The term Dnieper Ukraine (Ukrainian: Наддніпрянщина, Naddnipryanshchyna: "over Dnieper land"), usually refers to territory on either side of the middle course of the Dnieper River. The Ukrainian name derives from nad‑ (prefix: “above, over”) + Dnipró ("Dnieper") + ‑shchyna (suffix denoting a geographic region).
The term Dnieper Ukraine appeared soon after the partitions of Poland when Ukraine as former territory of the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth became divided between the Russian Empire and Austrian Empire and was referred to the Russian controlled Ukraine. The term was phased away soon after 1939.
The Museum of Folk Architecture and Way of Life of Central Naddnipryanshchyna is located in Pereiaslav. This open-air museum contains thirteen themed museums, one hundred twenty two examples of national architecture, and over thirty thousand historical cultural objects.
Geographically, the term refers to territory of Ukraine along Dnieper.