Eastern Cape

The Eastern Cape (Xhosa: eMpuma-Koloni, Afrikaans: Oos-Kaap, Sotho: Kapa Botjhabela) is one of the provinces of South Africa. Its capital is Bisho, but its two largest cities are East London and Gqeberha.

Eastern Cape
eMpuma-Koloni  (Xhosa)
Oos-Kaap  (Afrikaans)
Motto(s): 
Development through Unity
Location of the Eastern Cape in South Africa
Country South Africa
Established27 April 1994
CapitalBhisho
Largest cityGqeberha
Districts
Government
  TypeParliamentary system
  PremierOscar Mabuyane (ANC)
  LegislatureEastern Cape Provincial Legislature
Area
[1]:9
  Total168,966 km2 (65,238 sq mi)
Area rank2nd in South Africa
Highest elevation
3,019 m (9,905 ft)
Lowest elevation
0 m (0 ft)
Population
 (2011)[1]:18[2]
  Total6,562,053
  Estimate 
(2021)
6,676,590
  Rank4th in South Africa
  Density39/km2 (100/sq mi)
  Density rank6th in South Africa
Population groups
[1]:21
  Black86.3%
  Coloured8.3%
  White4.7%
  Indian or Asian0.4%
Languages
[1]:25
  Xhosa78.8%
  Afrikaans10.6%
  English5.6%
  Sotho2.5%
Time zoneUTC+2 (SAST)
ISO 3166 codeZA-EC
HDI (2019)0.671[3]
medium · 9th
Websitewww.ecprov.gov.za

The second largest province in the country (at 168,966 km2) after Northern Cape, it was formed in 1994 out of the Xhosa homelands or bantustans of Transkei and Ciskei, together with the eastern portion of the Cape Province. The central and eastern part of the province is the traditional home of the indigenous Xhosa people. In 1820 this area began to be settled by Europeans who originally came from England and some from Scotland and Ireland.


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