Eleonora Gonzaga (1598–1655)

Eleonora Gonzaga (23 September 1598 – 27 June 1655), was born a Princess of Mantua as a member of the House of Gonzaga, and by marriage to Ferdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor, was Holy Roman Empress, German Queen, Queen of Hungary and Bohemia.[1]

Eleonora Gonzaga
Holy Roman Empress; German Queen;
Queen consort of Hungary and Bohemia;
Archduchess consort of Austria
Tenure2 February 1622 – 15 February 1637
Coronation7 November 1627
Born(1598-09-23)23 September 1598
Mantua, Duchy of Mantua
Died27 June 1655(1655-06-27) (aged 56)
Vienna, Austria
SpouseFerdinand II, Holy Roman Emperor
HouseGonzaga
FatherVincenzo Gonzaga, Duke of Mantua
MotherEleonora de' Medici

Nicknamed the Elder (German: Ältere) to distinguish herself from her namesake great-niece, during her tenure, the Imperial court in Vienna became one of the centers of European Baroque music. As Empress, Eleanora was a supporter of the Counter-Reformation.


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