Eastbourne (UK Parliament constituency)
Eastbourne is a constituency (also known as a seat) for the House of Commons of the UK Parliament. It was created as one of nine in Sussex in 1885, since when the seat has reduced in geographic size reflecting the growth of its main settlement, Eastbourne.
for the House of Commons
|Electorate||78,262 (May 2015)|
|Member of Parliament||Caroline Ansell (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||East Sussex|
The seat was re-won in 2019 by Caroline Ansell, a Conservative who ousted Liberal Democrat Stephen Lloyd; she earlier did so in 2015. Since the seat's creation it has been won by candidates from either of these two political parties (and their early forebears, the Liberal Party and the Unionist Party). The seat has had four by-elections, lastly in 1990.
For 94 years of the 20th Century, the seat was represented by Conservative MPs. The seat in the 1930s saw three unopposed candidates: in 1932, March 1935 and November 1935. Eastbourne has been considered relative to others a very marginal seat, as well as a swing seat, since 1997 as its winner's majority has been at most 7.86% of the vote. A 8.9% majority Tory re-gain took place in 1992 and since 2010 the seat has changed hands (between the two parties mentioned) all four possible times.
Members of Parliament
The constituency contains urban and suburban developments, including the whole of the Eastbourne Borough Council administrative area, as well as the village of Willingdon on its outskirts, which forms a small part of the Wealden District Council administrative area.
Eastbourne itself is on the edge of the London Commuter Belt and is a coastal resort town. The Eastbourne seat has narrowed at every Boundary Commission Periodic Review, as the population of the core town has grown.
This seat was created by the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885. This zone had been in the East Sussex constituency, which in turn had been created with two seats by the Reform Act 1832 as a division of the 13th century-founded Sussex parliamentary county which had two seats (returned two knights of the shire).
1885–1918: The Corporate Towns of Pevensey and Seaford, the Sessional Divisions of Hailsham and Uckfield (except the parishes of East Hoathly and Waldron), and part of the Sessional Division of Lewes.
1918–1950: The Borough of Eastbourne, the Rural District of Eastbourne, and in the Rural District of Hailsham the parishes of Arlington, Chalvington, Chiddingly, Hailsham, Hellingly, Laughton, and Ripe.
1950–1955: The Boroughs of Eastbourne and Bexhill, and in the Rural District of Hailsham the parishes of East Dean, Friston, Hooe, Jevington, Ninfield, Pevensey, Polegate, Wartling, Westham, and Willingdon.
1955–1974: The Borough of Eastbourne, and part of the Rural District of Hailsham.
1974–1983: The Borough of Eastbourne, and in the Rural District of Hailsham the parishes of East Dean, Friston, Jevington, Pevensey, Polegate, Westdean, Westham, and Willingdon.
1983–1997: The Borough of Eastbourne, and the District of Wealden wards of Polegate North, Polegate South, and Willingdon.
1997–2010: As prior, substituting East Dean for the Polegate wards.
2010–present: As prior, less East Dean.
From safe seat to marginal seat
From 1910 until 1987 the seat returned Conservative Party candidates at every election. The large rural vote within the seat, until boundary changes in 1983, resulted in strong Conservative support – rural English voters tended to be richer and more right-wing (anti-socialist, pro-Empire (before 1960s), pro-Established Church and pro-defence) compared to other voters.
The seat became a marginal, or swing seat, from the 1990 by-election onwards, being closely fought for between the two locally dominant parties. A Liberal Democrat gained the seat at the 2010 general election, in a vote which saw Eastbourne return the sixth-lowest Labour share of the vote of the 631 candidates who stood at the election, with only 4.8%. In 2015, the seat was the 9th most marginal of the Conservative Party's 331 seats, by share of the vote.
- 1925 Eastbourne by-election (Con, hold), following the resignation of the Conservative MP Sir George Ambrose Lloyd
- 1932 Eastbourne by-election (Con, hold), following the death of the Conservative MP Edward Marjoribanks
- 1935 Eastbourne by-election (Con, hold), following the death of the Conservative MP John Slater
- 1990 Eastbourne by-election (LD, gain), following the assassination of the Conservative MP Ian Gow by members of the Provisional IRA.
Proposal to change constituency name
In 2016 incumbent Ansell made better known via the local press some voters wished the seat's name be changed to add "and Willingdon". Had this met with enough public support Ansell confirmed she (or anyone else) could apply to the Boundary Commission to request the change.
