Eastern Ganga dynasty

The Eastern Ganga dynasty also known as Rudhi Gangas or Prachya Gangas were a large medieval era Indian royal dynasty that reigned from Kalinga from as early as the 5th century to the early 15th century.[2] The territory ruled by the dynasty consisted of the whole of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha as well as major parts of West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.[3] The early rulers of the dynasty ruled from Dantapuram; the capital was later moved to Kalinganagara (modern Mukhalingam), and ultimately to Kataka (modern Cuttack).[4] Today, they are most remembered as the builders of the world renowned Puri Jagannath Temple and Konark Sun Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site at Konark, Odisha.

Eastern Ganga Empire
  • 505–1038 CE (Kalinga)
  • 1038–1434 CE (Trikalinga)
CapitalDantapuram
Kalinganagara
Kataka
Common languagesOdia[1]
Religion
Hinduism
GovernmentMonarchy
Tri-Kalingadhipati
Gajapati
 
 1038–1070
Vajrahasta Anantavarman
 1070–1078
Rajaraja Devendravarman
 1078–1147
Anantavarman Chodagangadeva
 1178–1198
Ananga Bhima Deva II
 1211–1238
Anangabhima Deva III
 1238–1264
Narasingha Deva I
 1414–1434
Bhanu Deva IV
Historical eraClassical India
 Established
505 CE
 Disestablished
1434 CE
CurrencyEastern Ganga fanam
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Pitrbhakta dynasty
Somavamshi dynasty
Kalachuris of Ratnapura
Gajapati Empire
Main Temple Structure, Konark Sun Temple

The rulers of Eastern Ganga dynasty defended their kingdom from the constant attacks of the Muslim rulers. This kingdom prospered through trade and commerce and the wealth was mostly used in the construction of temples. The rule of the dynasty came to an end under the reign of King Bhanudeva IV (1414–34), in the early 15th century.[5] Their currency was called Ganga fanams and was similar to that of the Cholas and Eastern Chalukyas of southern India.[6]