Edmonton (provincial electoral district)


The Edmonton provincial electoral district also known as Edmonton City[1] from 1905 to 1909, was a provincial electoral district in Alberta, Canada mandated to return members to the Legislative Assembly of Alberta from 1905 to 1917 and again from 1921 to 1959.[2]

Edmonton
Alberta electoral district
Defunct provincial electoral district
LegislatureLegislative Assembly of Alberta
District created1905
District abolished1917
District re-created1921
District re-abolished1955
First contested1909
Last contested1959

The Edmonton electoral district existed in two incarnations from 1905 - 1909 and again from 1921 - 1955, with the city (small as it was in former times) broken up into multiple constituencies in the other time-periods. The district was created when Alberta became a province, to encompass residents of the city of Edmonton on the northside of the North Saskatchewan River. For a time, it was one of three multi-member constituencies in the province's history, the others being Calgary and Medicine Hat.

History


Three methods of electing representatives were used over the years.

First past the post election of a single member was used in 1905 and subsequent elections and by-elections up to 1920.

Block voting (voters able to cast as many votes as there were seats, that is, 2) was used in 1909 and 1913 and with five seats in 1921.

The Edmonton constituency was divided into two single-member constituencies for the provincial election of 1917: Edmonton East and Edmonton West. The adjacent constituency of Edmonton South had been renamed from the old constituency of Strathcona.

The three Edmonton districts were merged to form the Edmonton constituency in 1921, and block voting was established in 1921, to elect five members in the constituency.

As a semblance of proportional representation, the UFA government brought in the single transferable vote for all constituencies, and made Edmonton, Calgary and Medicine Hat (for 1926 only) multi-member constituencies, with votes apportioned as per the Hare system, starting in 1924. STV, and the Hare system, where applicable, was also used in provincial by-elections during this period. Edmonton had five seats in 1926, then six seats in 1930 and 1935, then five until 1952. Edmonton had seven seats elected at-large in 1952 and 1955.

In 1959 the Social Credit government broke up the Calgary and Edmonton constituencies and replaced the transferable balloting with first-past-the-post single-member districts across the province. Eight constituencies were created in Edmonton: Edmonton Centre, Edmonton North, Edmonton Norwood, Edmonton North East, Edmonton North West, Jasper West, Strathcona Centre, Strathcona East and Strathcona West.

Expansion of seats and districts in Edmonton


The first table shows at a glance, the number of seats available by general election year for the Edmonton riding. The second table shows the number of districts in Edmonton, when the Edmonton riding was broken up.

Seats

Year 1905 1909 1913 1921 1926 1930 1935 1940 1944 1948 1952 1955
Seats 1 2 2 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 7 7

Districts

Year 1913 1917 1959 1963 1967 1971 1975 1979 1982 1986 1989 1993 1997 2001 2004
Districts 1 3 9 10 11 16 16 18 18 17 17 18 19 19 18

For the 1913 election, Edmonton South Provincial electoral district was created from the old Strathcona constituency to elect one MLA. The Edmonton constituency elected two members by the block vote system.

Edmonton party composition at a glance


Affiliation 1905 1909 1913 1921 1926 1930 1935 1940 1942 1944 1948 1948 1952 1955
  Liberal 1 2 2 5 1 1 3 1 2 3
  Conservative 2 3 1 3 1 1
  Social Credit 2 2 2 2 2 3 3 3
     Cooperative Commonwealth 1 1 1 1 1
     Labour 1 1
United Farmers 1 1
  Veteran's & Active Force 1
  Independent Citizen's 1
  Independent 3 2 1 1
 Total
1 2 2 5 5 6 6 5 5 5 5 5 7 7

(Note: Independents in the 1940s were members of the Unity League, an anti-SC coalition of Liberal and Conservatives.)

Election results


1905 general election

1905 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalCharles Wilson Cross1,20970.09%
ConservativeWilliam Antrobus Griesbach51629.91%
Total 1,725
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout 1,725100.00%
Liberal pickup new district.
Source(s)
Source: "Edmonton-City Official Results 1905 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
The Edmonton electoral district was known as Edmonton-City for the 1905 Alberta general election.

1909 general election

This election was conducted using block voting, where each Edmonton voter could cast up to two votes.

