Don (river)

The Don (Russian: Дон, IPA: [don]) is the fifth-longest river in Europe. Flowing from Central Russia to the Sea of Azov in Southern Russia, it is one of Russia's largest rivers and played an important role for traders from the Byzantine Empire.

Don
The Don in Voronezh Oblast.
Catchment of the Don
Native nameДон  (Russian)
Location
CountryRussia
RegionTula Oblast, Lipetsk Oblast, Voronezh Oblast, Volgograd Oblast, Rostov Oblast
CitiesVoronezh, Rostov-on-Don
Physical characteristics
Source 
  locationNovomoskovsk, Tula Oblast
  coordinates54°00′43″N 38°16′41″E
  elevation238 m (781 ft)
MouthSea of Azov
  location
Kagal'nik, Rostov Oblast
  coordinates
47°05′11″N 39°14′19″E
  elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Length1,870 km (1,160 mi)
Basin size425,600 km2 (164,300 sq mi)
Discharge 
  average935 m3/s (33,000 cu ft/s)
Basin features
Tributaries 
  leftKhopyor
  rightSeversky Donets

Its basin is between the Dnieper basin to the west, the lower Volga basin immediately to the east, and the Oka basin (tributary of the Volga) to the north. Native to much of the basin were Slavic nomads.[1]

The Don rises in the town of Novomoskovsk 60 kilometres (37 mi) southeast of Tula (in turn 193 kilometres (120 mi) south of Moscow), and flows 1,870 kilometres to the Sea of Azov. The river's upper half ribbles (meanders subtly) south however its lower half consists of a great eastern curve, including Voronezh, making its final stretch, an estuary, run west south-west. The main city on the river is Rostov-on-Don. Its main tributary is the Seversky Donets, centred on the mid-eastern end of Ukraine, thus the other country in the overall basin. To the east of a series of three great ship locks and associated ponds is the 101-kilometre (63 mi) Volga-Don Canal.