Dublin (European Parliament constituency)


Dublin is a constituency of the European Parliament in Ireland. It elects 4 Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) using proportional representation by means of the single transferable vote (STV).

Dublin
European Parliament constituency
Location among the current constituencies
Dublin shown within Ireland
Member stateIreland
Created1979
MEPs4 (1979–2009)
3 (2009–2020)
4 (2020–)
Sources

History and boundaries


The constituency was created in 1979 for the first direct elections to the European Parliament.[1] From 1979 to 1994, it comprised County Dublin and the city of Dublin. Since 1994 it comprises the same area redefined as the counties of Dún Laoghaire–Rathdown, Fingal, South Dublin and the city of Dublin.[2]

From 1979 to 2004, it elected 4 MEPs; this was reduced to 3 for the 2009 election. For the 2019 European Parliament election, a reapportionment following Brexit and the loss of 73 MEPs from the United Kingdom gave two additional seats to Ireland. Following a recommendation of the Constituency Commission, Dublin gained an extra seat, from 3 to 4. However, the last candidate elected will not take their seat until after the United Kingdom has withdrawn from the European Union.[3][4][5][2][6]

Elections Seats
1979, 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2004 4[1][7][8]
2009, 2014 3[9][10]
2019 4[nb 1]

    MEPs


    Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) for Dublin 1979
    Key to parties
    Parl.ElectionMember
    (Party)
    Member
    (Party)
    Member
    (Party)
    Member
    (Party)
    1st1979[11] John O'Connell
    (Lab)
    Richie Ryan
    (FG)
    Michael O'Leary
    (Lab)
    Síle de Valera
    (FF)
    1981[nb 2] John Horgan
    (Lab)
    1981[nb 3] Frank Cluskey
    (Lab)
    1983[nb 2] Flor O'Mahony
    (Lab)
    1983[nb 3] Brendan Halligan
    (Lab)
    2nd1984[12] Eileen Lemass
    (FF)
    Mary Banotti
    (FG)
    Niall Andrews
    (FF)
    1986[nb 4] Chris O'Malley
    (FG)
    3rd1989[13] Proinsias De Rossa
    (WP)
    Barry Desmond
    (Lab)
    1992[nb 5] Des Geraghty
    (DL)
    4th1994[14] Patricia McKenna
    (GP)
    Bernie Malone
    (Lab)
    5th1999[15] Proinsias De Rossa
    (Lab)
    6th2004[16] Mary Lou McDonald
    (SF)
    Gay Mitchell
    (FG)
    Eoin Ryan
    (FF)
    7th2009[17] Joe Higgins
    (SP)
    3 seats
    2009–2020
    2011[nb 6] Paul Murphy
    (SP)
    2012[nb 7] Emer Costello
    (Lab)
    8th2014[18] Lynn Boylan
    (SF)
    Nessa Childers
    (Ind)
    Brian Hayes
    (FG)
    9th2019[19] Ciarán Cuffe
    (GP)
    Clare Daly
    (I4C)
    Frances Fitzgerald
    (FG)
    Barry Andrews[nb 1]
    (FF)

    Note: The columns in this table are used only for presentational purposes, and no significance should be attached to the order of columns. For details of the order in which seats were won at each election, see the detailed results of that election.