1909 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes%±%Elected
LiberalCharles Wilson Cross3,28240.01%-6.22%Y
LiberalJohn Alexander McDougall2,97736.30%-6.22%Y
ConservativeAlbert F. Ewing1,59519.45%-10.46%
IndependentJohn Gailbraith3484.24%
Total 8,202
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout N/AN/AN/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Source(s)
Source: "Edmonton Official Results 1909 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Note: The total number of ballots cast or eligible electors is unknown.
Election held under multiple non-transferable vote to elect two members to the Legislative Assembly.

1912 by-election

Alberta provincial by-election, May 27, 1912
Ministerial by-election upon Charles Wilson Cross's appointment as Attorney-General on May 4, 1912
Party Candidate Votes%±%
LiberalCharles Wilson Cross1,80247.95%
ConservativeAlbert Ewing1,73347.18%
SocialistJoseph R. Knight1834.87%
Total 3,758
Rejected, spoiled, and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout N/AN/AN/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Source(s)
"By-elections". Elections Alberta. Retrieved 2020-03-12.

1913 general election

In the 1913 Alberta general election Premier Arthur Sifton, his lieutenant Charles Wilson Cross and Liberal candidate Alexander Grant MacKay each won nominations in two electoral districts. The Calgary Herald (a Conservative newspaper) surmised that Sifton and Cross were so scared of the electorate they felt they might not win if they ran in just one district. It accused Premier Sifton of having little confidence in his ability to return his government to power. Charles Cross would sit as a member of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta for both Edmonton and Edson.

This election was conducted using block voting, where each Edmonton voter could cast up to two votes.

1913 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes%±%Elected
LiberalCharles Wilson Cross5,40726.29%-13.72%Y
ConservativeAlbert Freeman Ewing5,10724.83%Y
LiberalAlexander Grant MacKay4,91323.89%4.44%
ConservativeWilliam Antrobus Griesbach4,49921.87%2.43%
IndependentJ. D. Blayney6433.13%
Total 20,569
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout 14,975N/AN/A
Source(s)
Source: "Edmonton Official Results 1913 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Note: The total number of ballots cast is not known.
Election held under multiple non-transferable vote for two members to the Legislative Assembly.
The results do not include 10 polls which were not counted.[3]
Charles Wilson Cross was elected and chose to sit as the representative in both Edmonton and Edson.
Alexander Grant MacKay is erroneously listed as a Conservative for the 1913 election in many Government of Alberta publications, likewise Albert Freeman Ewing is erroneously listed as a Liberal

1921 general election

This election was conducted using block voting, where each Edmonton voter could cast up to five votes. The percentages shown in the table below indicate the proportion of the voters casting votes who may have cast votes in the candidate's favour. For example, a third of the voters casting all five of their votes for the Liberals would accrue a total of 150 "percent" of the votes while the candidates would still only receive the support of a third of the voters. With the rest of the votes split among other parties, the Liberals with only a third of the voter support did take all the Edmonton seats in this election.

1921 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes%Elected
LiberalAndrew Robert McLennan6,49836.20%Y
LiberalJohn Campbell Bowen5,80332.33%Y
LiberalNellie McClung5,38830.02%Y
LiberalJohn Robert Boyle5,36129.86%Y
LiberalJeremiah Wilfred Heffernan5,28929.46%Y
United FarmersWilliam Jackman4,97827.73%
ConservativeAlbert Freeman Ewing4,77726.61%
LabourA. A. Campbell3,73620.81%
ConservativeHerbert Howard Crawford3,55319.79%
ConservativeElizabeth Ferris3,18817.76%
LabourRobert McCreath2,93116.33%
IndependentJoseph Woods Adair2,57114.32%
LabourElmer Ernest Roper2,51514.01%
ConservativeAmbrose Upton Gledstanes Bury2,50913.98%
ConservativeWilliam A. Wells2,32912.97%
IndependentJames Kennedy Cornwall2,08211.60%
IndependentA. L. Marks1,7449.72%
Independent LiberalGerald Pelton1,4678.17%
IndependentWilliam Short1,4478.06%
Independent LabourWilliam R. Ball1,4097.85%
IndependentA. Boileau1,2266.83%
Independent LabourMary Cantin1,1336.31%
Independent LabourErnest Brown1,0735.98%
Independent LabourJames Bailey9415.24%
Independent LabourJoe E. White9275.16%
Labour SocialistMarie Millard8834.92%
Total votes cast 17,951
Rejected, spoiled and declined N/A
Eligible electors / turnout N/AN/AN/A
Source(s)
Source: "Edmonton Official Results 1921 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Election held under multiple non-transferable vote for five members to the Legislative Assembly.

