Ebenezer Cobb Morley


Ebenezer Cobb Morley (16 August 1831 – 20 November 1924) was an English sportsman. He is regarded as one of the fathers of the Football Association (FA) and modern football.

Ebenezer Cobb Morley
Photograph published at the time of the Football Association's 50th anniversary (1913).
Born(1831-08-16)16 August 1831
Died20 November 1924(1924-11-20) (aged 93)
Richmond, Surrey, England
Resting placeBarnes, Richmond, London, England
NationalityEnglish
OccupationSolicitor
Known forSecretary and President of the Football Association
Spouse(s)Frances Bidgood
Parent(s)Ebenezer Morley and Hannah Maria[1]

Early life


Morley was born at 10 Garden Square, Princess Street in Hull to the Reverend Ebenezer Morley, a nonconformist minister, and his wife Hannah (née Cobb).[2][3][4] He lived in the city until he was 22.[2]

Morley qualified as a lawyer in 1854.[5] In 1858 he moved to the London suburb of Barnes to practise as a solicitor in the capital.[4]

Sporting career


Football

Morley founded Barnes Football Club in 1862,[4] and served as its captain until 1867.[6][7][8]

The Barnes club played its first recorded game, a 2–0 victory, against Richmond F.C., on 29 November 1862.[9] A match the following month against Blackheath FC went less happily: the Blackheath club played a rugby-style game, necessitating the adoption of compromise rules. "Very weak" play by Barnes resulted in a loss by two goals to nothing, with Morley narrowly escaping being "garrotted".[10]

In 1863, Morley wrote to Bell's Life newspaper proposing a governing body for the sport, with the power to set common rules.[4] This led to the first meeting of the FA at Freemasons' Tavern, on 26 October 1863. At this meeting, Morley was elected the first secretary of the association.[11]

Creation of the FA's 1863 Laws

At this time, some football clubs followed the example of Rugby School by allowing the ball to be carried in the hands, with players allowed to "hack" (kick in the shins) opponents who were carrying the ball. Other clubs forbade both practices. During the meetings to draw up the FA laws, there was an acrimonious division between the "hacking" and "non-hacking" clubs.[12] An FA meeting of 17 November 1863 discussed this question, with the "hacking" clubs predominating.[13] A further meeting was scheduled in order to finalise ("settle") the laws, based on the draft created by Morley in his role as secretary.[14]

At this crucial 24 November meeting, the "hackers" were again in a narrow majority. During the meeting, however, Morley brought the delegates' attention to a recently published set of football laws from Cambridge University which banned carrying and hacking. Discussion of the Cambridge rules, and suggestions for possible communication with Cambridge on the subject, served to delay the final "settlement" of the laws to a further meeting, on 1 December.[15][12] A number of representatives who supported rugby-style football did not attend this additional meeting,[16] resulting in hacking and carrying being banned in the laws that were published later that month.[12]

Subsequent activity with the FA

Morley played in the first ever match under FA rules, for Barnes against Richmond in December 1863. On 2 January 1864, Morley led his "Secretary's Side" to defeat against the "President's Side" in a friendly match at Battersea Park to test out the new laws.[17]

He continued to serve as FA secretary until 1866. At that year's annual meeting, Morley resigned as FA secretary, citing the demands of business. He also objected to FA member clubs playing under any other rules,[18] and made an unsuccessful proposal to abolish the offside law.[18]

Even though he was no longer FA secretary, Morley continued to be involved in football. He remained captain of Barnes FC, continued to serve on the FA's committee, and played for the "London" (FA) team in the London v Sheffield match held on 31 March 1866, scoring a goal.

By the time of the next FA annual meeting, in February 1867, the Association's future looked bleak. Membership had fallen to ten clubs,[19] and founding president Arthur Pember needed to be replaced. Morley volunteered for the role, and was duly elected by the few club representatives in attendance.[20]

During the next year, the secretary Robert Graham attempted to increase membership by writing to every known club in the country.[21] This increased membership to thirty by 1868, but did not prevent the association from running out of money, with the officers having to cover expenses out of their own pockets.[22]

Morley continued to serve as president until 1874, presiding over the birth of the FA Cup and a general increase in the popularity and influence of the Association. He was the first man to present the FA Cup, in 1872.[4]

When the FA celebrated its 50th anniversary in 1913, Morley, the most prominent founder of the association who was still living, was a notable guest at the festivities. He was presented with a silver cigar-case at a dinner held at the King's Hall, Holborn in central London.[23][24]

Rowing

Morley was also active in the sport of rowing. Immediately upon moving to Barnes in 1858, he participated in the Barnes and Mortlake Regatta of that year,[25] served as the treasurer of the Regatta in 1860, and as secretary from 1862 to 1870.[26][4] Morley was associated with the London Rowing Club from 1860.[27] In 1864, he competed as a member of that club's eight in the Grand Challenge Cup at Henley.[4]

Morley continued to row long after he had ceased his work with the Football Association. In 1913, it was reported that the octogenarian was still "sculling daily in his well-known boat".[23]

Fox-hunting

Morley was also a keen fox hunter, keeping his own pack of beagles.[4][28]

Professional career


Morley worked as a solicitor, handling such matters as mortgages and wills.[29][30]

