The name Dzungar people, also written as Zunghar (literally züüngar, from the Mongolian for "left hand"), referred to the several Oirat tribes who formed and maintained the Dzungar Khanate in the 17th and 18th centuries. Historically they were one of major tribes of the Four Oirat confederation. They were also known as the Eleuths or Ööled, from the Qing dynasty euphemism for the hated word "Dzungar" and also called "Kalmyks". In 2010, 15,520 people claimed "Ööled" ancestry in Mongolia. An unknown number also live in China, Russia and Kazakhstan.
|Mongolian Cyrillic||Зүүнгар, Mongolian pronunciation: [tsuːŋˈɢɑr]|
|Kazakh||Жоңғар, Kazakh pronunciation: [ʑwʊɴˈʁɑɾ]|