East Harlem

East Harlem, also known as Spanish Harlem or El Barrio, is a neighborhood of Upper Manhattan, New York City, roughly encompassing the area north of the Upper East Side and bounded by 96th Street to the south, Fifth Avenue to the west, and the East and Harlem Rivers to the east and north.[3][4][5] Despite its name, it is generally not considered to be a part of Harlem proper, but it is one of the neighborhoods included in Greater Harlem.[6]

East Harlem
Looking north from 2nd Avenue and 96th Street (2019)
Location in New York City
Coordinates: 40.795°N 73.939°W / 40.795; -73.939
CountryUnited States
State New York
CityNew York City
BoroughManhattan
Community DistrictManhattan 11[1]
Population
  Total115,921
Ethnicity
  Hispanic52.1%
  Black35.7%
  White (non-Hispanic)7.3%
  Asian2.7%
  Other0.2%
Economics
  Median income$21,480
Time zoneUTC−5 (Eastern)
  Summer (DST)UTC−4 (EDT)
ZIP Codes
10029, 10035
Area code212, 332, 646, and 917

The neighborhood is one of the largest predominantly Hispanic communities in New York City, mostly made up of Puerto Ricans, as well as sizeable numbers of Dominican, Cuban and Mexican immigrants. The community is notable for its contributions to Latin freestyle and salsa music. East Harlem also includes the area formerly known as Italian Harlem, in which the remnants of a once predominantly Italian community remain. The Chinese population has increased dramatically in East Harlem since 2000.[7][8][9]

East Harlem has historically suffered from many social issues, such as a high crime rate, the highest jobless rate in New York City, teenage pregnancy, AIDS, drug abuse, homelessness, and an asthma rate five times the national average.[10] It has the second-highest concentration of public housing in the United States, behind Brownsville, Brooklyn.[11] However, East Harlem is undergoing some gentrification. In February 2016, East Harlem was one of four neighborhoods featured in an article in The New York Times about "New Hot Neighborhoods", and the city was considering re-zoning the area.

East Harlem is part of Manhattan Community District 11, and its primary ZIP Codes are 10029 and 10035.[1] It is patrolled by the 23rd and 25th Precincts of the New York City Police Department.[12][13]