Elections in Kosovo

Parliamentary elections to the Assembly of Kosovo[a] (Albanian: Kuvendi i Kosovës, Serbian Cyrillic: Скупштина Косова, transliterated Skupstina Kosova) have been held four times since 1999 with the latest in December 2010.[1] The Assembly was an institution within the Provisional Institutions of Self-Government (PISG) established by the United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) to provide 'provisional, democratic self-government' in advance of a decision on the final status of Kosovo. Kosovo, formerly a province of Serbia, came under UN administration in 1999 and unilaterally declared its independence in February 2008. The Assembly elected in 2007 continued in office after the declaration of independence.

Since the Kosovo War, the country has held four parliamentary elections, one every three years, in 2001, 2004, 2007, and 2010 respectively. The first two were administered by the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) and the second two monitored by the international community, with the OSCE and other observing groups concluding that these elections were generally fair and free.

Under Kosovo's Constitutional Framework, which established the PISG, elections were to be held every three years for the Assembly. The Assembly then in turn elects a president and prime minister. The Assembly had 120 members elected for a three-year term: 100 members elected by proportional representation, and 20 members representing national minorities (10 Serbian, 4 Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian, 3 Bosniak, 2 Turkish and 1 Gorani). Under the new Constitution of 2008, the guaranteed seats for Serbs and other minorities remains the same, but in addition they may gain extra seats according to their share of the vote. Kosovo has a multi-party system, with numerous parties and the system of proportional representation and guaranteed minority representation means that no one party is likely to have a parliamentary majority. In addition, a minimum number of Ministers were and remain reserved for Serbs and other minorities. The voting age in Kosovo is 18 years old.[2][3]

Parliamentary elections (latest)




Early elections were held in Kosovo on 11 June 2017.[4] The elections were triggered by a motion of no confidence in the government of Prime Minister Isa Mustafa on 10 May 2017 by a vote of 78–34.[5]


The 2014 Parliamentary elections were held in Kosovo on 8 June 2014.[6] Prime Minister Isa Mustafa


The final results issued by the Central Election Committee on 30 January 2011 are: Prime Minister Hashim Thaçi

e  d Summary of the 12 December 2010 Assembly of the Republic of Kosovo election results
Parties and coalitions Votes  % Main Serbs Minority
Democratic Party of Kosovo (Partia Demokratike e Kosovës) 224,339 32.11 34
Democratic League of Kosovo (Lidhja Demokratike e Kosovës) 172,552 24.69 27
Self-Determination (Vetëvendosje) 88,652 12.69 14
Alliance for the Future of Kosovo (Aleanca për Ardhmërinë e Kosovës) 77,130 11.04 12
New Kosovo Coalition (Koalicioni për Kosovë të Re)* 50,951 7.29 8
New Spirit Party (Partia Fryma e Re) 15,156 2.17
Democratic League of Dardania (Lidhja Demokratike e Dardanisë) 14,924 2.14
Independent Liberal Party (Samostalna Liberalna Stranka) 14,352 2.05 2 6
Turkish Democratic Party of Kosovo (Kosova Demokratik Türk Partisi) 8,548 1.22 1 2
United Serbian List (Jedinstvena Srpska Lista) 6,004 0.86 1 3
Vakat Coalition (Koalicija Vakat) 5,296 0.76 1 1
Democratic Ashkali Party of Kosovo (Partia Demokratike e Ashkanlive të Kosovës) 2,871 0.41 1
New Democratic Party (Nova Demokratska Stranka) 2,478 0.35 1
Bosniak Party of Democratic Action of Kosovo (Bošnjačka Stranka Demokratske Akcije Kosova) 1,818 0.26 1
New Democratic Initiative of Kosovo (Iniciativa e Re Demokratike e Kosovës) 1,690 0.24 1
Party of Democratic Action (Stranka Demokratske Akcije) 1,602 0.23
Ashkali Party for Integration (Partia Ashkalinjëve për Integrim) 1,386 0.2 1
Kosovo Turkish Union (Kosova Türk Birliǧi) 1,364 0.2
League of Egyptians of Kosovo (Lidhja e Egjiptianëve të Kosovës) 1,010 0.14
Serb Democratic Party of Kosovo and Metohija (Srpska Demokratska Stranka Kosova i Metohije) 1,008 0.14 1
Serbian Social Democratic Party (Srpska Socijal Demokratska Stranka) 829 0.12
Civic Initiative of Gora (Građanska Inicijativa Gore) 787 0.11 1
Montenegrin Democratic Party (Crnogorska Demokratska Stranka) 771 0.11
Serb People's Party (Srpska Narodna Stranka) 749 0.11
United Roma Party of Kosovo (Partia Rome e Bashkuar e Kosovës) 690 0.1 1
Social Democratic Party of Gora (Socijaldemokratska Stranka Gore) 598 0.09
Serb Kosovo-Metohija Party (Srpska Kosovsko-Metohijska Stranka) 505 0.07
Union of Independent Social Democrats of Kosovo and Metohija (Savez Nezavisnih Socijaldemokrata Kosova i Metohije) 486 0.07
Civic Initiative National Wing (Gradjanska Inicijativa Krilo Naroda) 205 0.03
Total (turnout 47.5%) 646,623 100.0 100 10 10
Source: CEC

