great Recession. Medvedev also launched an anti-corruption campaign, despite later being accused of corruption himself.

He served a single term in office and was succeeded by Putin following the 2012 presidential election. Medvedev was then appointed by Putin as prime minister. He resigned along with the rest of the government on 15 January 2020 to allow Putin to make sweeping constitutional changes; he was succeeded by Mikhail Mishustin on 16 January 2020. On the same day, Putin appointed Medvedev to the new office of deputy chairman of the Security Council.[4]

In the views of some analysts, Medvedev's presidency did seem to promise positive changes, both at home and in ties with the West, signaling "the possibility of a new, more liberal period in Russian politics"; however, he later seemed to adopt increasingly radical positions.[5][6][7]

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