Efrem Eshba

Efrem Alekseevich Eshba (Russian: Ефрем Алексеевич Эшба; 19 March [O.S. 7 March] 1893 – 16 April, 1939) was an Abkhaz and Soviet statesman and leading Bolshevik in Abkhazia in the 1920s.

Efrem Eshba
Ефрем Алексеевич Эшба (Russian)
Eshba on a 1997 Abkhaz stamp
Chairman of the Revolutionary Committee of Abkhazia
In office
February 1921  February 1922
Preceded byPost Created
Succeeded byPost Abolished
Chairman of the Central Executive Committee of the SSR Abkhazia
In office
February 1922  1922
Preceded byPost Created
Succeeded bySamson Kartoziya
People's Commissar of Justice of the Georgian SSR
In office
October 1922  December 1922
Preceded bySergey Kavtaradze
Succeeded byYakov Vardzieli
First Secretary of the Chechen Autonomous Oblast
In office
January 1926  August 1927
Preceded byMagomed Eneyev
Succeeded byGurgen Bulat
Personal details
Born(1893-03-07)7 March 1893
Agubedia, Sukhum Okrug, Kutais Governorate, Russian Empire
Died16 April 1939(1939-04-16) (aged 46)
Kommunarka, Moscow Oblast, Soviet Union
Political partyCommunist Party of the Soviet Union


  • Blauvelt, Timothy K. (2014), "The Establishment of Soviet Power in Abkhazia: Ethnicity, Contestation and Clientalism in the Revolutionary Periphery", Revolutionary Russia, 27 (1): 22–46, doi:10.1080/09546545.2014.904472