Elections in Kosovo
Parliamentary elections to the Assembly of Kosovo[a] (Albanian: Kuvendi i Kosovës, Serbian Cyrillic: Скупштина Косова, transliterated Skupstina Kosova) have been held four times since 1999 with the latest in December 2010. The Assembly was an institution within the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG) established by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) to provide 'provisional, democratic self-government' in advance of a decision on the final status of Kosovo. Kosovo, formerly a province of Serbia, came under UN administration in 1999 and unilaterally declared its independence in February 2008. The Assembly elected in 2007 continued in office after the declaration of independence.
|Constitution and law|
Since the Kosovo War, the country has held four parliamentary elections, one every three years, in 2001, 2004, 2007, and 2010 respectively. The first two were administered by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the second two monitored by the international community, with the OSCE and other observing groups concluding that these elections were generally fair and free.
Under Kosovo's Constitutional Framework, which established the PISG, elections were to be held every three years for the Assembly. The Assembly then in turn elects a president and prime minister. The Assembly had 120 members elected for a three-year term: 100 members elected by proportional representation, and 20 members representing national minorities (10 Serbian, 4 Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian, 3 Bosniak, 2 Turkish and 1 Gorani). Under the new Constitution of 2008, the guaranteed seats for Serbs and other minorities remains the same, but in addition they may gain extra seats according to their share of the vote. Kosovo has a multi-party system, with numerous parties and the system of proportional representation and guaranteed minority representation means that no one party is likely to have a parliamentary majority. In addition, a minimum number of Ministers were and remain reserved for Serbs and other minorities. The voting age in Kosovo is 18 years old.
Parliamentary elections (latest)
The final results issued by the Central Election Committee on 30 January 2011 are: Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi
|Parties and coalitions||Votes||%||Main||Serbs||Minority|
|Democratic Party of Kosovo (Partia Demokratike e Kosovës)||224,339||32.11||34||—||—|
|Democratic League of Kosovo (Lidhja Demokratike e Kosovës)||172,552||24.69||27||—||—|
|Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (Aleanca për Ardhmërinë e Kosovës)||77,130||11.04||12||—||—|
|New Kosovo Coalition (Koalicioni për Kosovë të Re)*||50,951||7.29||8||—||—|
|New Spirit Party (Partia Fryma e Re)||15,156||2.17||—||—||—|
|Democratic League of Dardania (Lidhja Demokratike e Dardanisë)||14,924||2.14||—||—||—|
|Independent Liberal Party (Samostalna Liberalna Stranka)||14,352||2.05||2||6||—|
|Turkish Democratic Party of Kosovo (Kosova Demokratik Türk Partisi)||8,548||1.22||1||—||2|
|United Serbian List (Jedinstvena Srpska Lista)||6,004||0.86||1||3||—|
|Vakat Coalition (Koalicija Vakat)||5,296||0.76||1||—||1|
|Democratic Ashkali Party of Kosovo (Partia Demokratike e Ashkanlive të Kosovës)||2,871||0.41||—||—||1|
|New Democratic Party (Nova Demokratska Stranka)||2,478||0.35||—||—||1|
|Bosniak Party of Democratic Action of Kosovo (Bošnjačka Stranka Demokratske Akcije Kosova)||1,818||0.26||—||—||1|
|New Democratic Initiative of Kosovo (Iniciativa e Re Demokratike e Kosovës)||1,690||0.24||—||—||1|
|Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije)||1,602||0.23||—||—||—|
|Ashkali Party for Integration (Partia Ashkalinjëve për Integrim)||1,386||0.2||—||—||1|
|Kosovo Turkish Union (Kosova Türk Birliǧi)||1,364||0.2||—||—||—|
|League of Egyptians of Kosovo (Lidhja e Egjiptianëve të Kosovës)||1,010||0.14||—||—||—|
|Serb Democratic Party of Kosovo and Metohija (Srpska Demokratska Stranka Kosova i Metohije)||1,008||0.14||—||1||—|
|Serbian Social Democratic Party (Srpska Socijal Demokratska Stranka)||829||0.12||—||—||—|
|Civic Initiative of Gora (Građanska Inicijativa Gore)||787||0.11||—||—||1|
|Montenegrin Democratic Party (Crnogorska Demokratska Stranka)||771||0.11||—||—||—|
|Serb People's Party (Srpska Narodna Stranka)||749||0.11||—||—||—|
|United Roma Party of Kosovo (Partia Rome e Bashkuar e Kosovës)||690||0.1||—||—||1|
|Social Democratic Party of Gora (Socijaldemokratska Stranka Gore)||598||0.09||—||—||—|
|Serb Kosovo-Metohija Party (Srpska Kosovsko-Metohijska Stranka)||505||0.07||—||—||—|
|Union of Independent Social Democrats of Kosovo and Metohija (Savez Nezavisnih Socijaldemokrata Kosova i Metohije)||486||0.07||—||—||—|
|Civic Initiative National Wing (Gradjanska Inicijativa Krilo Naroda)||205||0.03||—||—||—|
|Total (turnout 47.5%)||646,623||100.0||100||10||10|
* consisting of New Kosovo Alliance–Justice Party–Social Democratic Party–Pensionists and Disabled Party–Pensionists Party of Kosovo–Albanian National Democratic Party–Green Party of Kosovo (Aleanca Kosova e Re–Partia e Drejtësisë–Partia Social Demokrate–Partia e Pensionistëve Invalidore–Partia e Pensionistëve të Kosovës–Partia Nacional Demokratike Shqiptare–Partia e të Gjelbërve të Kosovës)
Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija
According to UNMIK practice, Serbian national referendums and elections for Parliament and President were allowed in Kosovo, but local elections were organized separately by UNMIK and the PISG. In spite of this, Serbia carried out local elections in Kosovo in 2008; these were not recognized by UNMIK.
The Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija is a local government created by the Serbian minority in the Kosovo city of Mitrovica in response to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence. The first elections for the Assembly took place on May 11, 2008 to coincide with the 2008 Serbian local elections.
In the Brussels agreement, the government of Serbia agreed to integrate Kosovo Serb political structures into the government of Kosovo.
The seats in the Assembly are divided as follows:
- Serbian Radical Party – 17
- Democratic Party of Serbia – 13
- Socialist Party of Serbia – 4
- Democratic Party – 3
- G17 Plus – 1
- Civic Initiative of Gora – 1
- Others – 4
DS is boycotting the Assembly for now, stating that it would wait until the new government is formed in Serbia which would then decide whether the Assembly is a good way of promoting the Kosovan Serbs' issues.
The elections which are basis for the Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija were not recognized by the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) or the Republic of Kosovo. The creation of the assembly has been condemned as an act aimed at destabilizing Kosovo by Kosovar president Fatmir Sejdiu, while UNMIK denied that this election was a serious issue as the assembly will not have an operative role.
|a.||^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently (this note self-updates) recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.|
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