1924 Edmonton by-Election

This was the first election in Alberta to use STV, the system just introduced for elections in Alberta's largest cities.

W.T. Henry got the most votes in the first count but no candidate received a majority of them so subsequent counts were held using second choices of the lower-ranking candidates. He was elected on third count.

Communist Party candidate H.M. Bartholomew showed strong third place showing, almost exceeding Conservative candidate on the second count.

1926 general election

The sum of the candidates' vote totals below do not equal the votes cast recorded here because of the number of spoiled ballots, an unfortunate by-product of STV. 15,130 valid ballots were cast in Edmonton in this election.

Under the STV procedure used (the Hare system), the quota necessary to win a seat was 3026 (15,130 divided by 5, the number of seats being contested). Prevey and Duggan won seats without the quota in the last counts, after other candidates were dropped out.

The result was roughly proportional with two Conservatives, a Liberal, a Labour and a UFA winning seats. Not all the five leaders in the first count were elected - Independent Liberal Joe Clarke did not make quota in first count and did not pick up enough votes from other candidates' later preferences to get quota, likely due to not being in a political party. Liberal candidate J.C. Bowen was in top five in first count, but also did not get quota and despite being in a party, was not elected - many of the other Liberal party supporters' second preferences went to another Liberal candidate, Prevey, a more popular individual overall, it seems.

Labour although not having anyone in top five spots in first count, did capture a seat. This was proportional - it received about 20 percent of the vote spread over five candidates. Farmilo, the leading labour candidate in the first count, was not elected though. Gibbs, who was apparently on an individual basis more popular overall than Farmilo, got quota in later counts through distribution of others' second preferences, such as Joe Clarke supporters probably.

Conservatives Duggan and Weaver did not get quota in first count. Weaver did later when his companion Conservative candidates were dropped out. Duggan got a seat by being one of the last ones still standing when the last counts were held.

1926 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
%Votes
final count
Elected
United FarmersJohn Lymburn3,04616.27%3,026Y
ConservativeCharles Yardley Weaver2,20211.76%3,026Y
LiberalWarren Prevey1,5178.10%2,940Y
Independent LiberalJoseph Clarke1,1796.30%
LiberalJohn C. Bowen1,1476.13%
IndependentSamuel Barnes1,0605.66%
LabourAlfred Farmilo9735.20%
ConservativeF. J. Folinsbee8814.71%
LabourCharles Gibbs8794.70%3,026Y
LiberalWilliam Thomas Henry8584.58%
ConservativeDavid Duggan8574.58%2,265Y
ConservativeHerbert Crawford7824.18%
LabourJames W. Findlay6283.35%
LabourJan Lakeman6053.23%
LiberalWilliam Rae5613.00%
LabourElmer Roper4782.55%
ConservativeMark W. Robertson3611.93%
IndependentJohn W. Leedy1400.75%
Total 18,154
Rejected, spoiled and declined 567
Eligible electors / turnout 33,74155.48%
Source(s)
Source: "Edmonton Official Results 1926 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Election held under single transferable vote with a quota of 3,026 to elect five members to the Legislative Assembly.

