City of Durham
Faith, foresight, and industry.
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Region||North East England|
|Ceremonial county||County Durham|
|Admin HQ||County Hall, Durham|
|Parish||1 April 2018|
|• Type||Civil parish|
|• Governing body||City of Durham Parish Council|
|• Total||12.4 sq mi (32.0 km2)|
|• Total||48,069 (urban area)|
|• Density||4,000/sq mi (1,500/km2)|
The settlement was founded over the final resting place of St Cuthbert. Durham Cathedral was a centre of pilgrimage in medieval England. Durham Castle has been the home of Durham University since 1832. Both 11th-century buildings, the castle and cathedral were designated as a World Heritage Site by UNESCO in 1986. It is the historic County Palatine of Durham's centre of governance. HM Prison Durham is also located close to the city centre and was built in 1816.