* consisting of New Kosovo AllianceJustice PartySocial Democratic PartyPensionists and Disabled PartyPensionists Party of KosovoAlbanian National Democratic PartyGreen Party of Kosovo (Aleanca Kosova e Re–Partia e Drejtësisë–Partia Social Demokrate–Partia e Pensionistëve Invalidore–Partia e Pensionistëve të Kosovës–Partia Nacional Demokratike Shqiptare–Partia e të Gjelbërve të Kosovës)


Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija

According to UNMIK practice, Serbian national referendums and elections for Parliament and President were allowed in Kosovo, but local elections were organized separately by UNMIK and the PISG. In spite of this, Serbia carried out local elections in Kosovo in 2008; these were not recognized by UNMIK.[citation needed]

The Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija is a local government created by the Serbian minority in the Kosovo city of Mitrovica in response to the 2008 Kosovo declaration of independence.[7] The first elections for the Assembly took place on May 11, 2008[8] to coincide with the 2008 Serbian local elections.

In the Brussels agreement, the government of Serbia agreed to integrate Kosovo Serb political structures into the government of Kosovo.


The seats in the Assembly are divided as follows:

DS is boycotting the Assembly for now, stating that it would wait until the new government is formed in Serbia which would then decide whether the Assembly is a good way of promoting the Kosovan Serbs' issues.[9]

International response

The elections which are basis for the Community Assembly of Kosovo and Metohija were not recognized by the United Nations Mission in Kosovo (UNMIK) or the Republic of Kosovo.[8] The creation of the assembly has been condemned as an act aimed at destabilizing Kosovo by Kosovar president Fatmir Sejdiu, while UNMIK denied that this election was a serious issue as the assembly will not have an operative role.[10]

See also


a.   ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008. Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the 2013 Brussels Agreement. Kosovo is currently (this note self-updates) recognized as an independent state by 98 out of the 193 United Nations member states. In total, 113 UN member states recognized Kosovo at some point, of which 15 later withdrew their recognition.


  1. "EU and US introduce Kosovo resolution". Financial Times. Retrieved 23 July 2007.
  2. Kosovo. Youthpolicy.org. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  3. "Legal Voting Age by Country". WorldAtlas. 7 September 2017. Retrieved 26 November 2019.
  4. Caktohet data e zgjedhjeve të parakohshme TV Klan, 11 May 2017
  5. Snap election to follow Kosovo government collapse after no-confidence vote Deutsche Welle, 10 May 2017
  6. "Kosovo to hold parliamentary polls on 8 June 2014". IANS. news.biharprabha.com. Retrieved 9 May 2014.
  7. "Serbs form rival Kosovo assembly". BBC News. 2008-06-14. Retrieved 2008-06-14.
  8. "Kosovo Serbs launch new assembly". BBC News. 2008-06-28. Retrieved 2008-06-28.
  9. "Serb Democrats not to Attend Kosovo Session". Balkan Insight. 2008-06-27. Retrieved 2008-06-29.[dead link]
  10. "Kosovo Serbs convene parliament; Pristina, international authorities object". Southeast European Times. 2008-06-30. Retrieved 2008-07-01.