Edmonton is a town in north London, England, located in the historic county of Middlesex. It is centred 8.4 miles (13.5 km) north-northeast of Charing Cross. The northern part of the town is known as Lower Edmonton (or Edmonton Green), and the southern part as Upper Edmonton.
Once a rural village, the opening of the railway and tramway in the 19th century, especially the opening of the high-level station at Lower Edmonton, caused the area to expand rapidly, forming part of the conurbation of London, similar to much of the county of Middlesex. The late 19th century saw the establishment of industry on former marshland and movement of a working-class population to the area, encouraging much of this development. By the 1930s, the area had become a popular shopping destination, and in the 1960s and 1970s, the area underwent major redevelopment, with the construction of an indoor market and shopping centre, as well as mass construction of council housing, including tower blocks.
In recent years, as a result of increased levels of immigration, the town has been transformed from a predominantly white area into one of the most ethnically diverse areas in England, with the majority of the population now belonging to an ethnic minority background, as first recorded in the 2011 census. The population of Edmonton was 82,472 as of 2011.