Edward Carson

Edward Henry Carson, Baron Carson, PC, PC (Ire) (9 February 1854 – 22 October 1935), from 1900 to 1921 known as Sir Edward Carson, was an Irish unionist politician, barrister and judge. From 1905 Carson was both the Irish Unionist Alliance MP for the University of Dublin and leader of the Ulster Unionist Council in Belfast. In 1915 he entered the war cabinet of H. H. Asquith as Attorney-General. Carson was defeated in his ambition to maintain Ireland as a whole in union with Great Britain. His leadership, however, was celebrated by some for securing a continued place in the United Kingdom for the six north-eastern counties, albeit under a devolved Parliament of Northern Ireland that neither he nor his fellow unionists had sought. He is also remembered for his open ended cross examination of Oscar Wilde in a legal action that Wilde had brought, but led to him being gaoled and ruined. Carson unsuccessfully attempted to intercede for Wilde after the case.[1]


The Lord Carson

Leader of the Opposition
In office
19 October 1915  6 December 1916
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded byVacant,
last held by Bonar Law in May 1915
Succeeded byH. H. Asquith
Attorney General for England and Wales
In office
25 May 1915  19 October 1915
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterH. H. Asquith
Preceded bySir John Simon
Succeeded bySir F. E. Smith
Solicitor General for England and Wales
In office
11 May 1900  4 December 1905
Monarch
Prime Minister
Preceded bySir Robert Finlay
Succeeded bySir William Robson
Solicitor General for Ireland
In office
20 June 1892  11 August 1892
MonarchVictoria
Prime MinisterThe Marquess of Salisbury
Preceded byJohn Atkinson
Succeeded byCharles Hemphill
First Lord of the Admiralty
In office
10 December 1916  17 July 1917
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterDavid Lloyd George
Preceded byArthur Balfour
Succeeded bySir Eric Geddes
Minister without Portfolio and member of the War Cabinet
In office
17 July 1917  20 January 1918
MonarchGeorge V
Prime MinisterDavid Lloyd George
Leader of the Irish Unionist Parliamentary Party
In office
1910–1921
Preceded byWalter Long
Succeeded byThe Earl of Midleton
Leader of the Ulster Unionist Party
In office
1910–1921
Preceded byWalter Long
Succeeded byJames Craig
Personal details
Born(1854-02-09)9 February 1854
Dublin, Ireland
Died22 October 1935(1935-10-22) (aged 81)
Minster-in-Thanet, Kent, England
Political partyIrish Unionist (UUP)
Spouse(s)
  • Annette Kirwan
    (m. 1879; died 1913)
  • Ruby Frewen
    (m. 1914)
Children5
Alma materTrinity College, Dublin
ProfessionBarrister