    Elections


    2019 election

    2019 European Parliament election: Dublin[20][21]
    PartyCandidateFPv%Count
    12345678910111213141516
    Green Ciarán Cuffe 17.5 63,849 63,895 63,997 64,314 64,406 64,588 64,853 65,291 65,683 66,370 69,282 71,255 73,028      
    Fine Gael Frances Fitzgerald 16.2 59,067 59,089 59,135 59,250 59,317 59,375 59,448 59,575 59,724 60,062 61,528 61,880 72,446 78,580    
    Fianna Fáil Barry Andrews[nb 1] 14.1 51,420 51,446 51,506 51,599 51,708 51,913 51,997 52,078 52,451 53,159 53,980 54,418 56,110 59,619 63,177 68,952
    Inds. 4 Change Clare Daly 11.6 42,305 42,344 42,391 42,533 42,673 42,744 43,400 44,159 45,570 46,850 48,559 52,382 52,930 55,752 65,683 87,770
    Sinn Féin Lynn Boylan 10.8 39,387 39,428 39,457 39,526 39,646 39,701 40,045 40,470 41,786 42,317 42,873 45,216 45,552 46,704 51,632  
    Social Democrats Gary Gannon 5.6 20,331 20,360 20,398 20,507 20,578 20,647 21,002 21,561 22,054 22,426 24,051 25,502 25,915 29,720    
    Labour Alex White 5.0 18,293 18,312 18,350 18,414 18,445 18,513 18,942 19,088 19,226 19,661 20,905 21,303 22,205      
    Fine Gael Mark Durkan 4.5 16,473 16,488 16,534 16,562 16,637 16,704 16,733 16,778 16,875 17,144 17,480 17,649        
    People Before Profit Gillian Brien 3.0 10,864 10,896 10,918 10,968 11,006 11,036 11,370 13,134 13,584 13,912 14,358          
    Independent Alice Mary Higgins 3.0 10,846 10,867 10,907 11,045 11,129 11,228 11,434 11,751 12,039 12,887            
    Independent Ben Gilroy 2.1 7,594 7,627 7,648 7,689 8,051 8,450 8,511 8,609                
    Independent Gemma O'Doherty 1.8 6,659 6,689 6,782 6,867 7,594 8,451 8,661 8,768 10,622              
    Solidarity Rita Harrold 1.4 4,967 4,999 5,028 5,088 5,125 5,171 5,607                  
    Workers' Party Éilis Ryan 1.0 3,701 3,722 3,745 3,784 3,817 3,895                    
    Independent Eamonn Murphy 0.7 2,519 2,575 2,666 2,750 2,915                      
    Independent Hermann Kelly 0.7 2,441 2,473 2,506 2,539                        
    Independent Aisling McNiffe 0.4 1,572 1,641 1,690                          
    Independent Mark Mullan 0.3 932 969                            
    Independent Tony Bosco Lowth 0.2 727                              
    Electorate: 884,118   Valid: 363,947   Spoilt: 15,345 (4.1%)   Quota: 72,790   Turnout: 379,292 (42.9%)

      The count was suspended overnight after count 14 to clarify whether Lynn Boylan's votes should be redistributed between the two continuing candidates, Barry Andrews and Clare Daly.[23][24] The usual count rules had been amended so the practice of deeming candidates elected without reaching the quota would not apply.[25] This gives a more precise ordering between the final candidates to be elected, which is important in 2019 because the last candidate elected could not take their seat until the reallocation of seats in the European Parliament which took place when Brexit had taken effect and the MEPs elected for the United Kingdom vacated their seats on 31 January 2020.[22]

      2014 election

      2014 European Parliament election: Dublin[18]
      PartyCandidateFPv%Count
      1234567
      Sinn Féin Lynn Boylan 23.6 83,264 84,289 89,764        
      Fine Gael Brian Hayes 15.5 54,676 55,132 55,656 63,591 65,132 73,317 73,405
      Fianna Fáil Mary Fitzpatrick 12.6 44,283 44,954 45,779 48,360 50,585    
      Green Eamon Ryan 12.5 44,078 45,173 47,256 53,179 59,803 71,909 72,256
      Independent Nessa Childers 10.2 35,939 37,706 41,787 46,531 59,955 72,413 73,598
      Socialist Party Paul Murphy 8.5 29,953 31,310 39,313 41,373      
      Labour Emer Costello 7.4 25,961 26,232 27,194        
      People Before Profit Bríd Smith 6.8 23,875 25,539          
      Direct Democracy Tom D'Arcy 1.1 4,022            
      Direct Democracy Raymond Whitehead 0.9 3,133            
      Independent Jim Tallon 0.6 2,244            
      Fís Nua Damon Wise 0.3 1,147            
      Electorate: 820,668   Valid: 352,575   Spoilt: 6,368 (1.8%)   Quota: 88,144   Turnout: 358,943 (43.7%)

