Eastern Ganga dynasty

The Eastern Ganga dynasty also known as Rudhi Gangas or Prachya Gangas were a large medieval era Indian royal dynasty that reigned from Kalinga from as early as the 5th century to the early 15th century.[2] The territory ruled by the dynasty consisted of the whole of the modern-day Indian state of Odisha as well as major parts of West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh and Chhattisgarh.[3] The early rulers of the dynasty ruled from Dantapuram; the capital was later moved to Kalinganagara (modern Mukhalingam), and ultimately to Kataka (modern Cuttack).[4] Today, they are most remembered as the builders of the world renowned Puri Jagannath Temple and Konark Sun Temple, a UNESCO World Heritage Site at Konark, Odisha.

Eastern Ganga Empire
  • 505–1038 CE (Kalinga)
  • 1038–1434 CE (Trikalinga)
Common languagesOdia[1]
Vajrahasta Anantavarman
Rajaraja Devendravarman
Anantavarman Chodagangadeva
Ananga Bhima Deva II
Anangabhima Deva III
Narasingha Deva I
Bhanu Deva IV
Historical eraClassical India
505 CE
1434 CE
CurrencyEastern Ganga fanam
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Pitrbhakta dynasty
Somavamshi dynasty
Kalachuris of Ratnapura
Gajapati Empire
Main Temple Structure, Konark Sun Temple

The rulers of Eastern Ganga dynasty defended their kingdom from the constant attacks of the Muslim rulers. This kingdom prospered through trade and commerce and the wealth was mostly used in the construction of temples. The rule of the dynasty came to an end under the reign of King Bhanudeva IV (1414–34), in the early 15th century.[5] Their currency was called Ganga fanams and was similar to that of the Cholas and Eastern Chalukyas of southern India.[6]