Employment discrimination is a form of discrimination based on race, gender, religion, national origin, physical or mental disability, sexual orientation, and gender identity by employers. Earnings differentials or occupational differentiation—where differences in pay come from differences in qualifications or responsibilities—should not be confused with employment discrimination. Discrimination can be intended and involve disparate treatment of a group or be unintended, yet create disparate impact for a group.
The examples and perspective in this article deal primarily with the United States and do not represent a worldwide view of the subject. (January 2020)
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