Ecologist Party of Romania


The Romanian Ecologist Party (Romanian: Partidul Ecologist Român, PER) is an ecologist political party in Romania. Without parliamentary representation, it is one of the micro-parties still active in the country with some representatives elected in the local administration (i.e. a few mayors, local councillors, and county councillors).

Romanian Ecologist Party

Partidul Ecologist Român
PresidentDănuț Pop
Secretary-GeneralIonel Goidescu
FounderAdrian Manolache
FoundedJanuary 1990
HeadquartersCalea Victoriei nr. 91-93
Sector 1
Bucharest
Youth wingTineretul Ecologist Român (TER)
IdeologyGreen liberalism[1]
Green conservatism[2]
Political positionCentre to centre-right
ColorsGreen
SloganPentru o ecologie politică liberală
For a liberal political ecology
Senate
0 / 136
Chamber of Deputies
0 / 329
European Parliament
0 / 33
Mayors
0 / 3,176
County councilors
5 / 1,340
Local councilors
210 / 39,900
Website
www.per.ro

History


The party was founded by Adrian Manolache, an engineer, in January 1990 as a political organisation opposed to the National Salvation Front (FSN). Adrian Manolache launched the program and the platform of the PER on 5 January 1990 in the newspaper Libertatea, being one of the newly founded parties in Romania and the second post-1989 registered one after the Christian Democratic National Peasants' Party (PNȚ-CD).[citation needed]

This party opposed the politics of the FSN from a very early stage and entered in an alliance with Radu Câmpeanu's National Liberal Party (PNL) in April, 1990, also supporting the Timișoara Proclamation (Romanian: Proclamația de la Timișoara) which demanded that the former structures and members of the Romanian Communist Party should not get involved again in post-revolutionary politics.[citation needed]

The PER participated in the Romanian legislative election held in May, 1990, winning one senator seat as well as eight deputy seats. The first president of the party was Adrian Manolache, but the first party congress in April, 1990 elected Otto Weber as president (until 2001), when followed by Cornel Protopopescu (until 2007), the latter being subsequently replaced by Dănuț Pop.[citation needed]

Notable members


  • Viorica Edelhauser, former deputy (between 1990 and 1992);
  • Cornel Protopopescu, former deputy (between 1990 and 2000);
  • Otto Ernest Weber, second president of the party;
  • Gheorghe Toma, former mayor of the city of Suceava, Suceava County, Bukovina.

Electoral history


Legislative elections

Election Chamber Senate Position Aftermath
Votes % Seats Votes % Seats
1990 232,212 1.69
8 / 395
192,574 1.38
1 / 119
 8th  Opposition to FSN government (until October 1991)
Opposition to FSN-PNL-MER-PDAR government
1992 2,117,144 19.46
4 / 341
2,210,722 20.16
0 / 143
 2nd 
(within CDR)1
Opposition to PDSR-PUNR-PRM government
1996 3,692,321 30.17
5 / 343
3,772,084 30.70
1 / 143
 1st 
(within CDR)2
CDR-USD-UDMR
2000 101,256 0.84
0 / 345
108,370 0.99
0 / 140
 10th  Extra-parliamentary opposition to PDSR minority government
2004 73,001 0.72
0 / 332
83,771 0.80
0 / 137
 8th  Extra-parliamentary support to DA-PUR-UDMR government (until April 2007)
Extra-parliamentary opposition to PNL-UDMR minority government
2008 18,279 0.27
0 / 334
48,119 0.70
0 / 137
 10th 
(within Green Ecologist Party)3
Extra-parliamentary support to PDL-PSD government (until December 2009)
Extra-parliamentary support to PDL-UNPR-UDMR (until May 2012)
Extra-parliamentary opposition to USL government (until December 2012)
2012 58,178 0.79
0 / 412
58,335 0.79
0 / 176
 7th  Extra-parliamentary opposition to USL government (until March 2014)
Extra-parliamentary support to PSD-UNPR-UDMR-PC government (until December 2014)
Extra-parliamentary support to PSD-UNPR-ALDE government (until November 2015)
Extra-parliamentary opposition to Cioloș Cabinet (Ind.)
2016 62,414 0.89
0 / 329
77,218 1.09
0 / 136
 9th  Extra-parliamentary support to PSD-ALDE government (until August 2019)
Extra-parliamentary support to PSD minority government (until November 2019)
Extra-parliamentary opposition to PNL minority government
2020 65,807 1.12
0 / 330
78,654 1.33
0 / 136
 8th  Extra-parliamentary support to PNL-USR PLUS-UDMR government (2020–present)

Notes:

1 CDR members in 1992: PNȚ-CD (21 senators and 41 deputies), PAC (7 senators and 13 deputies), PNL-CD (4 senators and 3 deputies), PNL-AT (1 senator and 11 deputies) and PSDR (1 senator and 10 deputies) and FER.

2 CDR members in 1996: PNȚ-CD (25 senators and 81 deputies), PNL (22 senators and 28 deputies), PNL-CD (1 senator and 4 deputies), PAR (3 senators and 3 deputies), Ecologist Federation of Romania (FER – 1 senator and 1 deputy).

3 Green Ecologist Party members: Green Party.

Presidential elections

Election Candidate First round Second round
Votes Percentage Position Votes Percentage Position
1990 did not compete
1992 Emil Constantinescu13,717,006
31.1%
 2nd 4,641,207
38.6%
 2nd 
1996 Emil Constantinescu13,569,941
28.2%
 2nd 7,057,906
54.4%
 1st 
2000 did not compete
2004 did not compete
2009 Ovidiu-Cristian Iane22,511
0.23%
 11th 
2014 William Brînză43,194
0.45%
 12th 
2019 did not compete

Notes:

1 Emil Constantinescu was the common centre-right candidate that was endorsed by the Ecologist Party of Romania (PER) in both 1992 and 1996 as part of the CDR.

European elections

ElectionVotesPercentageMEPsPositionEU PartyEP Group
2007 did not compete
2009 did not compete
2014 64,232 1.15%
0 / 32
 10th 
2019 did not compete1

Notes:

1 Electoral protocol endorsing the Social Democratic Party (PSD).

See also


References


  1. "Platformă-Program". Archived from the original on 25 December 2014. Retrieved 25 December 2014.
  2. "PER susține căsătoria dintre un bărbat și o femeie". 4 October 2018.