Political activity


Morley was the agent of the Radical Member of Parliament Donald Nicoll, who served as Member of Parliament for Frome from 1857 to 1859. Following Nicoll's defeat in the 1859 United Kingdom general election, Morley was caught up in a controversy over a petition, later withdrawn, to have the election result overturned because of "bribery, treating, and undue influence".[31][32]

Public office


Morley served on Surrey County Council for Barnes (1903–1919). In 1906, he was appointed a Justice of the Peace.[33]

Family


Morley's wife, Frances, died of pneumonia in 1911. Morley himself succumbed to the same condition in 1924. He was buried[34] in Barnes Cemetery, a now abandoned graveyard on Barnes Common, Barnes. He had no children.[34]

Legacy


The house at which Morley created the first draft of the FA's laws (No 26 The Terrace) carried a blue plaque to Morley. It subsequently collapsed "like a tower of cards" in November 2015 during building work.[35][36]

Morley was the subject of a Google Doodle on 16 August 2018, the 187th anniversary of his birth.[37]

The grave of Ebenezer Cobb Morley in Barnes Cemetery, with a wreath commemorating 150 years of the FA.

References


  1. "Findings on Ebenezer Cobb Morley (1831-1924)". The FA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 19 December 2015.
  2. "Memorial to FA founder Ebenezer Cobb Morley". Hull Daily Mail. 6 February 2010. Retrieved 22 October 2013.
  3. "Baptism record" (1854-01-01). England & Wales Non-Conformist Births And Baptisms, Series: YORKSHIRE: Hull, Holborn Street Chapel, Holderness Road (Independent): Births & Baptisms, File: TNA/RG/4/3225. Surrey: The National Archives.
  4. Butler, Bryon (January 2009). "Morley, Ebenezer Cobb (1831–1924)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 9 August 2009.
  5. "Local Intelligence". Hull Packet: 5. 3 February 1854.
  6. "Barnes Club v. Rev. T. J. Batey's Pupils". Sportsman: 4. 26 February 1867.
  7. In addition to representing Barnes, Morley also played in a match for N.N. Club against Crystal Palace in April 1863, under the captaincy of his future Football Association colleague Arthur Pember
  8. "Football". Bell's Life in London: 6. 19 April 1863.
  9. "Barnes Club v. Richmond Club". Sporting Life: 4. 3 December 1862.
  10. "Barnes v. Blackheath". Sporting Life: 3. 24 December 1862.
  11. "Meeting of Captains". Bell's Life in London: 10. 31 October 1863.
  12. "The Football Association". Supplement to Bell's Life in London. 5 December 1863. p. 1.
  13. Harvey (2005), pp. 135–139
  14. "The Football Association". Bell's Life in London. 28 November 1863. p. 6.
  15. "The Football Association". Bell's Life in London. 28 November 1863. p. 6. The PRESIDENT pointed out that the vote just passed to all intents and purposes annulled the business of the evening, whereupon Mr. ALCOCK said it was too late to proceed further, and moved that the meeting do adjourn till Tuesday next, Dec. 1, and it was so resolved.
  16. Harvey (2005), pp. 144-145
  17. "The Football Association". Sporting Life (503). London. 6 January 1864. p. 4.
  18. "The Football Association". Bell's Life in London (2288): 7. 24 February 1866.
  19. Graham, R. G. (1899). "The Early History of the Football Association". The Badminton Magazine of Sports and Pastimes. London: Longmans, Green, & Co. viii: 79.
  20. "The Football Association". Bell's Life in London (2341): 9. 2 March 1867.
  21. Graham, R. G. (1899). "The Early History of the Football Association". The Badminton Magazine of Sports and Pastimes. London: Longmans, Green, & Co. viii: 80–81.
  22. "Football Association". Sporting Life. London (939): 4. 29 February 1868.
  23. "Football: the Association founder". Devon and Exeter Gazette: 5. 24 September 1913.
  24. "The Jubilee Banquet". Acton Gazette: 2. 7 November 1913.
  25. "Barnes and Mortlake Regatta". The Era: 15. 11 July 1858.
  26. "Barnes and Mortlake Amateur Regatta, 1860". Bell's Life in London: 1. 29 July 1860.
  27. "London Rowing Club". The Era: 4. 2 December 1860.
  28. "Barnes Football Club Drag Hunt". Sportsman: 4. 8 February 1870.
  29. "Extraordinary Charge of Forgery". Sheffield Daily Telegraph: 3. 29 September 1862.
  30. "Sarah Ellis, Deceased". Brighton Gazette: 1. 31 October 1868.
  31. "Mr E. C. Morley and the Frome Petition". Frome Times: 4. 10 August 1859.
  32. Cruttwell, Wilson C. (17 August 1859). "[Correspondence]". Frome Times: 4.
  33. Kelly's Handbook to the Titled, Landed & Official Classes for 1909. London: Kelly's Directories. 1908. p. 1180.
  34. Rudd, Alyson (7 April 2008). "The father of football deserves much more". London: Times Online. Retrieved 1 May 2010.
  35. "Mansion that belonged to singer Duffy and former Phones 4U boss collapses". The Daily Telegraph. 26 November 2015. Retrieved 16 August 2017.
  36. Dyduch, Amy (14 May 2013). "Search for founding fathers of football proves fruitless". Richmond and Twickenham Times. Retrieved 29 September 2016.
  37. "Google honours the 'father of football'". news.com.au. 16 August 2018. Retrieved 16 August 2018.