Election results by decade
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Lloyd||22,620||41.0||-5.9|
|Brexit Party||Stephen Gander||1,530||2.8||New|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||+5.3|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Lloyd||26,924||46.9||+8.7|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+2.1|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Lloyd||20,201||38.2||-9.1|
|Conservative gain from Liberal Democrats||Swing||+4.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Lloyd||24,658||47.3||+5.6|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+4.0|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen Lloyd||19,909||41.1||+1.8|
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Berry||17,584||39.3||+1.0|
Elections in the 1990s
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Berry||20,189||38.3||−2.9|
|Natural Law||John Dawkins||254||0.5||New|
This constituency underwent boundary changes between the 1992 and 1997 general elections and thus change in share of vote is based on a notional calculation.
|Liberal Democrats||David Bellotti||26,311||42.7||+13.0|
|Labour||Ivan A. Gibbons||2,834||4.6||−4.2|
|Liberal Democrats||David Bellotti||23,415||50.8||+21.1|
|Corrective Party||Lady Whiplash||216||0.5||New|
|National Front||John McAuley||154||0.3||New|
|Ironside Party||Eric Page||35||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats gain from Conservative||Swing||+20.0|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||C Mitchell||533||0.9||New|
|Labour||Cyril George Abley||8,475||13.7|
Elections in the 1960s
|Labour||John Harold High||12,620||22.42|
|Independent||Vernon Hubert Petty||883||1.57||New|
|Labour Co-op||Joan E. M. Baker||12,034||22.33|
Elections in the 1950s
|Labour||Anthony Albert Dumont||11,837||24.32|
|Labour||John A. Lewis||15,561||34.32|
|Liberal||Cecil Herbert Louis Douglas-Bate||5,766||9.69|
Election in the 1940s
|Labour||Duncan Newman Smith||12,637||37.02||New|
|Liberal||John Stafford Gowland||2,797||8.19||New|
|Independent National||Reg Hipwell||524||1.54||New|
Elections in the 1930s
Elections in the 1920s
|Labour||Richard S Chatfield||8,204||22.5||+5.6|
|Liberal||Clive Stuart Saxon Burt||7,812||21.4||-3.3|
|Independent Unionist||P E Hurst||2,277||6.2||New|
|Liberal||Joseph James Davies||4,168||16.1||-30.1|
|Labour||D J Davis||4,138||16.0||New|
Elections in the 1910s
|Labour||Thomas Burleigh Hasdell||4,641||26.0||New|
|Liberal||Alfred John Callaghan||1,852||10.4||−31.3|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
General Election 1914/15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
- Unionist: Rupert Gwynne
|Conservative gain from Liberal||Swing||+11.8|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal gain from Conservative||Swing||+6.6|
|Liberal||Thomas Seymour Brand||4,254||46.2||−3.4|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||Thomas Seymour Brand||4,079||49.6||+2.0|
|Liberal||Thomas Seymour Brand||3,674||47.6||+7.7|
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||James Clifton Brown||2,501||39.9||−9.6|
|Liberal||George Ambrose Wallis||3,497||49.5|
|Conservative win (new seat)|
- List of Parliamentary constituencies in East Sussex
- Boundary Commissions (United Kingdom)
- Sixth Periodic Review of Westminster constituencies
Notes and references
- A borough constituency having first been the alternative form, a county constituency, for the sole modern purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer.
- As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
- "Eastbourne – Election Results". House of Commons Library. May 2015. Retrieved 16 June 2015.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "E" (part 1)
- "Ward level results from the EU referendum". Medium. Retrieved 22 February 2017.
- "Electoral Commission – Previous UK general elections". www.electoralcommission.org.uk.
- List of Conservative MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- Williams, Sharon. "What's In A Name? Should Eastbourne Officially Add Willingdon?". www.eastbournebuzz.co.uk.
- "The Conservative candidates running to be MPs". 27 April 2017.
- http://www.libdems.org.uk/ (30 June 2014). "Stephen Lloyd".
- "BBC Election Results". 9 June 2017. Retrieved 9 June 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Eastbourne parliamentary constituency – Election 2017" – via www.bbc.co.uk.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Eastborne election results". BBC. 20 April 2010. Retrieved 20 April 2010.
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 2010-12-06.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- F W S Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949; Political Reference Publications, Glasgow 1949
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983). British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3 ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
- Craig, FWS, ed. (1974). British Parliamentary Election Results: 1885-1918. London: Macmillan Press. ISBN 9781349022984.
- The Liberal Year Book, 1907
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
- "Meeting of the Council". Eastbourne Gazette. 23 Jun 1886. p. 8. Retrieved 25 November 2017 – via British Newspaper Archive.
- Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
- Election result, 2005 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997–2001 (BBC)
- Election results, 1997–2001 (Election Demon)
- Election results, 1983–1992
- Election results, 1992–2005 (Guardian)
- Election results, 1950–2001 (Keele University)
- The Times House of Commons 1945. The Times. 1945.
- Iain Dale, ed. (2003). The Times House of Commons 1929, 1931, 1935. Politico's (reprint). ISBN 1-84275-033-X.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1983) . British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. ISBN 0-900178-06-X.