Duchy of Carinthia

The Duchy of Carinthia (German: Herzogtum Kärnten; Slovene: Vojvodina Koroška) was a duchy located in southern Austria and parts of northern Slovenia. It was separated from the Duchy of Bavaria in 976, and was the first newly created Imperial State after the original German stem duchies.

Duchy of Carinthia
Herzogtum Kärnten (de)
Vojvodina Koroška (sl)
976–1918
Flag
Coat of arms
Carinthia (yellow) within Inner Austria, c. 1790
StatusState of the Holy Roman Empire (until 1806),
Part of the Habsburg monarchy (from 1526),
constituent land of the Austrian Empire (1804–67),
Cisleithanian crown land of Austria-Hungary (from 1867)
CapitalSankt Veit an der Glan (Šentvid ob Glini) until 1518, then Klagenfurt (Celovec)
Common languagesSouthern Bavarian, Carinthian Slovene
GovernmentDuchy
Duke 
 976–978
Henry I (first)
 1916–1918
Charles I (last)
Historical eraMiddle Ages
 Created Duchy
976
 To Habsburg dukes of Austria
1335
1379
 Joined Austrian Circle
1512
 Upper Carinthia ceded to Illyrian Provinces
1809
1815
 Disestablished
1918
1920
Preceded by
Succeeded by
March of Carinthia
Republic of German-Austria
Kingdom of Serbs, Croats and Slovenes
Kingdom of Italy
Today part ofAustria
Croatia
Italy
Slovenia

Carinthia remained a State of the Holy Roman Empire until its dissolution in 1806, though from 1335 it was ruled within the Austrian dominions of the Habsburg dynasty. A constituent part of the Habsburg monarchy and of the Austrian Empire, it remained a Cisleithanian crown land of Austria-Hungary until 1918. By the Carinthian Plebiscite in October 1920, the main area of the duchy formed the Austrian state of Carinthia.


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