1930 general election

1930 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
%Votes
final count
Elected
United FarmersJohn Lymburn3,23014.76%3,028Y
ConservativeDavid Duggan2,66512.18%3,028Y
LabourCharles Gibbs2,26210.34%3,028Y
ConservativeCharles Weaver2,0139.20%2,903Y
LiberalWilliam R. Howson1,8358.39%2,915Y
ConservativeWilliam Atkinson1,7868.16%2,360Y
LiberalWarren Prevey1,3316.08%
LiberalJames Collisson1,0404.75%
LabourAlfred Farmilo8323.80%
LabourSamuel Barnes8183.74%
IndependentJan Lakeman7523.44%
LabourDaniel Kennedy Knott7453.41%
ConservativeN. C. Willson4512.06%
LiberalG. V. Pelton4422.02%
ConservativeJ. A. Buchanan4241.94%
IndependentJoseph Clarke3741.71%
ConservativeR. D. Tighe1890.86%
Total 21,189
Rejected, spoiled and declined 690
Eligible electors / turnout 39,20955.80%
Source(s)
Source: "Edmonton Official Results 1930 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Election held under single transferable vote with a quota of 3,028 to elect six members to the Legislative Assembly.

1935 general election

1935 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
%Votes
final count
Elected
LiberalWilliam Howson9,13924.52%5,324Y
Social CreditSamuel A. Barnes4,47612.01%5,324Y
Social CreditW. S. Hall2,8187.56%
Social CreditDavid B. Mullen2,5006.71%4,932Y
United FarmersJohn Farquhar Lymburnn2,0925.61%
Social CreditOrvis A. Kennedy1,7814.78%
ConservativeDavid Milwyn Duggan1,4663.93%5,078Y
LiberalGeorge Van Allen1,2553.37%5,324Y
Social CreditMark W. Robertson1,2433.34%
LiberalMarion Conroy1,2383.32%
ConservativeWilliam Atkinson1,2203.27%
LiberalGerald O'Connor1,1162.99%4,922Y
CommunistJan Lakeman1,0962.94%
ConservativeFrederick Jamieson1,0292.76%
Social CreditG. L. King8432.26%
LiberalJ. C. M. Marshall6731.81%
ConservativeJ. E. Basarab6711.80%
LiberalWalter Morrish6121.64%
LabourJames East5051.36%
ConservativeEmily Fitzsimon3630.97%
LabourJames W. Findlay3310.89%
Economic ReconstructionElsie Wright1920.52%
LabourCarl Berg1920.52%
LabourSidney Bowcott1660.45%
LabourAlfred Farmilo1270.34%
ConservativeD. M. Ramsay710.19%
LabourSidney Parsons520.14%
Total 37,267
Rejected, spoiled and declined 785
Eligible electors / turnout 49,21277.32%
Source(s)
Source: "Edmonton Official Results 1935 Alberta general election". Alberta Heritage Community Foundation. Retrieved May 21, 2020.
Election held under single transferable vote to elect six members to the Legislative Assembly.

1940 general election

Five seats were open in this election. The Hare quota, the number of votes needed to win a seat, was 7291.

This election saw an anti-SC movement, made up of Liberals, Conservatives and some UFA-ers, get many seats. Page, Duggan and Macdonald were elected in Edmonton this election as candidates of the People's League AKA Unity Movement, recorded as Independent in results below. Four of that group's candidates placed in the top five spots in the first count, but this was un-proportional and the process thinned them down.

SC candidate Norman James placed low in the first count but got enough votes from other candidates who were dropped out, and from Manning's surplus votes, to take a seat, pushing out O'Connor, a Unity League candidate. He did this without achieving quota but by being one of the last ones standing when the field of candidates thinned out. Due to his personal popularity, he leapfrogged over a couple SC candidates to take the seat, demonstrating that the STV-PR is about voters' preferences for individual candidates and not party lists.

1940 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
%Votes
final count
Elected
Social CreditErnest Manning10,06623.32%7,291Y
Independent MovementJohn Percy Page5,60712.99%7,291Y
Independent MovementHugh John MacDonald4,1289.56%6,649Y
Independent MovementDavid Milwyn Duggan3,8788.98%6,731Y
Independent MovementGerald O'Connor3,3927.86%
Independent MovementL. Y. Cairns3,3167.68%
Co-operative CommonwealthElmer Roper1,9844.60%
Co-operative CommonwealthHarry Dean Ainlay1,8404.26%
IndependentE. C. Fisher1,6073.72%
Social CreditCharles Gould1,1922.76%
Social CreditElisha East1,1172.59%
CommunistJames A. MacPherson1,0672.47%
Social CreditNorman B. James9672.24%7,133Y
Social CreditCharles B. Wills9482.20%
IndependentMarjorie Pardee8221.90%
Co-operative CommonwealthWilliam H. Miller4421.02%
IndependentG. F. Hustler4000.93%
Independent ProgressiveSamuel Barnes2820.65%
Independent ProgressiveJ. H. Green1080.25%
Total 43,163
Rejected, spoiled and declined 1,784
Eligible electors / turnout 59,68575.31%
Source(s)
"Edmonton results 1940 Alberta general election". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
Note: Five seats were awarded in the Edmonton Electoral District through single transferable vote. The Hare Quota, the number of votes needed to win a seat, was 7,291. Ernest Manning and John P. Page were elected on the first count.

