The Emilian language (Emilian: emigliàn, emiliân; Italian: emiliano) represents one of the major branches of the Gallo-Italic languages. Its very core is confined to the land between the river Reno and the river Taro, that is between the provinces of Parma and Western Bologna. In the area outside of this core region it is spoken a transition language between the other Gallo-Italic varieties. For example, West of the river Taro to Piacenza it is spoken a transition language between Emilian and Western Lombard; while east of the river Reno it is spoken a transition language between Emilian and Romagnol. This is due to the very nature of Gallo-Italic languages which form a large continuum of each other, as such there is no definite border separating distinctive Gallo-Italic varieties, but only transition regions.
|Ethnicity||3.3 million (2008)|
|Unknown, c. 1.3 million (2006 estimate) (2006)|
|Dialects||Bolognese, Ferrarese, Modenese, Reggiano, Parmigiano, Piacentino, Mantovano, Carrarino, Vogherese-Pavese|
Geographic distribution of Emilian (shown in light pink)
There is no standardised version of Emilian.
Emilian has a default word order of subject–verb–object and both grammatical gender (masculine and feminine) and grammatical number (singular and plural). There is a strong T–V distinction, which distinguishes varying levels of politeness, social distance, courtesy, familiarity or insult. The alphabet uses a considerable number of diacritics.