        2009 election

        Posters in Upper Leeson Street for candidates in the Euro and local elections
        2009 European Parliament election: Dublin[17][26]
        PartyCandidateFPv%Count
        1234567
        Fine Gael Gay Mitchell 23.8 96,715 99,098 100,810 104,413      
        Labour Proinsias De Rossa[nb 7] 20.5 83,471 85,217 87,274 94,306 95,636 103,225  
        Fianna Fáil Eoin Ryan 13.6 55,346 56,317 66,205 68,517 69,122 71,530 76,956
        Socialist Party Joe Higgins[nb 6] 12.4 50,510 52,457 53,038 55,116 55,351 60,165 82,366
        Sinn Féin Mary Lou McDonald 11.8 47,928 50,097 50,980 52,447 52,529 55,429  
        Green Déirdre de Búrca 4.7 19,086 20,226 21,991        
        Fianna Fáil Eibhlin Byrne 4.7 18,956 19,448          
        Independent Patricia McKenna 4.3 17,521 21,523 22,380 25,213 25,636    
        Libertas Caroline Simons 3.3 13,514            
        Independent Emmanuel Sweeney 0.9 3,583            
        Electorate: 812,465   Valid: 406,630   Spoilt: 6,054 (1.5%)   Quota: 101,658   Turnout: 412,684 (50.8%)

          For the 2009 election, the constituency was reduced from 4 seats to 3.

          2004 election

          2004 European Parliament election: Dublin[16]
          PartyCandidateFPv%Count
          123456
          Fine Gael Gay Mitchell 21.5 90,749          
          Fianna Fáil Eoin Ryan 14.6 61,681 62,939 64,876 65,923 85,810  
          Sinn Féin Mary Lou McDonald 14.3 60,395 60,689 62,030 68,355 72,153 76,543
          Labour Proinsias De Rossa 12.9 54,344 56,243 57,466 62,424 66,570 96,094
          Labour Ivana Bacik 9.7 40,707 41,703 42,624 45,413 47,520  
          Green Patricia McKenna 9.6 40,445 41,506 44,684 49,101 51,892 59,543
          Fianna Fáil Royston Brady 8.6 36,269 36,593 37,423 38,324    
          Socialist Party Joe Higgins 5.5 23,218 23,460 24,541      
          Christian Solidarity Barry Despard 1.3 5,352 5,443        
          Independent Brendan Price 1.1 4,813 4,931        
          Independent Tom Prendeville 0.5 2,071 2,124        
          Independent Paul Doonan 0.4 1,853 1,886        
          Electorate: 821,723   Valid: 421,897   Spoilt: 13,239 (3.0%)   Quota: 84,380   Turnout: 435,136 (52.9%)

            1999 election

            1999 European Parliament election: Dublin[15]
            PartyCandidateFPv%Count
            12345678
            Fine Gael Mary Banotti 20.2 56,593              
            Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 15.7 44,176 44,731 45,967 46,481 47,931 50,439 71,423  
            Green Patricia McKenna 12.7 35,659 37,988 39,818 43,662 48,299 54,883 56,992  
            Labour Proinsias De Rossa 10.2 28,748 29,522 29,882 31,849 37,820 41,605 43,536 47,018
            Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 9.9 27,873 28,483 30,402 31,296 33,845 34,942 37,051 41,489
            Fianna Fáil Ben Briscoe 8.9 25,065 25,457 26,917 27,322 27,727 29,616    
            Sinn Féin Seán Crowe 6.6 18,633 19,070 19,735 21,147 21,703      
            Labour Bernie Malone 5.7 15,890 16,570 16,982 18,272        
            Socialist Party Joe Higgins 3.8 10,619 11,360 11,697          
            Christian Solidarity Gerard Casey 3.4 9,425 9,867            
            Independent Ciaran Goulding 2.0 5,546              
            Independent Adam Goodwin 0.5 1,438              
            Natural Law John Burns 0.4 1,006              
            Electorate: 793,200   Valid: 280,671   Spoilt: 6,013 (2.1%)   Quota: 56,135   Turnout: 286,684 (36.1%)