Many of the candidates listed as Independents, such as sitting MLA D.M. Duggan, were candidates for the Unity League, an anti-SC alliance of Conservatives and Liberals.

1942 by-election

This by-election was run according to the Hare STV-PR in effect for Edmonton (and Calgary) at this time. Voters across Edmonton voted as the city was a single constituency at this time.

There was only one seat being contested so the system devolved to an Alternative Vote process, whereby the winner had to take a majority of the valid votes.

Lymburn, a former UFA cabinet minister, was running as an anti-SC Unity League candidate. He did well in the first count surpassing the vote total of the SC candidate; but both being passed by CCF-er Roper. It became a tight race between Roper and Lymburn. The winner was not named until the fourth round after three of the five candidates had been eliminated and their second preferences distributed. There is such a high number of exhausted ballots because about half of the voters who voted for the SC, Soldiers Rep and Liberal candidates did not give second preferences.

But finally when the SC candidate, the third from the bottom in the first count, was dropped off in the fourth round, the final count for the last two candidates could be established and the winner decided. It is possible that in the last round, when the SC candidate was dropped off, most of his voters' second preferences went to Roper, apparently being thought more in tune with SC's help-the-little-guy philosophy than the Conservative/Liberal-member-dominated Unity League.

September 22, 1942 by-election[4] Turnout 32.71%
Affiliation Candidate 1st % Votes % Count
     Cooperative Commonwealth Elmer Roper 4,834 24.76% 8,432 53.98% 4th
  Independent John Lymburn 4,032 20.65% 7,188 46.02% 4th
  Social Credit G.B. Giles 4,432 22.70% Eliminated prior to 4th count
  Soldier Representative W. Griffin 3,389 17.36% Eliminated prior to 3rd count
  Liberal N.V. Buchanan 2,838 14.53% Eliminated prior to 2nd count
Valid Ballots 19,525 100% 15,620 100%
Exhausted Ballots 3,905 4 Counts

1944 general election

This election was held under the Hare STV-PR system.

1944 Hare quota was 6306 (one-fifth of the total valid ballots). Premier Manning got it in first count. His surplus votes (enough on their own to elect another candidate) were apparently spread among the other four SC candidates (or sent elsewhere or maybe his supporters did not put down a second preference) so none of the other SC candidates received enough to take a seat right off.

Page, running for the anti-SC Unity League, here identified as Independent, was in top five in the first count. The League, winding down, ran only one candidate and League votes were not spread around. He took enough votes in the first count to hold on to take a seat in later counts.

Johnnie Caine, a WWII ace, running as an Independent, was personally popular but did not get quota in the first count and not having a party behind him, did not receive many of the other candidates' second preferences when they were dropped off.

The first candidates to be dropped were mostly Communists and CCF candidates, whose voters it seems gave their second preferences to their own, such as Roper who took a seat, and then eventually to Norman James, of the SC party. He and William J. Williams were the last two standing when the field of candidates thinned out and they took seats even without achieving the quota.

