English people

The English people are an ethnic group and nation native to England, who speak the English language and share a common history and culture.[9] The English identity is of early medieval origin, when they were known in Old English as the Angelcynn ('race or tribe of the Angles'). Their ethnonym is derived from the Angles, one of the Germanic peoples who migrated to Great Britain around the 5th century AD.[10]

English people
Regions with significant populations
 United Kingdom 37.6 million in
 England and  Wales[1]
Significant English diaspora in
 United States23.5 million[2] (2019)a
 Australia7.8 million[3] (2016)b
 Canada6.3 million[4] (2016)c
 South Africa1.6 million[5] (2011)d
 New Zealand44,000–282,000[7]
Traditionally Anglicanism, but also non-conformists and dissenters (see History of the Church of England), as well as other Protestants; also Roman Catholics (see Catholic Emancipation); Islam (see Islam in England); Judaism and other faiths (see Religion in England). Almost 25% are non-religious.[8]
Related ethnic groups

a English American, b English Australian, c English Canadian, d British diaspora in Africa

The English largely descend from two main historical population groups  the people who settled in southern Britain following the withdrawal of the Romans (including Angles, Saxons, Jutes and Frisians), and the partially Romanised Britons already living there.[11][12][13][14] Collectively known as the Anglo-Saxons, they founded what was to become the Kingdom of England by the early 10th century, in response to the invasion and minor settlement of Danes that began in the late 9th century. This was followed by the Norman Conquest and limited settlement of Anglo-Normans in England in the later 11th century.[15][16][17][11][18] Some definitions of English people include, while others exclude, people descended from later migration into England.

England is the largest and most populous country of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. In the Acts of Union 1707, the Kingdom of England and the Kingdom of Scotland merged to become the Kingdom of Great Britain.[19] Over the years, English customs and identity have become fairly closely aligned with British customs and identity in general.