              1994 election

              1994 European Parliament election: Dublin[27][28]
              PartyCandidateFPv%Count
              123456789101112
              Green Patricia McKenna 14.5 40,388 40,928 42,548 45,348 46,058 47,551 49,999 50,879 54,933 57,749    
              Fine Gael Mary Banotti 13.7 38,053 38,160 38,898 38,984 39,857 41,999 42,461 42,965 43,839 46,521 47,032 53,897
              Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 13.3 36,877 36,935 37,553 38,133 41,272 41,771 42,795 53,466 54,778 56,904    
              Fine Gael Jim Mitchell 10.1 28,116 28,180 28,827 28,981 29,243 30,704 32,199 33,037 35,006 36,037 36,210 42,112
              Democratic Left Pat Rabbitte 8.7 24,133 24,219 24,645 25,206 25,460 26,636 27,054 27,532 31,500 33,677 34,210  
              Labour Bernie Malone 8.1 22,419 22,510 22,878 23,393 24,088 24,813 25,257 26,269 28,748 36,724 37,352 47,696
              Labour Orla Guerin 6.0 16,674 16,765 16,962 17,303 17,977 18,311 18,527 18,929 20,225      
              Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 5.7 15,830 15,965 16,249 17,338 17,547 17,763 18,211 18,579        
              Fianna Fáil John Stafford 4.6 12,811 12,838 13,178 13,661 14,959 15,170 16,349          
              Independent Eamonn Murphy 3.4 9,296 9,385 9,968 10,360 10,431 10,567            
              Fianna Fáil Olive Braiden 3.0 8,237 8,274 8,419 8,573                
              Progressive Democrats Stephen O'Byrnes 3.0 8,212 8,254 8,739 8,828 8,939              
              Sinn Féin Larry O'Toole 3.0 8,190 8,228 8,356                  
              Independent Paddy Madigan 2.5 6,903 7,106                    
              Natural Law John Burns 0.6 1,705                      
              Electorate: 755,486   Valid: 277,844   Spoilt: 2,917 (1.0%)   Quota: 55,569   Turnout: 280,761 (37.2%)

                1989 election

                1989 European Parliament election: Dublin[29][30]
                PartyCandidateFPv%Count
                123456
                Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 16.1 72,057 73,032 74,007 76,866 80,010 85,561
                Workers' Party Proinsias De Rossa[nb 5] 15.8 71,041 73,856 74,921 80,475 85,343 97,001
                Fianna Fáil Eileen Lemass 13.0 58,345 59,181 59,892 62,096 65,760 70,917
                Labour Barry Desmond 12.8 57,225 58,185 60,550 64,322 72,096 82,264
                Fine Gael Mary Banotti 11.3 50,666 50,952 66,176 68,973 83,489 93,420
                Green Trevor Sargent 8.3 37,317 39,602 40,767 46,912 51,199  
                Progressive Democrats Mary Harney 8.1 36,402 36,773 40,229 42,371    
                Fine Gael Chris O'Malley 5.9 26,574 26,895        
                Independent Raymond Crotty 5.7 25,525 27,854 28,413      
                Sinn Féin Ann Speed 2.6 11,582          
                Independent Tim Cahill 0.4 1,668          
                Electorate: 711,416   Valid: 448,402   Spoilt: 7,137 (1.6%)   Quota: 89,681   Turnout: 455,539 (64.0%)

