The Dnieper /(də)ˈnpər/[2][3] is one of the major rivers of Europe, rising in the Valdai Hills near Smolensk, Russia, before flowing through Belarus and Ukraine to the Black Sea. It is the longest river of Ukraine and Belarus and the fourth-longest river in Europe, after Volga, Danube and Ural. The total length is approximately 2,200 km (1,400 mi)[4] with a drainage basin of 504,000 square kilometres (195,000 sq mi). Historically, the river was an important barrier, dividing Ukraine into right and left banks. Nowadays, the river is noted for its dams and hydroelectric stations. The Dnieper is an important navigable waterway for the economy of Ukraine and is connected via the Dnieper–Bug Canal to other waterways in Europe.

The Dnieper River in Dnipropetrovsk Oblast, Ukraine
Dnieper River drainage basin
Native nameДнепр  (Russian)
Дняпро  (Belarusian)
Дніпро  (Ukrainian)
  • Russia
  • Belarus
  • Ukraine
Physical characteristics
  locationValdai Hills, Russia
  coordinates55°52′18.08″N 33°43′27.08″E
  elevation220 m (720 ft)
MouthDnieper Delta
46°30′00″N 32°20′00″E
0 m (0 ft)
Length2,201 km (1,368 mi)
Basin size504,000 km2 (195,000 sq mi)
  average1,670 m3/s (59,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
  leftSozh, Desna, Trubizh, Supiy, Sula, Psel, Vorskla, Samara, Konka, Bilozerka
  rightDrut, Berezina, Prypiat, Teteriv, Irpin, Stuhna, Ros, Tiasmyn, Bazavluk, Inhulets
Protection status
Official nameDnieper River Floodplain
Designated29 May 2014
Reference no.2244[1]

In antiquity, the river was known to the Greeks as the Borysthenes and was part of the Amber Road.