Egyptian language

The Egyptian language or Ancient Egyptian (Ancient Egyptian: π“‚‹π“Ίπ“ˆ– π“†Žπ“…“π“π“Š– r n km.t)[1][7] is an extinct Afro-Asiatic language that was spoken in ancient Egypt. It is known today from a large corpus of surviving texts which were made accessible to the modern world following the decipherment of the ancient Egyptian scripts in the early 19th century. Egyptian is one of the earliest written languages, first being recorded in the hieroglyphic script in the late 4th millennium BC. It is also the longest-attested human language, with a written record spanning over 4000 years.[8] Its classical form is known as Middle Egyptian, the vernacular of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt which remained the literary language of Egypt until the Roman period. By the time of classical antiquity the spoken language had evolved into Demotic, and by the Roman era it had diversified into the Coptic dialects. These were eventually supplanted by Arabic after the Muslim conquest of Egypt, although Bohairic Coptic remains in use as the liturgical language of the Coptic Church.[9][3]

Egyptian


r n km.t[1]
RegionOriginally, throughout Ancient Egypt and parts of Nubia (especially during the times of the Nubian kingdoms)[2]
EthnicityAncient Egyptians
Northern Ancient Nubians
[2]
EraLate fourth millennium BC – 19th century AD[3] (with the extinction of Coptic); still used as the liturgical language of the Coptic Orthodox and Coptic Catholic churches
Afro-Asiatic
  • Egyptian
Dialects
hieroglyphs, cursive hieroglyphs, hieratic, demotic and Coptic (later, occasionally, Arabic script in government translations and Latin script in scholars' transliterations and several hieroglyphic dictionaries[6])
Language codes
ISO 639-2egy (also cop for Coptic)
ISO 639-3egy (also cop for Coptic)
Glottologegyp1246
Linguasphere11-AAA-a
Ebers Papyrus detailing treatment of asthma

Share this article:

This article uses material from the Wikipedia article Egyptian language, and is written by contributors. Text is available under a CC BY-SA 4.0 International License; additional terms may apply. Images, videos and audio are available under their respective licenses.