                  1984 election

                  1984 European Parliament election: Dublin[31][32]
                  PartyCandidateFPv%Count
                  12345678
                  Fine Gael Richie Ryan[nb 4] 16.6 47,014 47,386 47,785 49,572 49,814 53,043 54,432 55,758
                  Fine Gael Mary Banotti 15.1 42,660 43,271 44,064 46,654 46,921 50,569 52,559 53,314
                  Fianna Fáil Niall Andrews 11.5 32,512 32,692 32,836 33,836 34,639 36,673 38,862 51,945
                  Fianna Fáil Eileen Lemass 11.1 31,350 31,483 31,590 31,890 33,011 34,902 36,834 53,903
                  Fianna Fáil Jim Tunney 10.8 30,488 30,588 30,641 30,845 31,969 33,492 35,305  
                  Labour Frank Cluskey 10.0 28,384 28,846 29,834 30,902 31,984 35,685 47,051 48,454
                  Workers' Party Des Geraghty 6.9 19,590 20,080 21,096 21,732 26,135 29,300    
                  Independent Seán Dublin Bay Loftus 6.2 17,385 18,498 19,796 21,576 23,295      
                  Sinn Féin John Noonan 5.2 14,604 14,730 14,844 14,959        
                  Independent Shane Ross 2.9 8,099 8,702 9,605          
                  Democratic Socialist John de Courcy Ireland 1.9 5,350 6,122            
                  Green Christopher Fettes 1.9 5,242              
                  Electorate: 704,873   Valid: 282,678   Spoilt: 6,153 (2.1%)   Quota: 56,536   Turnout: 288,831 (41.0%)

                    1979 election

                    1979 European Parliament election: Dublin[33][34]
                    PartyCandidateFPv%Count
                    12345678910
                    Fine Gael Richie Ryan 16.4 48,411 48,434 48,591 48,907 49,279 49,969 55,818 59,642    
                    Labour John O'Connell[nb 2] 15.2 44,832 44,896 48,028 48,428 52,880 53,399 54,757 60,855    
                    Fianna Fáil Síle de Valera 14.0 41,357 41,439 41,703 45,052 45,638 51,699 52,251 54,838 79,172  
                    Labour Michael O'Leary[nb 3] 11.7 34,511 34,548 35,981 36,306 38,353 38,760 39,946 43,598 44,687 47,085
                    Fine Gael Nuala Fennell 9.1 26,951 27,032 28,052 28,229 28,679 29,047 34,064 38,980 39,974 42,824
                    Independent Seán Dublin Bay Rockall Loftus 7.4 21,769 21,994 22,644 22,870 24,655 25,164 25,991      
                    Fianna Fáil Ruairí Brugha 7.4 21,758 21,798 21,876 23,066 23,326 28,403 28,555 30,099    
                    Fine Gael Maurice Manning 4.8 14,296 14,326 14,575 14,764 15,142 15,464        
                    Fianna Fáil Michael Yeats 4.3 12,715 12,729 12,779 14,402 14,543          
                    Sinn Féin – The Workers' Party Tomás Mac Giolla 4.0 11,915 11,986 12,444 12,563            
                    Fianna Fáil Joe Fox 2.8 8,178 8,199 8,365              
                    Labour Jane Dillon Byrne 2.6 7,807 7,968                
                    Independent Kevin Clear 0.3 915                  
                    Electorate: 618,454   Valid: 295,415   Spoilt: 8,653 (2.9%)   Quota: 59,084   Turnout: 304,068 (49.2%)