1944 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
%Votes
final count
Elected
Social CreditErnest Manning14,27138.45%6,306Y
Co-operative CommonwealthElmer Roper5,25314.15%6,345Y
Independent MovementJohn Percy Page4,60312.40%6,333Y
Veterans' and Active ForceWilliam J. Williams2,8187.59%5,535Y
IndependentJohnnie Caine1,4003.77%
Social CreditHenry Carrigan1,1883.20%
Social CreditOrvis A. Kennedy8762.36%
Co-operative CommonwealthClifford Lee8542.30%
Social CreditNorman B. James7812.10%3,532Y
Social CreditJohn Gillies7552.03%
Labor–ProgressiveJames A. MacPherson7422.00%
Co-operative CommonwealthJames Enright6491.75%
Co-operative CommonwealthM. E. Butterworth5491.48%
Co-operative CommonwealthJoseph Dowler5451.47%
Labor–ProgressiveWilliam Halina4961.34%
IndependentCecil Chapman4761.28%
IndependentClarence Richards4221.14%
Labor–ProgressiveJan Lakeman2510.68%
Labor–ProgressiveAlex Herd1190.32%
Labor–ProgressiveG.V. Murdoch720.19%
Total 37,120
Rejected, spoiled and declined 2,927
Eligible electors / turnout 65,65161.00%
Source(s)
"Edmonton results 1944 Alberta general election". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
Note: Five seats were awarded in the Edmonton Electoral District through single transferable vote. The Hare Quota, the number of votes needed to win a seat, was 6,306. Ernest Manning was elected on the first count.

1948 general election

This election was held under the Hare STV-PR system.

The 1948 Hare quota was 7692. Manning got it in first count. His surplus votes probably helped elect other two SC candidates.

Prowse also got quota but no other Liberal got in on his shirt-tails.

Elmer Roper too exceeded quota. His surplus was not distributed, perhaps because by then the count was at an end with only two candidates left standing to fill two remaining seats. Two SC-ers, Heard and Clayton, took these without achieving quota.

Result was roughly proportional to the three parties that ran in this contest. (The Conservatives stayed out, supporting Page, an opponent of the SC government, running for the Independent Citizens' Association.)

Premier Manning alone took almost half the votes in the first count, and his party took more than half the seats. The CCF took one sixth of the votes and one-fifth of the seats. The Liberals took about one-fifth the votes and one-fifth of the seats. Only about one-tenth of the votes were wasted - this included Page.

On a candidate basis, two of the top five in the first count were not elected. Page was not popular with enough second preferences, while Liberal Lazarowich also did not have holding power.

1948 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
%Votes
final count
Elected
Social CreditErnest Manning22,01447.45%7,692Y
Co-operative CommonwealthElmer Ernest Roper6,51114.03%8,684Y
LiberalJames Harper Prowse6,30213.58%7,692Y
Independent Citizen'sJohn Percy Page2,7235.87%
LiberalPeter Lazarowich1,2342.66%
Co-operative CommonwealthJack Hampson1,0462.25%
Social CreditClayton Adams9462.04%7,559Y
LiberalMary Scullion9422.03%
Social CreditLou Heard8901.92%7,746Y
Social CreditJohn Gillies7721.66%
Co-operative CommonwealthMary Crawford6181.33%
LiberalFrancis Ford5651.22%
Social CreditWalter Crockett5231.13%
Co-operative CommonwealthArthur Thornton4981.07%
Co-operative CommonwealthJ. H. Dowler3700.80%
LiberalWilliam Brownlee4420.95%
Total 46,396
Rejected, spoiled and declined 880
Eligible electors / turnout 84,39156.02%
Source(s)
"Edmonton results 1948 Alberta general election". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
Note: Five seats were awarded in the Edmonton Electoral District through single transferable vote. The Hare Quota, the number of votes needed to win a seat, was 7,692. Ernest Manning was elected on the first count.

