Early modern France

The Kingdom of France (French: Royaume de France) in the early modern period, from the Renaissance (circa 1500–1550) to the Revolution (1789–1804), was a monarchy ruled by the House of Bourbon (a Capetian cadet branch). This corresponds to the so-called Ancien Régime ("old rule"). The territory of France during this period increased until it included essentially the extent of the modern country, and it also included the territories of the first French colonial empire overseas.

Kingdom of France
Royaume de France
  • circa 15th century–1792
(Ancien Régime)
Motto: Montjoie Saint Denis!
Anthem: Marche Henri IV (1590–1792)
"March of Henry IV"
The Kingdom of France in 1789.
Common languages
Roman Catholicism (987–1791)
Constitutional (1791–1792)
King of France 
Historical eraMedieval / Early Modern
CurrencyLivre, Franc, Écu, Louis d'or
ISO 3166 codeFR
Preceded by
Succeeded by
France in the Middle Ages
French First Republic

The period is dominated by the figure of the "Sun King", Louis XIV (his reign of 1643–1715 being one of the longest in history), who managed to eliminate the remnants of medieval feudalism and established a centralized state under an absolute monarch, a system that would endure until the French Revolution and beyond.