                      See also


                      Notes


                      1. Barry Andrews, the fourth candidate elected in 2019, did not take his seat until the UK left the EU and its MEPs vacated their seats on 31 January 2020.[22][23]
                      2. John O'Connell was substituted by John Horgan (LAB / PES) on 21 October 1981. John Horgan resigned on 1 January 1983 and was substituted by Flor O'Mahony (LAB / PES) on 2 March 1983.
                      3. Michael O'Leary was substituted by Frank Cluskey (LAB / PES) on 1 July 1981. Frank Cluskey was substituted by Brendan Halligan (LAB / PES) on 2 March 1983.
                      4. Richie Ryan was substituted by Chris O'Malley (FG / EPP) on 3 June 1986.
                      5. Proinsias De Rossa was substituted by Des Geraghty (DL / EUL) on 18 February 1992.
                      6. Joe Higgins was substituted by Paul Murphy (SP / GUE/NGL) on 1 April 2011.
                      7. Proinsias De Rossa was substituted by Emer Costello (LAB / S&D) in February 2012.

                      References


                      1. "European Assembly Elections Act, 1977: Schedule (Constituencies)". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 22 November 2011.
                      2. "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2019, Substitution of Third Schedule to Principal Act". Irish Statute Book. 12 March 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
                      3. European Council Decision (EU) 2018/937 of 28 June 2018 establishing the composition of the European Parliament
                      4. "Dublin and Ireland South to gain extra European Parliament seats". RTÉ News. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 25 September 2018.
                      5. "Report on European Parliament Constituencies 2018" (PDF). Constituency Commission. 24 September 2018. Retrieved 23 March 2019.
                      6. "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2019, Section 6". Irish Statute Book. 12 March 2019. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
                      7. "European Parliament Elections Act 1997, Third Schedule". Irish Statute Book. 24 February 1997. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
                      8. "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2004, Section 4". Irish Statute Book. 27 February 2004. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
                      9. "Electoral (Amendment) Act 2009, Section 8". Irish Statute Book. 24 February 2009. Retrieved 11 April 2019.
                      10. "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2014, Section 3". Irish Statute Book database. Retrieved 14 December 2015.
                      11. "1979 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
                      12. "1984 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
                      13. "1989 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
                      14. "1994 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 23 August 2010.
                      15. "1999 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 3 January 2010.
                      16. "2004 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 22 March 2009.
                      17. "2009 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 21 April 2009.
                      18. "2014 European Parliament election – Dublin constituency". ElectionsIreland.org. Retrieved 29 April 2014.
                      19. https://www.thejournal.ie/liveblog-day-four-4657175-May2019/
                      20. "Runners and riders line up for Euro election race". RTÉ News. 2 February 2019.
                      21. Dublin County Returning Officer. "Candidates for European Parliament Election 2019".
                      22. Phelan, John Paul (28 February 2019). "European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Bill 2019: Committee and Remaining Stages". Dáil Éireann (32nd Dáil) debates. Oireachtas. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
                      23. "Daly, Andrews take final Dublin seats in Euro Elections". RTÉ News. 28 May 2019. Archived from the original on 9 June 2019. Retrieved 28 May 2019.
                      24. McCrave, Conor (28 May 2019). "Dublin MEP count suspended amid questions over vote transfers". TheJournal.ie. Retrieved 30 May 2019. The most recent candidate to be eliminated was Gary Gannon, whose votes are yet to be officially distributed.
                      25. European Parliament Elections Act 1997, Second Schedule, Rule 88(4) — inserted by European Parliament Elections (Amendment) Act 2019, section 6(h)(iii)
                      26. "Nominations close for Europe elections". RTÉ News. 11 May 2009. Retrieved 12 May 2009.
                      27. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/1994-european-elections-results
                      28. http://irelandelection.com/electiondetail.php?elecid=216&constitid=475&electype=7
                      29. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/1989-european-elections-results
                      30. http://irelandelection.com/electiondetail.php?elecid=215&constitid=475&electype=7
                      31. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/1984-european-elections-results
                      32. http://irelandelection.com/electiondetail.php?elecid=214&constitid=475&electype=7
                      33. https://www.europarl.europa.eu/ireland/en/your-meps/1979-european-elections-results
                      34. http://irelandelection.com/electiondetail.php?elecid=213&constitid=475&electype=7