Early Dynastic Period (Egypt)

The Archaic or Early Dynastic Period of Egypt (also known as Thinite Period, from Thinis, the supposed hometown of its rulers[1]) is the era immediately following the unification of Upper and Lower Egypt c. 3100 BC. It is generally taken to include the First and Second Dynasties, lasting from the end of the Naqada III archaeological period until about 2686 BC, or the beginning of the Old Kingdom.[2] With the First Dynasty, the capital moved from Thinis to Memphis with a unified Egypt ruled by an Egyptian god-king. Abydos remained the major holy land in the south. The hallmarks of ancient Egyptian civilization, such as art, architecture and many aspects of religion, took shape during the Early Dynastic Period.

Early Dynastic Period of Egypt
c. 3150 BC  c. 2686 BC
Early Dynastic Period (Egypt) (Egypt)
CapitalThinis then Memphis
Common languagesAncient Egyptian
Religion
Ancient Egyptian religion
GovernmentMonarchy
Pharaoh 
 c. 3100 BC
Narmer (first)
 c. 2690 BC
Khasekhemwy (last)
History 
 Established
c. 3150 BC 
 Disestablished
 c. 2686 BC
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Lower Egypt
Upper Egypt
Old Kingdom of Egypt
Today part ofEgypt
Early Dynastic Period of Egypt - c. 3150 BC – c. 2686 BC

Before the unification of Egypt, the land was settled with autonomous villages. With the early dynasties, and for much of Egypt's history thereafter, the country came to be known as the Two Lands. The pharaohs established a national administration and appointed royal governors. The buildings of the central government were typically open-air temples constructed of wood or sandstone. The earliest Egyptian hieroglyphs appear just before this period, though little is known of the spoken language they represent.


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