1952 general election

1952 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
%Votes
final count
Elected
Social CreditErnest Manning17,02229.73%6,505Y
LiberalJames Harper Prowse7,26412.69%6,505Y
Co-operative CommonwealthElmer Roper6,63211.58%6,505Y
ConservativeJohn Percy Page2,2123.86%5,504Y
Social CreditJoseph Donovan Ross1,7573.07%6,505Y
Social CreditAmbrose Holowach1,3812.41%
LiberalAndre Milville Dechene1,3402.34%
LiberalPeter J. Lazarowich1,1361.98%
Social CreditHarry D. Carrigan1,1351.98%
Social CreditStella M. Baker1,1261.97%
ConservativeMarshall E. Manning1,0601.85%
LiberalHarold Tanner8751.53%4,921Y
Social CreditWilliston Haszard8341.46%
Labor–ProgressiveBernard R. Swankey8241.44%
LiberalCora Casselman8191.43%
Social CreditEdgar Gerhart7691.34%5,895Y
Co-operative CommonwealthRobert Atkin6581.15%
LiberalLaurette C. Douglas6321.10%
Co-operative CommonwealthRoy Jamha6191.08%
Co-operative CommonwealthArthur E. Thornton6121.07%
LiberalDuncan Innes6081.06%
Co-operative CommonwealthFloyd Albin Johnson5000.87%
ConservativeMarcel Lambert4320.75%
ConservativeFrederick John Mitchell4300.75%
Co-operative CommonwealthNorman Finnemore4130.72%
Co-operative CommonwealthWinnifred Scott3830.67%
ConservativeMrs. Arnold Taylor2720.48%
ConservativeJohn A. L. Smith1890.33%
ConservativeEdward Sturrock1050.18%
Total 52,039
Rejected, spoiled and declined 5,217
Eligible electors / turnout 108,42452.81%
Source(s)
"Edmonton results 1952 Alberta general election". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
Note: Seven seats were awarded in the Edmonton Electoral District through single transferable vote. The Hare Quota, the number of votes needed to win a seat, was 6,505. Ernest Manning, James Harper Prowse, and Elmer Roper were elected on the first count.

1955 general election

1955 Alberta general election
Party Candidate Votes
1st count
%Votes
final count
Elected
Social CreditErnest Charles Manning23,21630.33%9,569Y
LiberalJames Harper Prowse18,75524.50%9,569Y
Co-operative CommonwealthElmer Ernest Roper4,4445.81%
ConservativeJohn Percy Page4,0865.34%9,224Y
LiberalEdgar Bailey2,9713.88%
LiberalAndre Dechene2,8773.76%
LiberalAbe William Miller2,7873.64%9,569Y
Social CreditAnthony Hlynka1,8962.48%
LiberalJ. Laurier Payment1,6402.14%
LiberalHarold Tanner1,6042.10%9,569Y
Social CreditJoseph Donovan Ross1,5752.06%9,483Y
Social CreditEdgar Gerhart1,3201.72%9,121Y
ConservativeGifford Main1,0641.39%
Labor–ProgressiveWilliam Harasym9471.24%
Co-operative CommonwealthRobert Atkin9401.23%
Social CreditWilliam J.M. Henning7851.03%
ConservativeGerard Amerongen6920.90%
Social CreditCyril G. Havard6020.79%
Social CreditMrs. C.N. Hattersley5550.73%
LiberalLois Grant5520.72%
ConservativeRobert F. Lambert5480.72%
Co-operative CommonwealthFloyd Johnson4580.60%
ConservativeFrederick John Mitchell4050.53%
Co-operative CommonwealthMary Crawford3830.50%
Co-operative CommonwealthIvor G. Dent3280.43%
ConservativeMrs. John A. L. Smith2990.39%
Co-operative CommonwealthArthur E. Thompson2900.38%
ConservativeRobert L. Brower2210.29%
Co-operative CommonwealthHubert M. Smith1770.23%
IndependentCharles E. Payne1270.17%
Total 76,544
Rejected, spoiled and declined 6,248
Eligible electors / turnout 127,06965.15%
Source(s)
"Edmonton results 1955 Alberta general election". Alberta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2010-12-08.
Note: Seven seats were awarded in the Edmonton Electoral District through single transferable vote. The Hare Quota, the number of votes needed to win a seat, was 5,969.

By-Elections

Party 1937 1936 1931 1924
Liberal Edward Leslie Gray
17,788
W. Morrish
9,863
John C. Bowen
2,934
William Thomas Henry
4,640
Conservative Frederick Jamieson
8,026
Albert Ewing
4,238
Labour Elmer Roper
5,583
H.M. Bartholomew
4,118
People's Candidate Joseph Clarke
10,000
Soldier Representative W. Griffen
3,389
Communist Jan Lakeman
1,779
Jan Lakeman
813
Unity Margaret Crang
6,129
Cooperative Commonwealth Harry Dean Ainlay
2,056
Progressive Labour Margaret Crang
1,275
Independent Rice Sheppard
257
G.V. Pelton
1,131

Plebiscite results


1948 Electrification Plebiscite

District results from the first province wide plebiscite on electricity regulation.

