Duchy of Brabant

The Duchy of Brabant was a State of the Holy Roman Empire established in 1183. It developed from the Landgraviate of Brabant and formed the heart of the historic Low Countries, part of the Burgundian Netherlands from 1430 and of the Habsburg Netherlands from 1482, until it was partitioned after the Dutch revolt.

Duchy of Brabant
Hertogdom Brabant (nl)
Duché de Brabant (fr)
Ducatus Brabantiae  (Latin)
1183–1794
Flag
Coat of arms (1459)
The Duchy of Brabant within the Seventeen Provinces of the Low Countries and the borders of the Holy Roman Empire (thick line)
Status
CapitalBrussels
Religion
Roman Catholicism
GovernmentFeudal Duchy
Duke of Brabant 
 1183/1184–1235
Henry I (first)
 1792–1793
Francis I (last)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
 Established
1183
 Inherited by Duchy of Burgundy
1430
 Inherited by House of Habsburg
1482
 Inherited by Habsburg Spain
1556
30 January 1648
7 March 1714
18 September 1794
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Landgraviate of Brabant
Dutch Republic
French First Republic

Present-day North Brabant (Staats-Brabant) was ceded to the Generality Lands of the Dutch Republic according to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, while the reduced duchy remained part of the Southern Netherlands until it was conquered by French Revolutionary forces in 1794. Today all the duchy's former territories, apart from exclaves, are in Belgium except for the Dutch province of North Brabant.