Edmund Husserl

Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl (/ˈhʊsɜːrl/ HUUSS-url,[18][19] US also /ˈhsɜːrl, ˈhʊsərəl/ HOO-surl, HUUSS-ər-əl,[20][21] German: [ˈɛtmʊnt ˈhʊsɐl];[22] 8 April 1859 27 April 1938[23]) was a German[24][25] philosopher and mathematician of Jewish origin, who established the school of phenomenology.

Edmund Husserl
Husserl c. 1910s
Edmund Gustav Albrecht Husserl

8 April 1859
Died27 April 1938(1938-04-27) (aged 79)
EducationLeipzig University
University of Berlin
University of Vienna
(1881–83, 1884–86: PhD, 1883)
University of Halle
(1886–87: Dr. phil. hab., 1887)
Era20th-century philosophy
RegionWestern philosophy
SchoolContinental philosophy
Transcendental constitutive phenomenology (1910s)[1]
Genetic phenomenology (1920s–30s)[1]
Logical objectivism[2]:13–31
Austrian realism (early)[3][4]
Indirect realism[7]
Correspondence theory of truth[8]
InstitutionsUniversity of Halle
University of Göttingen
University of Freiburg
Doctoral advisorLeo Königsberger (PhD advisor)
Carl Stumpf (Dr. phil. hab. advisor)
Other academic advisorsFranz Brentano
Doctoral studentsEdith Stein
Roman Ingarden
Main interests
Epistemology, ontology, philosophy of mathematics, intersubjectivity
Notable ideas

In his early work, he elaborated critiques of historicism and of psychologism in logic based on analyses of intentionality. In his mature work, he sought to develop a systematic foundational science based on the so-called phenomenological reduction. Arguing that transcendental consciousness sets the limits of all possible knowledge, Husserl redefined phenomenology as a transcendental-idealist philosophy. Husserl's thought profoundly influenced 20th-century philosophy, and he remains a notable figure in contemporary philosophy and beyond.

Husserl studied mathematics, taught by Karl Weierstrass and Leo Königsberger, and philosophy taught by Franz Brentano and Carl Stumpf.[26] He taught philosophy as a Privatdozent at Halle from 1887, then as professor, first at Göttingen from 1901, then at Freiburg from 1916 until he retired in 1928, after which he remained highly productive. In 1933, under racial laws, having been born to a Jewish family, he was expelled from the library of the University of Freiburg, and months later resigned from the Deutsche Akademie. Following an illness, he died in Freiburg in 1938.[27]