Double whole note
In medieval mensural notation, the brevis was one of the shortest note lengths in use, hence its name, which is the Latin etymon of "brief". In "perfect" rhythmic mode, the brevis was a third of a longa, or in "imperfect" mode, half a longa.[vague]
In modern notation, a breve is commonly represented in either of two ways: by a hollow oval note head, like a whole note, with one or two vertical lines on either side, as on the left and right of the image, or as the rectangular shape also found in older notation, shown in the middle of the image.
Breve (double-whole) rest
A related symbol is the double whole rest (double rest or breve rest), which usually denotes a silence for the same duration.) Double whole rests are drawn as filled-in rectangles occupying the whole vertical space between the second and third lines from the top of the musical staff. They are often used in long silent passages which are not divided into separate bars to indicate a rest of two bars, regardless of the duration of each bar. This and longer rests are collectively known as multiple rests.
Alla breve, the time signature 2
2, takes its name from the note value breve. In the mensural notation of the Renaissance, it was an alternative term for proportio dupla, which meant that the brevis was to be considered the unit of time (tactus), instead of the usual semibrevis. The old symbol , used as an alternative to the numerical proportion 2:1 in mensural notation, is carried over into modern notational practice to indicate a smaller relative value per note shape. It is normally used for music in a relatively quick tempo, where it indicates two minim (half note) beats in a bar of four crotchets (quarter notes), while is the equivalent of 4
4, with four crotchet beats.
- Baker, Theodore (1895). "Note". A Dictionary of Musical Terms: Containing Upwards of 9,000 English, French, German, Italian, Latin, and Greek Words and Phrases (Revised and enlarged third ed.). New York: G. Schirmer.
- Burrowes, John Freckleton (1874). Piano-forte Primer: Containing the Rudiments of Music Adapted for Either Private Tuition Or Teaching in Classes Together with a Guide to Practice (with important additions by L.H. Southard, revised and modernized new ed.). Boston and New York: Oliver Ditson.
- Gehrkens, Karl Wilson (1914). Music Notation and Terminology. New York / Chicago: The A.S. Barnes Co. / Laidlaw Brothers.
- Gerou, Tom; Lusk, Linda (1996). Essential Dictionary of Music Notation. Essential Dictionary Series. Los Angeles: Alfred Music Publishing. ISBN 0-88284-730-9.
- Hoppin, Richard H. (1978). Medieval Music. W W Norton & Company. ISBN 0-393-09090-6.
- Jacob, Archibald (1960). Musical Handwriting: Or, How to Put Music on Paper, A Handbook for All Musicians, Professional and Amateur (revised second ed.). London: Oxford University Press.
- Read, Gardner (1969). Music Notation: A Manual of Modern Practice (second ed.). Boston: Alleyn and Bacon, Inc.
- Wright, Peter (2001). "Alla breve". In Sadie, Stanley; Tyrrell, John (eds.). The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians (second ed.). London: Macmillan Publishers.