Elections to the European Parliament

Elections to the European Parliament take place every five years by universal adult suffrage, and with more than 400 million people eligible to vote, they are considered the second largest democratic elections in the world.[1]

The hemicycle of the European Parliament in Strasbourg
Political seats configuration for the 9th legislature of the European Parliament (2019-2024):
  European People's Party Group (EPP)
  Progressive Alliance of Socialists and Democrats (S&D)
  Renew Europe (Renew)
  European Greens–European Free Alliance (Greens/EFA)
  Identity and Democracy (ID)
  European United Left–Nordic Green Left (GUE/NGL)
  European Conservatives and Reformists (ECR)
  Non-Inscrits (NI)
  Vacant

Until 2019, 751 MEPs[2] were elected to the European Parliament, which has been directly elected since 1979. Since the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the EU in 2020, the number of MEPs, including the president, has been 705.[3] No other EU institution is directly elected, with the Council of the European Union and the European Council being only indirectly legitimated through national elections.[4] While European political parties have the right to campaign EU-wide for the European elections,[5] campaigns still take place through national election campaigns, advertising national delegates from national parties.