Option A Option B
Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being continued by the Power Companies? Are you in favour of the generation and distribution of electricity being made a publicly owned utility administered by the Alberta Government Power Commission?
22,351     50.99% 21,478     49.01%
Province wide result: Option A passed.

1957 liquor plebiscite

1957 Alberta liquor plebiscite results: Edmonton[5]
Question A: Do you approve additional types of outlets for the
sale of beer, wine and spirituous liquor subject to a local vote?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 46,219 71.98%
No 17,994 28.02%
Total Votes 64,213 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 75
127,279 Eligible Electors, Turnout 50.94%
Question B2: Should mixed drinking be allowed
in beer parlours in Edmonton and the surrounding areas?
Ballot Choice Votes %
Yes 48,645 75.85%
No 15,485 24.15%
Total Votes 64,134 100%
Rejected, Spoiled and Declined 622
127,279 Eligible Electors, Turnout 50.88%

On October 30, 1957 a stand-alone plebiscite was held province wide in all 50 of the then current provincial electoral districts in Alberta. The government decided to consult Alberta voters to decide on liquor sales and mixed drinking after a divisive debate in the Legislature. The plebiscite was intended to deal with the growing demand for reforming antiquated liquor control laws.[6]

The plebiscite was conducted in two parts. Question A asked in all districts, asked the voters if the sale of liquor should be expanded in Alberta, while Question B asked in a handful of districts within the corporate limits of Calgary and Edmonton asked if men and woman were allowed to drink together in establishments.[5] Question B was slightly modified depending on which city the voters were in.[5]

Province wide Question A of the plebiscite passed in 33 of the 50 districts while Question B passed in all five districts. Edmonton voted overwhelmingly in favor of the plebiscite. The district recorded slightly above average voter turnout almost just over the province wide 46% average with over half of eligible voters casting a ballot.[5]

Edmonton also voted on Question B2. Residents voted for mixed drinking with a super majority. Turnout for question B. Turnout for Question B was slightly lower and than Question A.[5]

Official district returns were released to the public on December 31, 1957.[5] The Social Credit government in power at the time did not considered the results binding.[7] However the results of the vote led the government to repeal all existing liquor legislation and introduce an entirely new Liquor Act.[8]

Municipal districts lying inside electoral districts that voted against the Plebiscite were designated Local Option Zones by the Alberta Liquor Control Board and considered effective dry zones, business owners that wanted a license had to petition for a binding municipal plebiscite in order to be granted a license.[9]

See also


References


  1. Office of the Chief Electoral Officer; Legislative Assembly Office (2006). A Century of Democracy: Elections of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, 1905-2005. The Centennial Series. Edmonton, AB: Legislative Assembly of Alberta. p. 37. ISBN 0-9689217-8-7. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  2. "Election results for Edmonton". abheritage.ca. Heritage Community Foundation. Archived from the original on 8 December 2010. Retrieved 22 May 2020.
  3. Office of the Chief Electoral Officer; Legislative Assembly Office (2006). A Century of Democracy: Elections of the Legislative Assembly of Alberta, 1905-2005. The Centennial Series. Edmonton, AB: Legislative Assembly of Alberta. p. 56. ISBN 0-9689217-8-7. Retrieved 25 May 2020.
  4. "C.C.F. Candidate Wins By-Election at Edmonton Tuesday". Red Deer Advocate. September 23, 1942. p. 1.
  5. Alberta Gazette. 53 (December 31 ed.). Government of Alberta. 1957. pp. 2, 247–2, 249.
  6. "Albertans Vote 2 to 1 For More Liquor Outlets". Vol L No 273. The Lethbridge Herald. October 31, 1957. pp. 1–2.
  7. "No Sudden Change In Alberta Drinking Habits Is Seen". Vol L No 267. The Lethbridge Herald. October 24, 1957. p. 1.
  8. "Entirely New Act On Liquor". Vol LI No 72. The Lethbridge Herald. March 5, 1968. p. 1.
  9. "Bill 81". Alberta Bills 12th Legislature 1st Session. Government of Alberta. 1958. p. 40.

Further reading